virt-sparsify(1) 仮想マシンのディスクをスパースにします


virt-sparsify [--options] indisk outdisk
virt-sparsify [--options] --in-place disk


Virt-sparsify is a tool which can make a virtual machine disk (or any disk image) sparse a.k.a. thin-provisioned. This means that free space within the disk image can be converted back to free space on the host.

Virt-sparsify can locate and sparsify free space in most filesystems (eg. ext2/3/4, btrfs, NTFS, etc.), and also in LVM physical volumes.

Virt-sparsify はさまざまなディスクフォーマットを変換することができます。例えば、raw ディスクイメージをシンプロビジョニングされた qcow2 イメージに変換することができます。

Virt-sparsify can operate on any disk image, not just ones from virtual machines. However if a virtual machine has multiple disks and uses volume management, then virt-sparsify will work but not be very effective (


If the input is raw, then the default output is raw sparse. You must check the output size using a tool that understands sparseness such as "du -sh". It can make a huge difference:

 $ ls -lh test1.img
 -rw-rw-r--. 1 rjones rjones 100M Aug  8 08:08 test1.img
 $ du -sh test1.img
 3.6M   test1.img

(見た目の容量 100M と実際の容量 3.6M を比較します)


  • The virtual machine must be shut down before using this tool.
  • Virt-sparsify may require up to 2x the virtual size of the source disk image (1 temporary copy + 1 destination image). This is in the worst case and usually much less space is required.

    If you are using the --in-place option, then large amounts of temporary space are not required.

  • Virt-sparsify cannot resize disk images. To do that, use virt-resize(1).
  • virt-sparsify は暗号化されたディスクを処理できません。 libguestfs は暗号化されたディスクをサポートしますが、暗号化されたディスク自体はスパース化できません。
  • Virt-sparsify cannot yet sparsify the space between partitions. Note that this space is often used for critical items like bootloaders so it's not really unused.
  • In copy mode, qcow2 internal snapshots are not copied over to the destination image.

You may also want to read the manual pages for the associated tools virt-filesystems(1) and virt-df(1) before starting.


 virt-sparsify indisk outdisk

which copies "indisk" to "outdisk", making the output sparse. "outdisk" is created, or overwritten if it already exists. The format of the input disk is detected (eg. qcow2) and the same format is used for the output disk.

形式を変換するには --convert オプションを使用します:

 virt-sparsify disk.raw --convert qcow2 disk.qcow2

Virt-sparsify tries to zero and sparsify free space on every filesystem it can find within the source disk image. You can get it to ignore (don't zero free space on) certain filesystems by doing:

 virt-sparsify --ignore /dev/sda1 indisk outdisk

ディスクイメージにあるファイルシステムの一覧を取得するには virt-filesystems(1) を参照してください。

Since virt-sparsify ≥ 1.26, you can now sparsify a disk image in place by doing:

 virt-sparsify --in-place disk.img


--check-tmpdir ignore
--check-tmpdir continue
--check-tmpdir warn
--check-tmpdir fail
Check if ``TMPDIR'' or --tmp directory has enough space to complete the operation. This is just an estimate.

If the check indicates a problem, then you can either:

  • ignore it,
  • print a warning and continue,
  • warn and wait for the user to press the Return key (this is the default), or:
  • fail and exit.

You cannot use this option and --in-place together.

出力ファイルを圧縮します。これは 出力形式が "qcow2" の場合 のみ 機能します。

You cannot use this option and --in-place together.

--convert raw
--convert qcow2
--convert [other formats]
Use "output-format" as the format for the destination image. If this is not specified, then the input format is used.

サポートされる既知の動作済み出力形式は次のとおりです: "raw", "qcow2", "vdi"

qemu-img(1) プログラムによりサポートされるすべての形式を使用できます。たとえば、"vmdk" ですが、他の形式のサポートは QEMU に依存します。

Specifying the --convert option is usually a good idea, because then virt-sparsify doesn't need to try to guess the input format.

出力形式を詳細に調整します。関連項目: --compress, -o.

You cannot use this option and --in-place together.

ガベージコレクションおよびメモリー割り当てをデバッグします。これは virt-sparsify におけるメモリー問題または OCaml libguestfs バインドをデバッグするときのみ有用です。
--format raw
--format qcow2
Specify the format of the input disk image. If this flag is not given then it is auto-detected from the image itself.

If working with untrusted raw-format guest disk images, you should ensure the format is always specified.

--ignore filesystem
--ignore volgroup
Ignore the named filesystem.

When not using --in-place: Free space on the filesystem will not be zeroed, but existing blocks of zeroes will still be sparsified.

When using --in-place, the filesystem is ignored completely.

In the second form, this ignores the named volume group. Use the volume group name without the /dev/ prefix, eg. --ignore vg_foo


Do in-place sparsification instead of copying sparsification. See ``IN-PLACE SPARSIFICATION'' below.
このオプションは、他のプログラムにより解析されるときに、よりマシンに易しい出力を作成するために使用されます。以下の ``マシン可読な出力'' 参照。
-o option[,option,...]
Pass -o option(s) to the qemu-img(1) command to fine-tune the output format. Options available depend on the output format (see --convert) and the installed version of the qemu-img program.

You should use -o at most once. To pass multiple options, separate them with commas, eg:

 virt-sparsify --convert qcow2 \
   -o cluster_size=512,preallocation=metadata ...

You cannot use this option and --in-place together.

This disables progress bars and other unnecessary output.
--tmp block_device
--tmp dir
In copying mode only, use the named device or directory as the location of the temporary overlay (see also ``TMPDIR'' below).

If the parameter given is a block device, then the block device is written to directly. Note this erases the existing contents of the block device.

If the parameter is a directory, then this is the same as setting the ``TMPDIR'' environment variable.

You cannot use this option and --in-place together.

--tmp prebuilt:file
In copying mode only, the specialized option --tmp prebuilt:file (where "prebuilt:" is a literal string) causes virt-sparsify to use the qcow2 "file" as temporary space.
  • The file must be freshly formatted as qcow2, with indisk as the backing file.
  • If you rerun virt-sparsify, you must recreate the file before each run.
  • Virt-sparsify does not delete the file.

This option is used by oVirt which requires a specially formatted temporary file.

libguestfs API 呼び出しのトレースを有効にします。
--zero パーティション
--zero 論理ボリューム


Since virt-sparsify ≥ 1.26, the tool is able to do in-place sparsification (instead of copying from an input disk to an output disk). This is more efficient. It is not able to recover quite as much space as copying sparsification.

To use this mode, specify a disk image which will be modified in place:

 virt-sparsify --in-place disk.img

Some options are not compatible with this mode: --convert, --compress and -o because they require wholesale disk format changes; --check-tmpdir because large amounts of temporary space are not required.

In-place sparsification works using discard (a.k.a trim or unmap) support.


The --machine-readable option can be used to make the output more machine friendly, which is useful when calling virt-sparsify from other programs, GUIs etc.

このオプションを使用するには 2 通りの方法があります。

Firstly use the option on its own to query the capabilities of the virt-sparsify binary. Typical output looks like this:

 $ virt-sparsify --machine-readable

A list of features is printed, one per line, and the program exits with status 0.

Secondly use the option in conjunction with other options to make the regular program output more machine friendly.

At the moment this means:

Progress bar messages can be parsed from stdout by looking for this regular expression:

The calling program should treat messages sent to stdout (except for progress bar messages) as status messages. They can be logged and/or displayed to the user.
The calling program should treat messages sent to stderr as error messages. In addition, virt-sparsify exits with a non-zero status code if there was a fatal error.

All versions of virt-sparsify have supported the --machine-readable option.


Windows 8 ``fast startup'' can prevent virt-sparsify from working. See ``WINDOWS HIBERNATION AND WINDOWS 8 FAST STARTUP'' in guestfs(3).


Location of the temporary directory used for the potentially large temporary overlay file.

In virt-sparsify ≥ 1.28, you can override this environment variable using the --tmp option.

You should ensure there is enough free space in the worst case for a full copy of the source disk (virtual size), or else set $TMPDIR to point to another directory that has enough space.

This defaults to /tmp.

Note that if $TMPDIR is a tmpfs (eg. if /tmp is on tmpfs, or if you use "TMPDIR=/dev/shm"), tmpfs defaults to a maximum size of half of physical RAM. If virt-sparsify exceeds this, it will hang. The solution is either to use a real disk, or to increase the maximum size of the tmpfs mountpoint, eg:

 mount -o remount,size=10G /tmp

If you are using the --in-place option, then large amounts of temporary space are not required.

他の環境変数は ``環境変数'' in guestfs(3) を参照してください。


This program returns 0 if the operation completed without errors. (This doesn't necessarily mean that space could be freed up.)

A non-zero exit code indicates an error.

If the exit code is 3 and the --in-place option was used, that indicates that discard support is not available in libguestfs, so copying mode must be used instead.


Richard W.M. Jones


Copyright (C) 2011-2016 Red Hat Inc.



To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:

When reporting a bug, please supply:

  • The version of libguestfs.
  • Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)
  • Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.
  • Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug report.