guestfs(3) 仮想マシンイメージのアクセスまたは変更のためのライブラリ

書式

#include <guestfs.h>
 guestfs_h *g = guestfs_create ();
 guestfs_add_drive (g, ``guest.img'');
 guestfs_launch (g);
 guestfs_mount (g, ``/dev/sda1'', ``/'');
 guestfs_touch (g, ``/hello'');
 guestfs_umount (g, ``/'');
 guestfs_shutdown (g);
 guestfs_close (g);


cc prog.c -o prog -lguestfs
or:
cc prog.c -o prog `pkg-config libguestfs --cflags --libs`

説明

Libguestfs is a library for accessing and modifying disk images and virtual machines. This manual page documents the C API.

If you are looking for an introduction to libguestfs, see the web site: http://libguestfs.org/

Each virt tool has its own man page (for a full list, go to ``SEE ALSO'' at the end of this file).

The libguestfs FAQ contains many useful answers: guestfs-faq(1).

For examples of using the API from C, see guestfs-examples(3). For examples in other languages, see ``USING LIBGUESTFS WITH OTHER PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES'' below.

For tips and recipes, see guestfs-recipes(1).

If you are having performance problems, read guestfs-performance(1). To help test libguestfs, read libguestfs-test-tool(1) and guestfs-testing(1). To contribute code to libguestfs, see guestfs-hacking(1). To find out how libguestfs works, see guestfs-internals(1).

For security information, including CVEs affecting libguestfs, see guestfs-security(1).

API 概要

このセクションは libguestfs API の簡単な概要を示します。 一緒に呼ばれるグループ API を試みます。これは、このマニュアルのメインセクションにおいて個々の呼び出しに関して読む必要が無くなります。

ハンドル

libguestfs 呼び出しを使用する前に、ハンドルを作成する必要があります。そして、少なくとも 1 つのディスクイメージをハンドルを追加する必要があります。続けて、ハンドルを開始して、好きな操作を実行します。最後に、ハンドルを閉じます。利便性のため、ハンドル変数の名前を 1 文字の "g" を使用します。もちろん、好きな名前を使うことができます。

libguestfs を使用しているすべてのプログラムの一般的な構造はこのようなものです:

 guestfs_h *g = guestfs_create ();
 
 /* 複数のディスクイメージがあれば、その回数だけ
  * guestfs_add_drive を呼び出します。
  */
 guestfs_add_drive (g, "guest.img");
 
 /* 大抵の操作呼び出しはハンドル 'g' を開始するまでうまく
  * 機能しません。ドライブを追加した「後」、他のコマンド
  * を実行する「前」にこれを行う必要があります。
  */
 guestfs_launch (g);
 
 /* Either: examine what partitions, LVs etc are available: */
 char **partitions = guestfs_list_partitions (g);
 char **logvols = guestfs_lvs (g);
 
 /* Or: ask libguestfs to find filesystems for you: */
 char **filesystems = guestfs_list_filesystems (g);
 
 /* Or: use inspection (see INSPECTION section below). */
 
 /* To access a filesystem in the image, you must mount it. */
 guestfs_mount (g, "/dev/sda1", "/");
 
 /* これで、仮想マシンのイメージにおいて、ファイルシステムの
  * アクションを実行できます。
  */
 guestfs_touch (g, "/hello");
 
 /* ディスクを同期します。これは guestfs_launch の反対です。 */
 guestfs_shutdown (g);
 
 /* ハンドル 'g' を閉じて開放します。 */
 guestfs_close (g);

上のコードは何もエラーチェックを含めていません。実際のコードにおいては、エラーに対して返り値を注意深く確認すべきです。一般的に、整数を返すすべての関数はエラーのときに "-1" を返します。ポインターを返すすべての関数はエラーのときに "NULL" を返します。エラーを処理する方法については以下のセクション ``エラー処理方法'' を参照してください。各関数がどのようにエラー表示を返すのかを詳しく確認するには、以下にある各関数のドキュメントを参照してください。全体的に動作する例は guestfs-examples(3) を参照してください。

ディスクイメージ

イメージファイル名 (上の例では "guest.img") は、仮想マシンのディスクイメージ、物理ハードディスクの dd(1) コピー、実際のブロックデバイス、単に posix_fallocate(3) から作成した 0 の空ファイルがありえます。libguestfs はこれらすべてに役に立つことをさせます。

近代的なコードにおいてドライブを追加するために使用する呼び出しは ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' です。書き込み許可、raw 形式指定にて、ディスクイメージを追加するには、次を実行します:

 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         -1);

以下を使用して、読み込み専用のディスクを追加できます:

 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_READONLY, 1,
                         -1);

or by calling the older function ``guestfs_add_drive_ro''. If you use the readonly flag, libguestfs won't modify the file. (See also ``DISK IMAGE FORMATS'' below).

ディスクイメージが使用中ならば、たとえば仮想マシンにより使用されているならば、特に注意してください。読み書き可能で追加することにより、ほぼ確実にディスク破損を引き起こします。一方、読み込み専用で追加することは安全です。

You should usually add at least one disk image, and you may add multiple disk images. If adding multiple disk images, they usually have to be ``related'', ie. from the same guest. In the API, the disk images are usually referred to as /dev/sda (for the first one you added), /dev/sdb (for the second one you added), etc.

一度 ``guestfs_launch'' が呼び出されると、これ以上イメージを追加することはできません。それらを追加するためには、デバイス名の一覧を取得するために ``guestfs_list_devices'' を呼び出せます。以下の ``ブロックデバイス命名法'' を参照してください。

There are slightly different rules when hotplugging disks (in libguestfs ≥ 1.20). See ``HOTPLUGGING'' below.

マウント

Before you can read or write files, create directories and so on in a disk image that contains filesystems, you have to mount those filesystems using ``guestfs_mount'' or ``guestfs_mount_ro''. If you already know that a disk image contains (for example) one partition with a filesystem on that partition, then you can mount it directly:

 guestfs_mount (g, "/dev/sda1", "/");

where /dev/sda1 means literally the first partition (1) of the first disk image that we added (/dev/sda). If the disk contains Linux LVM2 logical volumes you could refer to those instead (eg. /dev/VG/LV). Note that these are libguestfs virtual devices, and are nothing to do with host devices.

ディスクイメージを与えられていますが、何が含まれているかわからないならば、理解する必要があります。 libguestfs はそれもできます: 利用可能なパーティションおよび論理ボリュームを一覧表示するために ``guestfs_list_partitions'' および ``guestfs_lvs'' を使用します。そして、マウント可能なものを確認するためにそれぞれマウントを試します。もしくは ``guestfs_vfs_type'' または ``guestfs_file'' を用いて検査します。単にファイルシステムを一覧表示するには ``guestfs_list_filesystems'' を使用します。

Libguestfs also has a set of APIs for inspection of unknown disk images (see ``INSPECTION'' below). You might also want to look at higher level programs built on top of libguestfs, in particular virt-inspector(1).

ファイルシステムを読み込み専用でマウントするには ``guestfs_mount_ro'' を使用します。いくつかの他の変種 "guestfs_mount_*" 呼び出しがあります。

ファイルシステムのアクセスおよび変更

libguestfs API の大半は、マウントされたファイルシステムにあるファイル、ディレクトリー、シンボリックリンクなどを参照および変更するためのかなり低レベルな関数呼び出しから構成されます。このマニュアルページにおいて以下に詳細に一覧化されている、そのような呼び出しは 100 以上あります。この概要においてすべてを取り扱うことは考えていません。

"/" から始まり、マウントポイントを含む完全パスとしてファイル名を指定します。

たとえば、"/" にファイルシステムをマウントして、"etc/passwd" というファイルを読み込みたければ、次のようにできます:

 char *data = guestfs_cat (g, "/etc/passwd");

これは、ファイルの完全な内容を含む(いくつかの条件とともに: 以下の ``ダウンロード'' 参照)新しく割り当てられたバッファーとして "data" を返します。もしくは、エラーがあれば "NULL" を返します。

もう 1 つの例として、ファイルシステムに "var" という名前の最上位ディレクトリーを作成するには、次のようにします:

 guestfs_mkdir (g, "/var");

シンボリックリンクを作成するには次のようにできます:

 guestfs_ln_s (g, "/etc/init.d/portmap",
               "/etc/rc3.d/S30portmap");

libguestfs は相対パスの使用を拒否します。現在の作業ディレクトリーという概念がありません。

libguestfs は多くの状況においてエラーを返します。たとえば、ファイルシステムが書き込みできない場合です。または、要求したファイルやディレクトリーが存在しない場合です。 C API (ここにドキュメント化されています) を使用しているならば、各呼び出しの後でそれらのエラー条件を確認する必要があります。(他の言語バインドは、これらのエラーを例外の中に含めてください。)

ファイルの書き込みはハンドルごとの umask により影響されます。``guestfs_umask'' を呼び出すことにより設定され、初期値は 022 です。 ``UMASK'' 参照。

Since libguestfs 1.18, it is possible to mount the libguestfs filesystem on a local directory, subject to some restrictions. See ``MOUNT LOCAL'' below.

パーティション

libguestfs はディスクイメージにあるパーティションテーブルを読み込み、作成、変更するための API 呼び出しがあります。

ディスク全体に単一のパーティションを作成したいという一般的な場合、 ``guestfs_part_disk'' 呼び出しを使用できます:

 const char *parttype = "mbr";
 if (disk_is_larger_than_2TB)
   parttype = "gpt";
 guestfs_part_disk (g, "/dev/sda", parttype);

以前ディスクイメージにあったものを明示的にすべて効果的に完全消去します。

LVM2

libguestfs は ``guestfs_lvcreate'' および ``guestfs_vgremove'' のような、大部分の LVM2 API にアクセスできます。物理ボリューム、ボリュームグループ、論理ボリュームの概念になじみがなければ、役に立たないかもしれません。

この著者はオンラインで http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ にある LVM HOWTO を読むことを強く推奨します。

ダウンロード

Use ``guestfs_cat'' to download small, text only files. This call cannot handle files containing any ASCII NUL ("\0") characters. However the API is very simple to use.

``guestfs_read_file'' can be used to read files which contain arbitrary 8 bit data, since it returns a (pointer, size) pair.

``guestfs_download'' can be used to download any file, with no limits on content or size.

複数のファイルをダウンロードするには ``guestfs_tar_out'' および ``guestfs_tgz_out'' を参照してください。

アップロード方法

固定的な内容を持つ小さなファイルを書き込むには、``guestfs_write'' を使用します。すべて 0 のファイルを作成するには、``guestfs_truncate_size'' (スパース) または ``guestfs_fallocate64'' (すべてのブロックを割り当て済み) を使用します。テストファイルを作成するためのさまざまな他の関数があります。たとえば、 ``guestfs_fill'' や ``guestfs_fill_pattern'' があります。

To upload a single file, use ``guestfs_upload''. This call has no limits on file content or size.

複数のファイルをアップロードするには、``guestfs_tar_in'' および ``guestfs_tgz_in'' を参照してください。

However the fastest way to upload large numbers of arbitrary files is to turn them into a squashfs or CD ISO (see mksquashfs(8) and mkisofs(8)), then attach this using ``guestfs_add_drive_ro''. If you add the drive in a predictable way (eg. adding it last after all other drives) then you can get the device name from ``guestfs_list_devices'' and mount it directly using ``guestfs_mount_ro''. Note that squashfs images are sometimes non-portable between kernel versions, and they don't support labels or UUIDs. If you want to pre-build an image or you need to mount it using a label or UUID, use an ISO image instead.

コピー方法

ファイルとデバイスの間でコピーして、仮想マシンのファイルシステムと入出力するための、さまざまなコマンドがあります。以下の表はその概要です。
ファイルからファイル
単一のファイルをコピーするには ``guestfs_cp'' を使用します、またはディレクトリーを再帰的にコピーするには ``guestfs_cp_a'' を使用します。

To copy part of a file (offset and size) use ``guestfs_copy_file_to_file''.

ファイルからデバイス
デバイスからファイル
デバイスからデバイス
``guestfs_copy_file_to_device'', ``guestfs_copy_device_to_file'', または ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' を使用してください。

例: 論理ボリュームの内容の複製:

 guestfs_copy_device_to_device (g,
         "/dev/VG/Original", "/dev/VG/Copy",
         /* -1 marks the end of the list of optional parameters */
         -1);

The destination (/dev/VG/Copy) must be at least as large as the source (/dev/VG/Original). To copy less than the whole source device, use the optional "size" parameter:

 guestfs_copy_device_to_device (g,
         "/dev/VG/Original", "/dev/VG/Copy",
         GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_SIZE, 10000,
         -1);
ホストのファイルからファイルまたはデバイス
``guestfs_upload'' を使用します。上の ``アップロード方法'' 参照。
ファイルまたはデバイスからホストのファイル
``guestfs_download'' を使用します。上の ``ダウンロード方法'' 参照。

UPLOADING AND DOWNLOADING TO PIPES AND FILE DESCRIPTORS

Calls like ``guestfs_upload'', ``guestfs_download'', ``guestfs_tar_in'', ``guestfs_tar_out'' etc appear to only take filenames as arguments, so it appears you can only upload and download to files. However many Un*x-like hosts let you use the special device files /dev/stdin, /dev/stdout, /dev/stderr and /dev/fd/N to read and write from stdin, stdout, stderr, and arbitrary file descriptor N.

たとえば、virt-cat(1) は次のようにすることにより、出力を標準出力に書き込みます:

 guestfs_download (g, filename, "/dev/stdout");

and you can write tar output to a file descriptor "fd" by doing:

 char devfd[64];
 snprintf (devfd, sizeof devfd, "/dev/fd/%d", fd);
 guestfs_tar_out (g, "/", devfd);

ファイルの一覧表示方法

``guestfs_ll'' は人間が読みやすいよう設計されています(おもに guestfish(1) の同等なコマンド "ll" を使用するとき)。

``guestfs_ls'' は文字列の平らな一覧のように、ディレクトリーにあるファイルの一覧をプログラムから取得する素早い方法です。

``guestfs_readdir'' はディレクトリーにあるファイルの一覧、さらにそれぞれに関する追加の情報を取得するためのプログラム的な方法です。ローカルシステムにおける readdir(3) 呼び出しを使用することとほぼ同様です。

``guestfs_find'' と ``guestfs_find0'' は再帰的にファイルを一覧表示するために使用できます。

コマンドの実行法

libguestfs はおもに仮想マシンの中にあるファイルを操作するための API です。さらに、仮想マシンの中にあるコマンドを実行するために、限定された機能がいくつかあります。

これには多くの制限があります:

  • コマンドを実行するカーネルのバージョンは、期待するものにより異なります。
  • コマンドがデーモンと通信する必要があれば、ほとんど動作しないでしょう。
  • コマンドは制限されたメモリーにおいて実行されます。
  • ネットワークは有効にしなければ利用できません(``guestfs_set_network'' 参照)。
  • Linux ゲストのみがサポートされます(Windows, BSD など)。
  • アーキテクチャーの制限(例: x86 ホストにおいて PPC ゲストは動作しません)。
  • SELinux 仮想マシンに対しては、まず SELinux を有効にして、ポリシーを読み込む必要があります。このマニュアルページにおいて ``SELinux'' を参照してください。
  • Security: It is not safe to run commands from untrusted, possibly malicious guests. These commands may attempt to exploit your program by sending unexpected output. They could also try to exploit the Linux kernel or qemu provided by the libguestfs appliance. They could use the network provided by the libguestfs appliance to bypass ordinary network partitions and firewalls. They could use the elevated privileges or different SELinux context of your program to their advantage.

    A secure alternative is to use libguestfs to install a ``firstboot'' script (a script which runs when the guest next boots normally), and to have this script run the commands you want in the normal context of the running guest, network security and so on. For information about other security issues, see guestfs-security(1).

The two main API calls to run commands are ``guestfs_command'' and ``guestfs_sh'' (there are also variations).

The difference is that ``guestfs_sh'' runs commands using the shell, so any shell globs, redirections, etc will work.

設定ファイル

To read and write configuration files in Linux guest filesystems, we strongly recommend using Augeas. For example, Augeas understands how to read and write, say, a Linux shadow password file or X.org configuration file, and so avoids you having to write that code.

The main Augeas calls are bound through the "guestfs_aug_*" APIs. We don't document Augeas itself here because there is excellent documentation on the http://augeas.net/ website.

If you don't want to use Augeas (you fool!) then try calling ``guestfs_read_lines'' to get the file as a list of lines which you can iterate over.

SYSTEMD JOURNAL FILES

To read the systemd journal from a Linux guest, use the "guestfs_journal_*" APIs starting with ``guestfs_journal_open''.

Consult the journal documentation here: sd-journal(3), sd_journal_open(3).

SELinux

SELinux ゲストをサポートします。 SELinux ゲストにおいて正しくラベルづけされていることを確認するには、SELinux を有効にして、ゲストのポリシーを読み込む必要があります:
1.
起動前に次を実行します:

 guestfs_set_selinux (g, 1);
2.
ゲストのファイルシステムをマウント後、ポリシーを読み込みます。 これはゲスト自身において load_policy(8) コマンドを実行することが一番です:

 guestfs_sh (g, "/usr/sbin/load_policy");

(古いバージョンの "load_policy" はポリシーファイルの名前を指定する必要があります)。

3.
オプションとして、API のセキュリティコンテキストを設定します。 使用する適切なセキュリティコンテキストは、ゲストを検査することによってのみ知ることができます。 以下の例のようです:

 guestfs_setcon (g, "unconfined_u:unconfined_r:unconfined_t:s0");

コマンドを実行し、既存のファイルを編集するために機能します。

When new files are created, you may need to label them explicitly, for example by running the external command "restorecon pathname".

umask

Certain calls are affected by the current file mode creation mask (the ``umask''). In particular ones which create files or directories, such as ``guestfs_touch'', ``guestfs_mknod'' or ``guestfs_mkdir''. This affects either the default mode that the file is created with or modifies the mode that you supply.

umask の初期値は 022 です、そのためファイルは 0644 のようなモードで作成され、ディレクトリーは 0755 です。

umask による影響を避けるには 2 つの方法があります。1 つは umask を 0 に設定することです(開始後の早いうちに "guestfs_umask (g, 0)" を呼び出します)。もう 1 つは各ファイルまたはディレクトリーを作成した後に ``guestfs_chmod'' を呼び出すことです。

umask に関する詳細は umask(2) を参照してください。

LABELS AND UUIDS

Many filesystems, devices and logical volumes support either labels (short strings like ``BOOT'' which might not be unique) and/or UUIDs (globally unique IDs).

For filesystems, use ``guestfs_vfs_label'' or ``guestfs_vfs_uuid'' to read the label or UUID. Some filesystems let you call ``guestfs_set_label'' or ``guestfs_set_uuid'' to change the label or UUID.

You can locate a filesystem by its label or UUID using ``guestfs_findfs_label'' or ``guestfs_findfs_uuid''.

For LVM2 (which supports only UUIDs), there is a rich set of APIs for fetching UUIDs, fetching UUIDs of the contained objects, and changing UUIDs. See: ``guestfs_lvuuid'', ``guestfs_vguuid'', ``guestfs_pvuuid'', ``guestfs_vglvuuids'', ``guestfs_vgpvuuids'', ``guestfs_vgchange_uuid'', ``guestfs_vgchange_uuid_all'', ``guestfs_pvchange_uuid'', ``guestfs_pvchange_uuid_all''.

Note when cloning a filesystem, device or whole guest, it is a good idea to set new randomly generated UUIDs on the copy.

暗号化ディスク

Libguestfs allows you to access Linux guests which have been encrypted using whole disk encryption that conforms to the Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) standard. This includes nearly all whole disk encryption systems used by modern Linux guests.

LUKS 暗号化ブロックデバイス(それは文字列 "crypto_LUKS" を返します)を識別するには ``guestfs_vfs_type'' を使用します。

そして ``guestfs_luks_open'' を呼び出すことにより、これらのデバイスを開きます。明示的にパスフレーズが必要です。

Opening a LUKS device creates a new device mapper device called /dev/mapper/mapname (where "mapname" is the string you supply to ``guestfs_luks_open''). Reads and writes to this mapper device are decrypted from and encrypted to the underlying block device respectively.

LVM volume groups on the device can be made visible by calling ``guestfs_vgscan'' followed by ``guestfs_vg_activate_all''. The logical volume(s) can now be mounted in the usual way.

Use the reverse process to close a LUKS device. Unmount any logical volumes on it, deactivate the volume groups by calling "guestfs_vg_activate (g, 0, ["/dev/VG"])". Then close the mapper device by calling ``guestfs_luks_close'' on the /dev/mapper/mapname device (not the underlying encrypted block device).

MOUNT LOCAL

In libguestfs ≥ 1.18, it is possible to mount the libguestfs filesystem on a local directory and access it using ordinary POSIX calls and programs.

Availability of this is subject to a number of restrictions: it requires FUSE (the Filesystem in USErspace), and libfuse must also have been available when libguestfs was compiled. FUSE may require that a kernel module is loaded, and it may be necessary to add the current user to a special "fuse" group. See the documentation for your distribution and http://fuse.sf.net for further information.

The call to mount the libguestfs filesystem on a local directory is ``guestfs_mount_local'' (q.v.) followed by ``guestfs_mount_local_run''. The latter does not return until you unmount the filesystem. The reason is that the call enters the FUSE main loop and processes kernel requests, turning them into libguestfs calls. An alternative design would have been to create a background thread to do this, but libguestfs doesn't require pthreads. This way is also more flexible: for example the user can create another thread for ``guestfs_mount_local_run''.

``guestfs_mount_local'' needs a certain amount of time to set up the mountpoint. The mountpoint is not ready to use until the call returns. At this point, accesses to the filesystem will block until the main loop is entered (ie. ``guestfs_mount_local_run''). So if you need to start another process to access the filesystem, put the fork between ``guestfs_mount_local'' and ``guestfs_mount_local_run''.

MOUNT LOCAL COMPATIBILITY

Since local mounting was only added in libguestfs 1.18, and may not be available even in these builds, you should consider writing code so that it doesn't depend on this feature, and can fall back to using libguestfs file system calls.

If libguestfs was compiled without support for ``guestfs_mount_local'' then calling it will return an error with errno set to "ENOTSUP" (see ``guestfs_last_errno'').

MOUNT LOCAL PERFORMANCE

Libguestfs on top of FUSE performs quite poorly. For best performance do not use it. Use ordinary libguestfs filesystem calls, upload, download etc. instead.

HOTPLUGGING

In libguestfs ≥ 1.20, you may add drives and remove after calling ``guestfs_launch''. There are some restrictions, see below. This is called hotplugging.

Only a subset of the backends support hotplugging (currently only the libvirt backend has support). It also requires that you use libvirt ≥ 0.10.3 and qemu ≥ 1.2.

To hot-add a disk, simply call ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' after ``guestfs_launch''. It is mandatory to specify the "label" parameter so that the newly added disk has a predictable name. For example:

 if (guestfs_launch (g) == -1)
   error ("launch failed");
 
 if (guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename,
                             GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_LABEL, "newdisk",
                             -1) == -1)
   error ("hot-add of disk failed");
 
 if (guestfs_part_disk ("/dev/disk/guestfs/newdisk", "mbr") == -1)
   error ("partitioning of hot-added disk failed");

To hot-remove a disk, call ``guestfs_remove_drive''. You can call this before or after ``guestfs_launch''. You can only remove disks that were previously added with a label.

Backends that support hotplugging do not require that you add ≥ 1 disk before calling launch. When hotplugging is supported you don't need to add any disks.

REMOTE STORAGE

CEPH

Libguestfs can access Ceph (librbd/RBD) disks.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **servers = { "ceph1.example.org:3000", /* ... */, NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "pool/image",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "rbd",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, servers,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_USERNAME, "rbduser",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SECRET, "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA==",
                         -1);

"servers" (the "server" parameter) is a list of one or more Ceph servers. The server string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''. The "username" and "secret" parameters are also optional, and if not given, then no authentication will be used.

FTP, HTTP AND TFTP

Libguestfs can access remote disks over FTP, FTPS, HTTP, HTTPS or TFTP protocols.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **servers = { "www.example.org", NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "/disk.img",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "http",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, servers,
                         -1);

The "protocol" can be one of "ftp", "ftps", "http", "https" or "tftp".

"servers" (the "server" parameter) is a list which must have a single element. The single element is a string defining the web, FTP or TFTP server. The format of this string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''.

GLUSTER

Libguestfs can access Gluster disks.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **servers = { "gluster.example.org:24007", NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "volname/image",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "gluster",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, servers,
                         -1);

"servers" (the "server" parameter) is a list which must have a single element. The single element is a string defining the Gluster server. The format of this string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''.

Note that gluster usually requires the client process (ie. libguestfs) to run as root and will give unfathomable errors if it is not (eg. ``No data available'').

ISCSI

Libguestfs can access iSCSI disks remotely.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters like this:

 char **server = { "iscsi.example.org:3000", NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "target-iqn-name/lun",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "iscsi",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, server,
                         -1);

The "server" parameter is a list which must have a single element. The single element is a string defining the iSCSI server. The format of this string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''.

NETWORK BLOCK DEVICE

Libguestfs can access Network Block Device (NBD) disks remotely.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **server = { "nbd.example.org:3000", NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "" /* export name - see below */,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "nbd",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, server,
                         -1);

注:

  • "server" is in fact a list of servers. For NBD you must always supply a list with a single element. (Other remote protocols require zero or more than one server, hence the requirement for this parameter to be a list).
  • The "server" string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''. To connect to a local qemu-nbd instance over a Unix domain socket, use "unix:/path/to/socket".
  • The "filename" parameter is the NBD export name. Use an empty string to mean the default export. Many NBD servers, including qemu-nbd, do not support export names.
  • If using qemu-nbd as your server, you should always specify the "-t" option. The reason is that libguestfs may open several connections to the server.
  • The libvirt backend requires that you set the "format" parameter of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' accurately when you use writable NBD disks.
  • The libvirt backend has a bug that stops Unix domain socket connections from working: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=922888
  • The direct backend does not support readonly connections because of a bug in qemu: https://bugs.launchpad.net/qemu/+bug/1155677

SHEEPDOG

Libguestfs can access Sheepdog disks.

To do this, set the optional "protocol" and "server" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **servers = { /* optional servers ... */ NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "volume",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "sheepdog",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, servers,
                         -1);

The optional list of "servers" may be zero or more server addresses ("hostname:port"). The format of the server strings is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''.

SSH

Libguestfs can access disks over a Secure Shell (SSH) connection.

To do this, set the "protocol" and "server" and (optionally) "username" parameters of ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' like this:

 char **server = { "remote.example.com", NULL };
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, "/path/to/disk.img",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "raw",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, "ssh",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, server,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_USERNAME, "remoteuser",
                         -1);

The format of the server string is documented in ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''.

INSPECTION

Libguestfs has APIs for inspecting an unknown disk image to find out if it contains operating systems, an install CD or a live CD.

Add all disks belonging to the unknown virtual machine and call ``guestfs_launch'' in the usual way.

Then call ``guestfs_inspect_os''. This function uses other libguestfs calls and certain heuristics, and returns a list of operating systems that were found. An empty list means none were found. A single element is the root filesystem of the operating system. For dual- or multi-boot guests, multiple roots can be returned, each one corresponding to a separate operating system. (Multi-boot virtual machines are extremely rare in the world of virtualization, but since this scenario can happen, we have built libguestfs to deal with it.)

For each root, you can then call various "guestfs_inspect_get_*" functions to get additional details about that operating system. For example, call ``guestfs_inspect_get_type'' to return the string "windows" or "linux" for Windows and Linux-based operating systems respectively.

Un*x-like and Linux-based operating systems usually consist of several filesystems which are mounted at boot time (for example, a separate boot partition mounted on /boot). The inspection rules are able to detect how filesystems correspond to mount points. Call "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints" to get this mapping. It might return a hash table like this example:

 /boot => /dev/sda1
 /     => /dev/vg_guest/lv_root
 /usr  => /dev/vg_guest/lv_usr

The caller can then make calls to ``guestfs_mount'' to mount the filesystems as suggested.

Be careful to mount filesystems in the right order (eg. / before /usr). Sorting the keys of the hash by length, shortest first, should work.

Inspection currently only works for some common operating systems. Contributors are welcome to send patches for other operating systems that we currently cannot detect.

暗号化ディスクは検査の前に開く必要があります。詳細は``暗号化ディスク''を参照してください。``guestfs_inspect_os'' 関数はすべての暗号化デバイスを単に無視します。

A note on the implementation: The call ``guestfs_inspect_os'' performs inspection and caches the results in the guest handle. Subsequent calls to "guestfs_inspect_get_*" return this cached information, but do not re-read the disks. If you change the content of the guest disks, you can redo inspection by calling ``guestfs_inspect_os'' again. (``guestfs_inspect_list_applications2'' works a little differently from the other calls and does read the disks. See documentation for that function for details).

インストールディスクの検査方法

libguestfs (1.9.4以降) は、いくつかのインストールディスク、インストール CD、live CD などを検知できます。

Call ``guestfs_inspect_get_format'' to return the format of the operating system, which currently can be "installed" (a regular operating system) or "installer" (some sort of install disk).

Further information is available about the operating system that can be installed using the regular inspection APIs like ``guestfs_inspect_get_product_name'', ``guestfs_inspect_get_major_version'' etc.

インストールディスクに指定するいくつかの追加情報は ``guestfs_inspect_is_live'', ``guestfs_inspect_is_netinst'' および ``guestfs_inspect_is_multipart'' 呼び出しからも取得可能です。

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR WINDOWS GUESTS

libguestfs は NTFS パーティションをマウントできます。そのためには http://www.ntfs-3g.org/ ドライバーを使用します。

ドライブレターとパス

DOS and Windows still use drive letters, and the filesystems are always treated as case insensitive by Windows itself, and therefore you might find a Windows configuration file referring to a path like "c:\windows\system32". When the filesystem is mounted in libguestfs, that directory might be referred to as /WINDOWS/System32.

Drive letter mappings can be found using inspection (see ``INSPECTION'' and ``guestfs_inspect_get_drive_mappings'')

Dealing with separator characters (backslash vs forward slash) is outside the scope of libguestfs, but usually a simple character replacement will work.

To resolve the case insensitivity of paths, call ``guestfs_case_sensitive_path''.

LONG FILENAMES ON NTFS

NTFS supports filenames up to 255 characters long. ``Character'' means a 2 byte UTF-16 codepoint which can encode the most common Unicode codepoints.

Most Linux filesystems support filenames up to 255 bytes. This means you may get an error:

 File name too long

when you copy a file from NTFS to a Linux filesystem if the name, when reencoded as UTF-8, would exceed 255 bytes in length.

This will most often happen when using non-ASCII names that are longer than ~127 characters (eg. Greek, Cyrillic) or longer than ~85 characters (Asian languages).

A workaround is not to try to store such long filenames on Linux native filesystems. Since the tar(1) format can store unlimited length filenames, keep the files in a tarball.

Windows レジストリのアクセス方法

Libguestfs also provides some help for decoding Windows Registry ``hive'' files, through a separate C library called hivex(3).

Before libguestfs 1.19.35 you had to download the hive file, operate on it locally using hivex, and upload it again. Since this version, we have included the major hivex APIs directly in the libguestfs API (see ``guestfs_hivex_open''). This means that if you have opened a Windows guest, you can read and write the registry directly.

virt-win-reg(1) 参照。

NTFS-3G ファイルシステムにおけるシンボリックリンク

Ntfs-3g tries to rewrite ``Junction Points'' and NTFS ``symbolic links'' to provide something which looks like a Linux symlink. The way it tries to do the rewriting is described here:

http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-advanced/junction-points-and-symbolic-links/

The essential problem is that ntfs-3g simply does not have enough information to do a correct job. NTFS links can contain drive letters and references to external device GUIDs that ntfs-3g has no way of resolving. It is almost certainly the case that libguestfs callers should ignore what ntfs-3g does (ie. don't use ``guestfs_readlink'' on NTFS volumes).

Instead if you encounter a symbolic link on an ntfs-3g filesystem, use ``guestfs_lgetxattr'' to read the "system.ntfs_reparse_data" extended attribute, and read the raw reparse data from that (you can find the format documented in various places around the web).

EXTENDED ATTRIBUTES ON NTFS-3G FILESYSTEMS

There are other useful extended attributes that can be read from ntfs-3g filesystems (using ``guestfs_getxattr''). See:

http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-advanced/extended-attributes/

WINDOWS HIBERNATION AND WINDOWS 8 FAST STARTUP

Windows guests which have been hibernated (instead of fully shut down) cannot be mounted. This is a limitation of ntfs-3g. You will see an error like this:

 The disk contains an unclean file system (0, 0).
 Metadata kept in Windows cache, refused to mount.
 Failed to mount '/dev/sda2': Operation not permitted
 The NTFS partition is in an unsafe state. Please resume
 and shutdown Windows fully (no hibernation or fast
 restarting), or mount the volume read-only with the
 'ro' mount option.

Windows 8 では、シャットダウンボタンを押しても仮想マシンがシャットダウンしません。代わりに、仮想マシンが休止状態になります。これは ``高速スタートアップ'' として知られています。

いくつかの推奨される回避策があります:

  • 読み込み専用でマウントします (例: ``guestfs_mount_ro'')。
  • On Windows 8, turn off fast startup. It is in the Control Panel → Power Options → Choose what the power buttons do → Change settings that are currently unavailable → Turn on fast startup.
  • On Windows 7 and earlier, shut the guest off properly instead of hibernating it.

RESIZE2FS ERRORS

The ``guestfs_resize2fs'', ``guestfs_resize2fs_size'' and ``guestfs_resize2fs_M'' calls are used to resize ext2/3/4 filesystems.

The underlying program (resize2fs(8)) requires that the filesystem is clean and recently fsck'd before you can resize it. Also, if the resize operation fails for some reason, then you had to call fsck the filesystem again to fix it.

In libguestfs "lt" 1.17.14, you usually had to call ``guestfs_e2fsck_f'' before the resize. However, in "ge" 1.17.14, e2fsck(8) is called automatically before the resize, so you no longer need to do this.

The resize2fs(8) program can still fail, in which case it prints an error message similar to:

 容量変更の操作を中断した後、ファイルシステムを
 修復するために 'e2fsck -fy <device>' を実行してください。

You can do this by calling ``guestfs_e2fsck'' with the "forceall" option. However in the context of disk images, it is usually better to avoid this situation, eg. by rolling back to an earlier snapshot, or by copying and resizing and on failure going back to the original.

USING LIBGUESTFS WITH OTHER PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

Although we don't want to discourage you from using the C API, we will mention here that the same API is also available in other languages.

The API is broadly identical in all supported languages. This means that the C call "guestfs_add_drive_ro(g,file)" is "$g->add_drive_ro($file)" in Perl, "g.add_drive_ro(file)" in Python, and "g#add_drive_ro file" in OCaml. In other words, a straightforward, predictable isomorphism between each language.

Error messages are automatically transformed into exceptions if the language supports it.

We don't try to ``object orientify'' parts of the API in OO languages, although contributors are welcome to write higher level APIs above what we provide in their favourite languages if they wish.

C++
C++ プログラムから guestfs.h ヘッダーファイルを使用できます。 C++ API は C API と同一です。 C++ のクラスと例外は使用されません。
C#
The C# bindings are highly experimental. Please read the warnings at the top of csharp/Libguestfs.cs.
Erlang
guestfs-erlang(3) 参照。
GObject
Experimental GObject bindings (with GObject Introspection support) are available. See the "gobject" directory in the source.
Go
See <guestfs-golang(3)>.
Haskell
This language binding is working but incomplete:
Functions with optional arguments are not bound. Implementing optional arguments in Haskell seems to be very complex.
Events are not bound.
Functions with the following return types are not bound:
  • Any function returning a struct.
  • Any function returning a list of structs.
  • A few functions that return fixed length buffers (specifically ones declared "RBufferOut" in the generator).
  • A tiny number of obscure functions that return constant strings (specifically ones declared "RConstOptString" in the generator).
Java
Full documentation is contained in the Javadoc which is distributed with libguestfs. For examples, see guestfs-java(3).
Lua
guestfs-lua(3) 参照。
OCaml
guestfs-ocaml(3) 参照。
Perl
guestfs-perl(3) および Sys::Guestfs(3) 参照。
PHP
For documentation see "README-PHP" supplied with libguestfs sources or in the php-libguestfs package for your distribution.

PHP バインドは 64 ビットマシンにおいてのみ正しく動作します。

Python
guestfs-python(3) 参照。
Ruby
guestfs-ruby(3) 参照。

JRuby に対しては Java バインドを使用します。

シェルスクリプト
guestfish(1) 参照。

LIBGUESTFS GOTCHAS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotcha_(programming): ``A feature of a system [...] that works in the way it is documented but is counterintuitive and almost invites mistakes.''

Since we developed libguestfs and the associated tools, there are several things we would have designed differently, but are now stuck with for backwards compatibility or other reasons. If there is ever a libguestfs 2.0 release, you can expect these to change. Beware of them.

初期値は読み込み専用です。
guestfish(3) では、 --ro が初期値です。イメージを変更したいならば --rw を指定する必要があります。

これにより、動作中の仮想マシンのイメージを破壊する可能性を減らします。

Note that many filesystems change the disk when you just mount and unmount, even if you didn't perform any writes. You need to use ``guestfs_add_drive_ro'' to guarantee that the disk is not changed.

guestfish コマンドラインは使うのが難しいです。
guestfish disk.img doesn't do what people expect (open disk.img for examination). It tries to run a guestfish command disk.img which doesn't exist, so it fails. In earlier versions of guestfish the error message was also unintuitive, but we have corrected this since. Like the Bourne shell, we should have used "guestfish -c command" to run commands.
guestfish megabyte modifiers don't work right on all commands
In recent guestfish you can use "1M" to mean 1 megabyte (and similarly for other modifiers). What guestfish actually does is to multiply the number part by the modifier part and pass the result to the C API. However this doesn't work for a few APIs which aren't expecting bytes, but are already expecting some other unit (eg. megabytes).

最も一般的な ``guestfs_lvcreate'' です。 guestfish コマンド:

 lvcreate LV VG 100M

does not do what you might expect. Instead because ``guestfs_lvcreate'' is already expecting megabytes, this tries to create a 100 terabyte (100 megabytes * megabytes) logical volume. The error message you get from this is also a little obscure.

This could be fixed in the generator by specially marking parameters and return values which take bytes or other units.

Ambiguity between devices and paths
There is a subtle ambiguity in the API between a device name (eg. /dev/sdb2) and a similar pathname. A file might just happen to be called "sdb2" in the directory /dev (consider some non-Unix VM image).

In the current API we usually resolve this ambiguity by having two separate calls, for example ``guestfs_checksum'' and ``guestfs_checksum_device''. Some API calls are ambiguous and (incorrectly) resolve the problem by detecting if the path supplied begins with /dev/.

To avoid both the ambiguity and the need to duplicate some calls, we could make paths/devices into structured names. One way to do this would be to use a notation like grub ("hd(0,0)"), although nobody really likes this aspect of grub. Another way would be to use a structured type, equivalent to this OCaml type:

 type path = Path of string | Device of int | Partition of int * int

which would allow you to pass arguments like:

 Path "/foo/bar"
 Device 1            (* /dev/sdb, または場合によると /dev/sda *)
 Partition (1, 2)    (* /dev/sdb2 (または /dev/sda2 や /dev/sdb3?) *)
 Path "/dev/sdb2"    (* デバイスではありません *)

As you can see there are still problems to resolve even with this representation. Also consider how it might work in guestfish.

キーとパスフレーズ

特定の libguestfs 呼び出しは、C 文字列のように渡される、秘密を扱うキーの材料を含むパラメーターをとります。

In the future we would hope to change the libguestfs implementation so that keys are mlock(2)-ed into physical RAM, and thus can never end up in swap. However this is not done at the moment, because of the complexity of such an implementation.

Therefore you should be aware that any key parameter you pass to libguestfs might end up being written out to the swap partition. If this is a concern, scrub the swap partition or don't use libguestfs on encrypted devices.

MULTIPLE HANDLES AND MULTIPLE THREADS

All high-level libguestfs actions are synchronous. If you want to use libguestfs asynchronously then you must create a thread.

Only use the handle from a single thread. Either use the handle exclusively from one thread, or provide your own mutex so that two threads cannot issue calls on the same handle at the same time. Even apparently innocent functions like ``guestfs_get_trace'' are not safe to be called from multiple threads without a mutex.

See the graphical program guestfs-browser for one possible architecture for multithreaded programs using libvirt and libguestfs.

Use ``guestfs_set_identifier'' to make it simpler to identify threads in trace output.

パス

Libguestfs needs a supermin appliance, which it finds by looking along an internal path.

By default it looks for these in the directory "$libdir/guestfs" (eg. /usr/local/lib/guestfs or /usr/lib64/guestfs).

Use ``guestfs_set_path'' or set the environment variable ``LIBGUESTFS_PATH'' to change the directories that libguestfs will search in. The value is a colon-separated list of paths. The current directory is not searched unless the path contains an empty element or ".". For example "LIBGUESTFS_PATH=:/usr/lib/guestfs" would search the current directory and then /usr/lib/guestfs.

QEMU ラッパー

自身の QEMU をコンパイルしたい、非標準の場所から QEMU を実行したい、または追加の引数を QEMU に渡したいならば、QEMU のシェルスクリプト・ラッパーを書けます。

There is one important rule to remember: you must "exec qemu" as the last command in the shell script (so that qemu replaces the shell and becomes the direct child of the libguestfs-using program). If you don't do this, then the qemu process won't be cleaned up correctly.

Here is an example of a wrapper, where I have built my own copy of qemu from source:

 #!/bin/sh -
 qemudir=/home/rjones/d/qemu
 exec $qemudir/x86_64-softmmu/qemu-system-x86_64 -L $qemudir/pc-bios "[email protected]"

Save this script as /tmp/qemu.wrapper (or wherever), "chmod +x", and then use it by setting the LIBGUESTFS_HV environment variable. For example:

 LIBGUESTFS_HV=/tmp/qemu.wrapper guestfish

Note that libguestfs also calls qemu with the -help and -version options in order to determine features.

Wrappers can also be used to edit the options passed to qemu. In the following example, the "-machine ..." option ("-machine" and the following argument) are removed from the command line and replaced with "-machine pc,accel=tcg". The while loop iterates over the options until it finds the right one to remove, putting the remaining options into the "args" array.

 #!/bin/bash -
 
 i=0
 while [ $# -gt 0 ]; do
     case "$1" in
     -machine)
         shift 2;;
     *)
         args[i]="$1"
         (( i++ ))
         shift ;;
     esac
 done
 
 exec qemu-kvm -machine pc,accel=tcg "${args[@]}"

BACKEND

The backend (previously known as the ``attach method'') controls how libguestfs creates and/or connects to the backend daemon, eg. by starting qemu directly, or using libvirt to manage an appliance, running User-Mode Linux, or connecting to an already running daemon.

You can set the backend by calling ``guestfs_set_backend'', or by setting the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND".

Possible backends are described below:

"direct"
"appliance"
Run qemu directly to launch an appliance.

"direct" and "appliance" are synonyms.

This is the ordinary method and normally the default, but see the note below.

"libvirt"
"libvirt:null"
"libvirt:URI"
Use libvirt to launch and manage the appliance.

"libvirt" causes libguestfs to choose a suitable URI for creating session guests. If using the libvirt backend, you almost always should use this.

"libvirt:null" causes libguestfs to use the "NULL" connection URI, which causes libvirt to try to guess what the user meant. You probably don't want to use this.

"libvirt:URI" uses URI as the libvirt connection URI (see http://libvirt.org/uri.html). The typical libvirt backend with a URI would be "libvirt:qemu:///session"

The libvirt backend supports more features, including hotplugging (see ``HOTPLUGGING'') and sVirt.

"uml"
Run the User-Mode Linux kernel. The location of the kernel is set using $LIBGUESTFS_HV or using the ``guestfs_set_qemu'' API (note that qemu is not involved, we just reuse the same variable in the handle for convenience).

User-Mode Linux can be much faster, simpler and more lightweight than using a full-blown virtual machine, but it also has some shortcomings. See ``USER-MODE LINUX BACKEND'' below.

"unix:path"
Unix ドメイン・ソケット path に接続します。

This method lets you connect to an existing daemon or (using virtio-serial) to a live guest. For more information, see ``ATTACHING TO RUNNING DAEMONS''.

"direct" is usually the default backend. However since libguestfs ≥ 1.19.24, libguestfs can be built with a different default by doing:

 ./configure --with-default-backend=...

To find out if libguestfs was compiled with a different default backend, do:

 unset LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND
 guestfish get-backend

BACKEND SETTINGS

Each backend can be configured by passing a list of strings. You can either call ``guestfs_set_backend_settings'' with a list of strings, or set the "LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS" environment variable to a colon-separated list of strings (before creating the handle).

force_tcg

Using:

 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=force_tcg

will force the direct and libvirt backends to use TCG (software emulation) instead of KVM (hardware accelerated virtualization).

gdb

The direct backend supports:

 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=gdb

When this is set, qemu will not start running the appliance immediately. It will wait for you to connect to it using gdb:

 $ gdb
 (gdb) symbol-file /path/to/vmlinux
 (gdb) target remote tcp::1234
 (gdb) cont

You can then debug the appliance kernel, which is useful to debug boot failures (especially ones where there are no debug messages printed - tip: look in the kernel "log_buf").

On Fedora, install "kernel-debuginfo" for the "vmlinux" file (containing symbols). Make sure the symbols precisely match the kernel being used.

network_bridge

The libvirt backend supports:

 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS=network_bridge=virbrX

This allows you to override the bridge that is connected to when the network is enabled. The default is "virbr0". See also ``guestfs_set_network''.

ATTACHING TO RUNNING DAEMONS

Note (1): This is highly experimental and has a tendency to eat babies. Use with caution.

Note (2): This section explains how to attach to a running daemon from a low level perspective. For most users, simply using virt tools such as guestfish(1) with the --live option will ``just work''.

Using guestfs_set_backend

By calling ``guestfs_set_backend'' you can change how the library connects to the "guestfsd" daemon in ``guestfs_launch'' (read ``ARCHITECTURE'' in guestfs-internals(1) for some background).

The normal backend is "direct", where a small appliance is created containing the daemon, and then the library connects to this. "libvirt" or "libvirt:URI" are alternatives that use libvirt to start the appliance.

Setting the backend to "unix:path" (where path is the path of a Unix domain socket) causes ``guestfs_launch'' to connect to an existing daemon over the Unix domain socket.

The normal use for this is to connect to a running virtual machine that contains a "guestfsd" daemon, and send commands so you can read and write files inside the live virtual machine.

live フラグを用いた guestfs_add_domain の使用方法

``guestfs_add_domain'' provides some help for getting the correct backend. If you pass the "live" option to this function, then (if the virtual machine is running) it will examine the libvirt XML looking for a virtio-serial channel to connect to:

 <domain>
   ...
   <devices>
     ...
     <channel type='unix'>
       <source mode='bind' path='/path/to/socket'/>
       <target type='virtio' name='org.libguestfs.channel.0'/>
     </channel>
     ...
   </devices>
 </domain>

``guestfs_add_domain'' extracts /path/to/socket and sets the backend to "unix:/path/to/socket".

Some of the libguestfs tools (including guestfish) support a --live option which is passed through to ``guestfs_add_domain'' thus allowing you to attach to and modify live virtual machines.

The virtual machine needs to have been set up beforehand so that it has the virtio-serial channel and so that guestfsd is running inside it.

USER-MODE LINUX BACKEND

Setting the following environment variables (or the equivalent in the API) selects the User-Mode Linux backend:

 export LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND=uml
 export LIBGUESTFS_HV=/path/to/vmlinux

"vmlinux" (or it may be called "linux") is the Linux binary, compiled to run as a userspace process. Note that we reuse the qemu variable in the handle for convenience; qemu is not involved.

User-Mode Linux can be faster and more lightweight than running a full-blown virtual machine as the backend (especially if you are already running libguestfs in a virtual machine or cloud instance), but it also has some shortcomings compared to the usual qemu/KVM-based backend.

BUILDING USER-MODE LINUX FROM SOURCE

Your Linux distro may provide UML in which case you can ignore this section.

These instructions are adapted from: http://user-mode-linux.sourceforge.net/source.html

1. Check out Linux sources
Clone the Linux git repository or download the Linux source tarball.
2. Configure the kernel
Note: All 'make' commands must have "ARCH=um" added.

 make menuconfig ARCH=um

Make sure any filesystem drivers that you need are compiled into the kernel.

Currently, it needs a large amount of extra work to get modules working. It's recommended that you disable module support in the kernel configuration, which will cause everything to be compiled into the image.

3. Build the kernel
 make ARCH=um

This will leave a file called "linux" or "vmlinux" in the top-level directory. This is the UML kernel. You should set "LIBGUESTFS_HV" to point to this file.

USER-MODE LINUX DIFFERENCES FROM KVM

UML only supports raw-format images
Only plain raw-format images will work. No qcow2, no backing files.
UML does not support any remote drives
No NBD, etc.
UML only works on ix86 and x86-64
UML is experimental
In particular, support for UML in libguestfs depends on support for UML in the upstream kernel. If UML was ever removed from the upstream Linux kernel, then we might remove it from libguestfs too.

ABI 保証

We guarantee the libguestfs ABI (binary interface), for public, high-level actions as outlined in this section. Although we will deprecate some actions, for example if they get replaced by newer calls, we will keep the old actions forever. This allows you the developer to program in confidence against the libguestfs API.

ブロックデバイスの命名法

In the kernel there is now quite a profusion of schemata for naming block devices (in this context, by block device I mean a physical or virtual hard drive). The original Linux IDE driver used names starting with /dev/hd*. SCSI devices have historically used a different naming scheme, /dev/sd*. When the Linux kernel libata driver became a popular replacement for the old IDE driver (particularly for SATA devices) those devices also used the /dev/sd* scheme. Additionally we now have virtual machines with paravirtualized drivers. This has created several different naming systems, such as /dev/vd* for virtio disks and /dev/xvd* for Xen PV disks.

As discussed above, libguestfs uses a qemu appliance running an embedded Linux kernel to access block devices. We can run a variety of appliances based on a variety of Linux kernels.

This causes a problem for libguestfs because many API calls use device or partition names. Working scripts and the recipe (example) scripts that we make available over the internet could fail if the naming scheme changes.

Therefore libguestfs defines /dev/sd* as the standard naming scheme. Internally /dev/sd* names are translated, if necessary, to other names as required. For example, under RHEL 5 which uses the /dev/hd* scheme, any device parameter /dev/sda2 is translated to /dev/hda2 transparently.

Note that this only applies to parameters. The ``guestfs_list_devices'', ``guestfs_list_partitions'' and similar calls return the true names of the devices and partitions as known to the appliance, but see ``guestfs_canonical_device_name''.

ディスクラベル

In libguestfs ≥ 1.20, you can give a label to a disk when you add it, using the optional "label" parameter to ``guestfs_add_drive_opts''. (Note that disk labels are different from and not related to filesystem labels).

Not all versions of libguestfs support setting a disk label, and when it is supported, it is limited to 20 ASCII characters "[a-zA-Z]".

When you add a disk with a label, it can either be addressed using /dev/sd*, or using /dev/disk/guestfs/label. Partitions on the disk can be addressed using /dev/disk/guestfs/labelpartnum.

Listing devices (``guestfs_list_devices'') and partitions (``guestfs_list_partitions'') returns the raw block device name. However you can use ``guestfs_list_disk_labels'' to map disk labels to raw block device and partition names.

ALGORITHM FOR BLOCK DEVICE NAME TRANSLATION

Usually this translation is transparent. However in some (very rare) cases you may need to know the exact algorithm. Such cases include where you use ``guestfs_config'' to add a mixture of virtio and IDE devices to the qemu-based appliance, so have a mixture of /dev/sd* and /dev/vd* devices.

The algorithm is applied only to parameters which are known to be either device or partition names. Return values from functions such as ``guestfs_list_devices'' are never changed.

  • Is the string a parameter which is a device or partition name?
  • Does the string begin with /dev/sd?
  • 名前付きのデバイスが存在しますか?そうならば、そのデバイスを使用します。しかし、そうで なければ 、この手順を続けます。
  • Replace initial /dev/sd string with /dev/hd.

    For example, change /dev/sda2 to /dev/hda2.

    名前付きデバイスが存在すれば、それを使用します。なければ、続けます。

  • Replace initial /dev/sd string with /dev/vd.

    名前付きデバイスが存在すれば、それを使用します。なければ、エラーを返します。

PORTABILITY CONCERNS WITH BLOCK DEVICE NAMING

Although the standard naming scheme and automatic translation is useful for simple programs and guestfish scripts, for larger programs it is best not to rely on this mechanism.

Where possible for maximum future portability programs using libguestfs should use these future-proof techniques:

  • 実際のデバイス名を一覧表示するには ``guestfs_list_devices'' または ``guestfs_list_partitions'' を使用します。そして、それらの名前を直接使用します。

    それらのデバイス名が定義により存在しているので、それらは変換されません。

  • LVM 名、UUID およびファイルシステムのラベルのように、ファイルシステムを識別するための高レベルの方法を使用します。

NULL DISKS

When adding a disk using, eg., ``guestfs_add_drive'', you can set the filename to "/dev/null". This string is treated specially by libguestfs, causing it to add a ``null disk''.

A null disk has the following properties:

  • A null disk will appear as a normal device, eg. in calls to ``guestfs_list_devices''.
  • You may add "/dev/null" multiple times.
  • You should not try to access a null disk in any way. For example, you shouldn't try to read it or mount it.

Null disks are used for three main purposes:

1.
Performance testing of libguestfs (see guestfs-performance(1)).
2.
The internal test suite.
3.
If you want to use libguestfs APIs that don't refer to disks, since libguestfs requires that at least one disk is added, you should add a null disk.

たとえば、機能が利用可能であるかを確認するために、このようなコードを使用します:

 guestfs_h *g;
 char **groups = [ "btrfs", NULL ];
 
 g = guestfs_create ();
 guestfs_add_drive (g, "/dev/null");
 guestfs_launch (g);
 if (guestfs_available (g, groups) == 0) {
   // group(s) are available
 } else {
   // group(s) are not available
 }
 guestfs_close (g);

DISK IMAGE FORMATS

Virtual disks come in a variety of formats. Some common formats are listed below.

Note that libguestfs itself is not responsible for handling the disk format: this is done using qemu(1). If support for a particular format is missing or broken, this has to be fixed in qemu.

COMMON VIRTUAL DISK IMAGE FORMATS

raw
Raw format is simply a dump of the sequential bytes of the virtual hard disk. There is no header, container, compression or processing of any sort.

Since raw format requires no translation to read or write, it is both fast and very well supported by qemu and all other hypervisors. You can consider it to be a universal format that any hypervisor can access.

Raw format files are not compressed and so take up the full space of the original disk image even when they are empty. A variation (on Linux/Unix at least) is to not store ranges of all-zero bytes by storing the file as a sparse file. This ``variant format'' is sometimes called raw sparse. Many utilities, including virt-sparsify(1), can make raw disk images sparse.

qcow2
Qcow2 is the native disk image format used by qemu. Internally it uses a two-level directory structure so that only blocks containing data are stored in the file. It also has many other features such as compression, snapshots and backing files.

There are at least two distinct variants of this format, although qemu (and hence libguestfs) handles both transparently to the user.

vmdk
VMDK is VMware's native disk image format. There are many variations. Modern qemu (hence libguestfs) supports most variations, but you should be aware that older versions of qemu had some very bad data-corrupting bugs in this area.

Note that VMware ESX exposes files with the name guest-flat.vmdk. These are not VMDK. They are raw format files which happen to have a ".vmdk" extension.

vdi
VDI は VirtualBox のネイティブなディスクイメージ形式です。QEMU (つまり libguestfs) は全体的にこれをよくサポートしています。
vpc
vhd
VPC (旧) と VHD (新) は Microsoft (および、以前の Connectix) Virtual PC および Hyper-V のネイティブなディスクイメージ形式です。
推奨されない形式
The following formats are obsolete and should not be used: qcow (aka qcow1), cow, bochs.

DETECTING THE FORMAT OF A DISK IMAGE

Firstly note there is a security issue with auto-detecting the format of a disk image. It may or may not apply in your use case. Read ``CVE-2010-3851'' below.

Libguestfs offers an API to get the format of a disk image (``guestfs_disk_format'', and it is safest to use this.

Don't be tempted to try parsing the text / human-readable output of "qemu-img" since it cannot be parsed reliably and securely. Also do not use the "file" command since the output of that changes over time.

CONNECTION MANAGEMENT

guestfs_h *

"guestfs_h" is the opaque type representing a connection handle. Create a handle by calling ``guestfs_create'' or ``guestfs_create_flags''. Call ``guestfs_close'' to free the handle and release all resources used.

For information on using multiple handles and threads, see the section ``MULTIPLE HANDLES AND MULTIPLE THREADS'' above.

guestfs_create

 guestfs_h *guestfs_create (void);

接続ハンドルを作成します。

On success this returns a non-NULL pointer to a handle. On error it returns NULL.

You have to ``configure'' the handle after creating it. This includes calling ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' (or one of the equivalent calls) on the handle at least once.

ハンドルを設定後、 ``guestfs_launch'' を呼び出す必要があります。

You may also want to configure error handling for the handle. See the ``ERROR HANDLING'' section below.

guestfs_create_flags

 guestfs_h *guestfs_create_flags (unsigned flags [, ...]);

Create a connection handle, supplying extra flags and extra arguments to control how the handle is created.

On success this returns a non-NULL pointer to a handle. On error it returns NULL.

``guestfs_create'' is equivalent to calling guestfs_create_flags(0).

The following flags may be logically ORed together. (Currently no extra arguments are used).

"GUESTFS_CREATE_NO_ENVIRONMENT"
Don't parse any environment variables (such as "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG" etc).

You can call ``guestfs_parse_environment'' or ``guestfs_parse_environment_list'' afterwards to parse environment variables. Alternately, don't call these functions if you want the handle to be unaffected by environment variables. See the example below.

The default (if this flag is not given) is to implicitly call ``guestfs_parse_environment''.

"GUESTFS_CREATE_NO_CLOSE_ON_EXIT"
Don't try to close the handle in an atexit(3) handler if the program exits without explicitly closing the handle.

The default (if this flag is not given) is to install such an atexit handler.

"GUESTFS_CREATE_NO_ENVIRONMENT" の使用法

You might use "GUESTFS_CREATE_NO_ENVIRONMENT" and an explicit call to ``guestfs_parse_environment'' like this:

 guestfs_h *g;
 int r;
 
 g = guestfs_create_flags (GUESTFS_CREATE_NO_ENVIRONMENT);
 if (!g) {
   perror ("guestfs_create_flags");
   exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 }
 r = guestfs_parse_environment (g);
 if (r == -1)
   exit (EXIT_FAILURE);

Or to create a handle which is unaffected by environment variables, omit the call to "guestfs_parse_environment" from the above code.

The above code has another advantage which is that any errors from parsing the environment are passed through the error handler, whereas "guestfs_create" prints errors on stderr and ignores them.

guestfs_close

 void guestfs_close (guestfs_h *g);

This closes the connection handle and frees up all resources used. If a close callback was set on the handle, then it is called.

ハンドルを閉じる正しい方法は次のとおりです:

 if (guestfs_shutdown (g) == -1) {
   /* ここで書き込みエラーを処理する */
 }
 guestfs_close (g);

``guestfs_shutdown'' は以下の すべて が成り立つ場合のみ必要です:

1.
一つ以上のディスクを読み書きモードで追加した、かつ
2.
guestfs_launch が呼び出された、かつ
3.
何か変更を実施した、かつ
4.
you have a way to handle write errors (eg. by exiting with an error code or reporting something to the user).

エラー処理

API 関数はエラーを返します。たとえば、ほとんどすべての "int" を返す関数はエラーを意味するために "-1" を返します。

エラーに関する追加の情報が利用可能です: 失敗したものがシステムコールならば、エラーメッセージ文字列およびオプションのエラー番号(errno)です。

You can get at the additional information about the last error on the handle by calling ``guestfs_last_error'', ``guestfs_last_errno'', and/or by setting up an error handler with ``guestfs_set_error_handler''.

When the handle is created, a default error handler is installed which prints the error message string to "stderr". For small short-running command line programs it is sufficient to do:

 if (guestfs_launch (g) == -1)
   exit (EXIT_FAILURE);

since the default error handler will ensure that an error message has been printed to "stderr" before the program exits.

For other programs the caller will almost certainly want to install an alternate error handler or do error handling in-line as in the example below. The non-C language bindings all install NULL error handlers and turn errors into exceptions using code similar to this:

 const char *msg;
 int errnum;
 
 /* これは標準エラーにエラーを表示するときの
    デフォルトの動作を無効化します。 */
 guestfs_set_error_handler (g, NULL, NULL);
 
 if (guestfs_launch (g) == -1) {
   /* エラーメッセージを検査する、表示する、例外を投げるなど */
   msg = guestfs_last_error (g);
   errnum = guestfs_last_errno (g);
 
   fprintf (stderr, "%s", msg);
   if (errnum != 0)
     fprintf (stderr, ": %s", strerror (errnum));
   fprintf (stderr, "\n");
 
   /* ... */
 }

``guestfs_create'' returns "NULL" if the handle cannot be created, and because there is no handle if this happens there is no way to get additional error information. Since libguestfs ≥ 1.20, you can use ``guestfs_create_flags'' to properly deal with errors during handle creation, although the vast majority of programs can continue to use ``guestfs_create'' and not worry about this situation.

Out of memory errors are handled differently. The default action is to call abort(3). If this is undesirable, then you can set a handler using ``guestfs_set_out_of_memory_handler''.

guestfs_last_error

 const char *guestfs_last_error (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the last error message that happened on "g". If there has not been an error since the handle was created, then this returns "NULL".

Note the returned string does not have a newline character at the end. Most error messages are single lines. Some are split over multiple lines and contain "\n" characters within the string but not at the end.

The lifetime of the returned string is until the next error occurs on the same handle, or ``guestfs_close'' is called. If you need to keep it longer, copy it.

guestfs_last_errno

 int guestfs_last_errno (guestfs_h *g);

これは "g" において発生した最後のエラー番号(errno)を返します。

もし成功すると、0 以外のエラー番号の整数が返されます。

In many cases the special errno "ENOTSUP" is returned if you tried to call a function or use a feature which is not supported.

If no error number is available, this returns 0. This call can return 0 in three situations:

1.
ハンドルにおいて何もエラーがありませんでした。
2.
エラーがありましたが、エラー番号に意味がありませんでした。エラーがシステムコールの失敗により発生しましたが、何か他の理由による場合に対応します。
3.
エラーがシステムコールの失敗により発生しましたが、エラー番号が何らかの理由により捕捉されず返されました。これは通常 libguestfs のバグを意味します。

Libguestfs tries to convert the errno from inside the appliance into a corresponding errno for the caller (not entirely trivial: the appliance might be running a completely different operating system from the library and error numbers are not standardized across Un*xen). If this could not be done, then the error is translated to "EINVAL". In practice this should only happen in very rare circumstances.

guestfs_set_error_handler

 typedef void (*guestfs_error_handler_cb) (guestfs_h *g,
                                           void *opaque,
                                           const char *msg);
 void guestfs_set_error_handler (guestfs_h *g,
                                 guestfs_error_handler_cb cb,
                                 void *opaque);

The callback "cb" will be called if there is an error. The parameters passed to the callback are an opaque data pointer and the error message string.

"errno" is not passed to the callback. To get that the callback must call ``guestfs_last_errno''.

Note that the message string "msg" is freed as soon as the callback function returns, so if you want to stash it somewhere you must make your own copy.

標準のハンドラーは "stderr" にメッセージを表示します。

"cb""NULL" に設定すると、 no ハンドラーが呼び出されます。

guestfs_get_error_handler

 guestfs_error_handler_cb guestfs_get_error_handler (guestfs_h *g,
                                                     void **opaque_rtn);

現在のエラーハンドラのコールバックを返します。

guestfs_push_error_handler

 void guestfs_push_error_handler (guestfs_h *g,
                                  guestfs_error_handler_cb cb,
                                  void *opaque);

This is the same as ``guestfs_set_error_handler'', except that the old error handler is stashed away in a stack inside the handle. You can restore the previous error handler by calling ``guestfs_pop_error_handler''.

Use the following code to temporarily disable errors around a function:

 guestfs_push_error_handler (g, NULL, NULL);
 guestfs_mkdir (g, "/foo"); /* We don't care if this fails. */
 guestfs_pop_error_handler (g);

guestfs_pop_error_handler

 void guestfs_pop_error_handler (guestfs_h *g);

Restore the previous error handler (see ``guestfs_push_error_handler'').

If you pop the stack too many times, then the default error handler is restored.

guestfs_set_out_of_memory_handler

 typedef void (*guestfs_abort_cb) (void);
 void guestfs_set_out_of_memory_handler (guestfs_h *g,
                                         guestfs_abort_cb);

メモリー不足になると、コールバック "cb" が呼び出されます。 このコールバックは戻ってこない可能性があることに注意してください

デフォルトでは abort(3) を呼び出します。

"cb""NULL" に設定できません。メモリー不足の状況を無視できません。

guestfs_get_out_of_memory_handler

 guestfs_abort_fn guestfs_get_out_of_memory_handler (guestfs_h *g);

アウトオブメモリーハンドラーを返します。

API 呼び出し

guestfs_acl_delete_def_file

 int
 guestfs_acl_delete_def_file (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *dir);

この関数はディレクトリー "dir" に設定されている標準の POSIX アクセス制御リスト (ACL: Access Control List) を削除します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "acl". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.19.63)

guestfs_acl_get_file

 char *
 guestfs_acl_get_file (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       const char *acltype);

This function returns the POSIX Access Control List (ACL) attached to "path". The ACL is returned in ``long text form'' (see acl(5)).

The "acltype" parameter may be:

"access"
Return the ordinary (access) ACL for any file, directory or other filesystem object.
"default"
Return the default ACL. Normally this only makes sense if "path" is a directory.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "acl". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.19.63)

guestfs_acl_set_file

 int
 guestfs_acl_set_file (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       const char *acltype,
                       const char *acl);

This function sets the POSIX Access Control List (ACL) attached to "path".

The "acltype" parameter may be:

"access"
Set the ordinary (access) ACL for any file, directory or other filesystem object.
"default"
Set the default ACL. Normally this only makes sense if "path" is a directory.

The "acl" parameter is the new ACL in either ``long text form'' or ``short text form'' (see acl(5)). The new ACL completely replaces any previous ACL on the file. The ACL must contain the full Unix permissions (eg. "u::rwx,g::rx,o::rx").

If you are specifying individual users or groups, then the mask field is also required (eg. "m::rwx"), followed by the "u:ID:..." and/or "g:ID:..." field(s). A full ACL string might therefore look like this:

 u::rwx,g::rwx,o::rwx,m::rwx,u:500:rwx,g:500:rwx
 \ Unix permissions / \mask/ \      ACL        /

You should use numeric UIDs and GIDs. To map usernames and groupnames to the correct numeric ID in the context of the guest, use the Augeas functions (see "guestfs_aug_init").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "acl". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.19.63)

guestfs_add_cdrom

 int
 guestfs_add_cdrom (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *filename);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_add_drive_ro'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

この関数は仮想 CD-ROM ディスクイメージを仮想マシンに追加します。

The image is added as read-only drive, so this function is equivalent of "guestfs_add_drive_ro".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_add_domain

 int
 guestfs_add_domain (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *dom,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_LIBVIRTURI, const char *libvirturi,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_READONLY, int readonly,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_IFACE, const char *iface,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_LIVE, int live,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_ALLOWUUID, int allowuuid,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_READONLYDISK, const char *readonlydisk,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_CACHEMODE, const char *cachemode,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_DISCARD, const char *discard,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_COPYONREAD, int copyonread,

This function adds the disk(s) attached to the named libvirt domain "dom". It works by connecting to libvirt, requesting the domain and domain XML from libvirt, parsing it for disks, and calling "guestfs_add_drive_opts" on each one.

The number of disks added is returned. This operation is atomic: if an error is returned, then no disks are added.

This function does some minimal checks to make sure the libvirt domain is not running (unless "readonly" is true). In a future version we will try to acquire the libvirt lock on each disk.

Disks must be accessible locally. This often means that adding disks from a remote libvirt connection (see http://libvirt.org/remote.html) will fail unless those disks are accessible via the same device path locally too.

The optional "libvirturi" parameter sets the libvirt URI (see http://libvirt.org/uri.html). If this is not set then we connect to the default libvirt URI (or one set through an environment variable, see the libvirt documentation for full details).

The optional "live" flag controls whether this call will try to connect to a running virtual machine "guestfsd" process if it sees a suitable <channel> element in the libvirt XML definition. The default (if the flag is omitted) is never to try. See ``ATTACHING TO RUNNING DAEMONS'' for more information.

If the "allowuuid" flag is true (default is false) then a UUID may be passed instead of the domain name. The "dom" string is treated as a UUID first and looked up, and if that lookup fails then we treat "dom" as a name as usual.

The optional "readonlydisk" parameter controls what we do for disks which are marked <readonly/> in the libvirt XML. Possible values are:

readonlydisk = "error"
"readonly" が偽ならば:

The whole call is aborted with an error if any disk with the <readonly/> flag is found.

"readonly" が真ならば:

<readonly/> フラグを持つディスクは読み込み専用で追加されます。

readonlydisk = "read"
"readonly" が偽ならば:

<readonly/> フラグを持つディスクは読み込み専用で追加されます。他のディスクは読み書き用で追加されます。

"readonly" が真ならば:

<readonly/> フラグを持つディスクは読み込み専用で追加されます。

readonlydisk = "write" (デフォルト)
"readonly" が偽ならば:

<readonly/> フラグを持つディスクは読み書き用で追加されます。

"readonly" が真ならば:

<readonly/> フラグを持つディスクは読み込み専用で追加されます。

readonlydisk = "ignore"
"readonly" が真または偽ならば:

<readonly/> フラグのあるディスクはスキップされます

他のオプションパラメーターは "guestfs_add_drive_opts" にそのまま渡されます。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.7.4 において追加)

guestfs_add_domain_va

 int
 guestfs_add_domain_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *dom,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_add_domain'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_domain_argv

 int
 guestfs_add_domain_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *dom,
                          const struct guestfs_add_domain_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_add_domain'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_drive

 int
 guestfs_add_drive (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *filename);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_add_drive_opts

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *filename,
                         ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_READONLY, int readonly,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, const char *format,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_IFACE, const char *iface,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_NAME, const char *name,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_LABEL, const char *label,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_PROTOCOL, const char *protocol,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SERVER, char *const *server,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_USERNAME, const char *username,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_SECRET, const char *secret,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_CACHEMODE, const char *cachemode,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_DISCARD, const char *discard,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_COPYONREAD, int copyonread,

This function adds a disk image called filename to the handle. filename may be a regular host file or a host device.

When this function is called before "guestfs_launch" (the usual case) then the first time you call this function, the disk appears in the API as /dev/sda, the second time as /dev/sdb, and so on.

In libguestfs ≥ 1.20 you can also call this function after launch (with some restrictions). This is called ``hotplugging''. When hotplugging, you must specify a "label" so that the new disk gets a predictable name. For more information see ``HOTPLUGGING''.

You don't necessarily need to be root when using libguestfs. However you obviously do need sufficient permissions to access the filename for whatever operations you want to perform (ie. read access if you just want to read the image or write access if you want to modify the image).

This call checks that filename exists.

filename may be the special string "/dev/null". See ``NULL DISKS''.

オプション引数は次のとおりです:

"readonly"
If true then the image is treated as read-only. Writes are still allowed, but they are stored in a temporary snapshot overlay which is discarded at the end. The disk that you add is not modified.
"format"
This forces the image format. If you omit this (or use "guestfs_add_drive" or "guestfs_add_drive_ro") then the format is automatically detected. Possible formats include "raw" and "qcow2".

Automatic detection of the format opens you up to a potential security hole when dealing with untrusted raw-format images. See CVE-2010-3851 and RHBZ#642934. Specifying the format closes this security hole.

"iface"
This rarely-used option lets you emulate the behaviour of the deprecated "guestfs_add_drive_with_if" call (q.v.)
"name"
The name the drive had in the original guest, e.g. /dev/sdb. This is used as a hint to the guest inspection process if it is available.
"label"
Give the disk a label. The label should be a unique, short string using only ASCII characters "[a-zA-Z]". As well as its usual name in the API (such as /dev/sda), the drive will also be named /dev/disk/guestfs/label.

``ディスクラベル''を参照してください。

"protocol"
The optional protocol argument can be used to select an alternate source protocol.

See also: ``REMOTE STORAGE''.

"protocol = "file""
filename is interpreted as a local file or device. This is the default if the optional protocol parameter is omitted.
"protocol = "ftp"|"ftps"|"http"|"https"|"tftp""
Connect to a remote FTP, HTTP or TFTP server. The "server" parameter must also be supplied - see below.

See also: ``FTP, HTTP AND TFTP''

"protocol = "gluster""
Connect to the GlusterFS server. The "server" parameter must also be supplied - see below.

See also: ``GLUSTER''

"protocol = "iscsi""
Connect to the iSCSI server. The "server" parameter must also be supplied - see below. The "username" parameter may be supplied. See below. The "secret" parameter may be supplied. See below.

See also: ``ISCSI''.

"protocol = "nbd""
Connect to the Network Block Device server. The "server" parameter must also be supplied - see below.

See also: ``NETWORK BLOCK DEVICE''.

"protocol = "rbd""
Connect to the Ceph (librbd/RBD) server. The "server" parameter must also be supplied - see below. The "username" parameter may be supplied. See below. The "secret" parameter may be supplied. See below.

See also: ``CEPH''.

"protocol = "sheepdog""
Connect to the Sheepdog server. The "server" parameter may also be supplied - see below.

See also: ``SHEEPDOG''.

"protocol = "ssh""
Connect to the Secure Shell (ssh) server.

The "server" parameter must be supplied. The "username" parameter may be supplied. See below.

See also: ``SSH''.

"server"
For protocols which require access to a remote server, this is a list of server(s).

 Protocol       Number of servers required
 --------       --------------------------
 file           List must be empty or param not used at all
 ftp|ftps|http|https|tftp  Exactly one
 gluster        Exactly one
 iscsi          Exactly one
 nbd            Exactly one
 rbd            Zero or more
 sheepdog       Zero or more
 ssh            Exactly one

Each list element is a string specifying a server. The string must be in one of the following formats:

 hostname
 hostname:port
 tcp:hostname
 tcp:hostname:port
 unix:/path/to/socket

If the port number is omitted, then the standard port number for the protocol is used (see /etc/services).

"username"
For the "ftp", "ftps", "http", "https", "iscsi", "rbd", "ssh" and "tftp" protocols, this specifies the remote username.

If not given, then the local username is used for "ssh", and no authentication is attempted for ceph. But note this sometimes may give unexpected results, for example if using the libvirt backend and if the libvirt backend is configured to start the qemu appliance as a special user such as "qemu.qemu". If in doubt, specify the remote username you want.

"secret"
For the "rbd" protocol only, this specifies the 'secret' to use when connecting to the remote device. It must be base64 encoded.

If not given, then a secret matching the given username will be looked up in the default keychain locations, or if no username is given, then no authentication will be used.

"cachemode"
Choose whether or not libguestfs will obey sync operations (safe but slow) or not (unsafe but fast). The possible values for this string are:
"cachemode = "writeback""
これがデフォルトです。

Write operations in the API do not return until a write(2) call has completed in the host [but note this does not imply that anything gets written to disk].

Sync operations in the API, including implicit syncs caused by filesystem journalling, will not return until an fdatasync(2) call has completed in the host, indicating that data has been committed to disk.

"cachemode = "unsafe""
In this mode, there are no guarantees. Libguestfs may cache anything and ignore sync requests. This is suitable only for scratch or temporary disks.
"discard"
Enable or disable discard (a.k.a. trim or unmap) support on this drive. If enabled, operations such as "guestfs_fstrim" will be able to discard / make thin / punch holes in the underlying host file or device.

Possible discard settings are:

"discard = "disable""
Disable discard support. This is the default.
"discard = "enable""
Enable discard support. Fail if discard is not possible.
"discard = "besteffort""
Enable discard support if possible, but don't fail if it is not supported.

Since not all backends and not all underlying systems support discard, this is a good choice if you want to use discard if possible, but don't mind if it doesn't work.

"copyonread"
The boolean parameter "copyonread" enables copy-on-read support. This only affects disk formats which have backing files, and causes reads to be stored in the overlay layer, speeding up multiple reads of the same area of disk.

The default is false.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_add_drive_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *filename,
                            va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *filename,
                              const struct guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_drive_ro

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_ro (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *filename);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' を使用してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.38 において追加)

guestfs_add_drive_ro_with_if

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_ro_with_if (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *filename,
                               const char *iface);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_add_drive'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This is the same as "guestfs_add_drive_ro" but it allows you to specify the QEMU interface emulation to use at run time.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.84 において追加)

guestfs_add_drive_scratch

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_scratch (guestfs_h *g,
                            int64_t size,
                            ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_SCRATCH_NAME, const char *name,
 GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_SCRATCH_LABEL, const char *label,

This command adds a temporary scratch drive to the handle. The "size" parameter is the virtual size (in bytes). The scratch drive is blank initially (all reads return zeroes until you start writing to it). The drive is deleted when the handle is closed.

The optional arguments "name" and "label" are passed through to "guestfs_add_drive".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.23.10)

guestfs_add_drive_scratch_va

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_scratch_va (guestfs_h *g,
                               int64_t size,
                               va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_add_drive_scratch''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_drive_scratch_argv

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_scratch_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                 int64_t size,
                                 const struct guestfs_add_drive_scratch_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_add_drive_scratch''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_drive_with_if

 int
 guestfs_add_drive_with_if (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *filename,
                            const char *iface);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_add_drive'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This is the same as "guestfs_add_drive" but it allows you to specify the QEMU interface emulation to use at run time.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.84 において追加)

guestfs_add_libvirt_dom

 int
 guestfs_add_libvirt_dom (guestfs_h *g,
                          void * /* really virDomainPtr */ dom,
                          ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_READONLY, int readonly,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_IFACE, const char *iface,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_LIVE, int live,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_READONLYDISK, const char *readonlydisk,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_CACHEMODE, const char *cachemode,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_DISCARD, const char *discard,
 GUESTFS_ADD_LIBVIRT_DOM_COPYONREAD, int copyonread,

This function adds the disk(s) attached to the libvirt domain "dom". It works by requesting the domain XML from libvirt, parsing it for disks, and calling "guestfs_add_drive_opts" on each one.

In the C API we declare "void *dom", but really it has type "virDomainPtr dom". This is so we don't need <libvirt.h>.

The number of disks added is returned. This operation is atomic: if an error is returned, then no disks are added.

This function does some minimal checks to make sure the libvirt domain is not running (unless "readonly" is true). In a future version we will try to acquire the libvirt lock on each disk.

Disks must be accessible locally. This often means that adding disks from a remote libvirt connection (see http://libvirt.org/remote.html) will fail unless those disks are accessible via the same device path locally too.

The optional "live" flag controls whether this call will try to connect to a running virtual machine "guestfsd" process if it sees a suitable <channel> element in the libvirt XML definition. The default (if the flag is omitted) is never to try. See ``ATTACHING TO RUNNING DAEMONS'' for more information.

The optional "readonlydisk" parameter controls what we do for disks which are marked <readonly/> in the libvirt XML. See "guestfs_add_domain" for possible values.

他のオプションパラメーターは "guestfs_add_drive_opts" にそのまま渡されます。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.14)

guestfs_add_libvirt_dom_va

 int
 guestfs_add_libvirt_dom_va (guestfs_h *g,
                             void * /* really virDomainPtr */ dom,
                             va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_add_libvirt_dom''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_add_libvirt_dom_argv

 int
 guestfs_add_libvirt_dom_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                               void * /* really virDomainPtr */ dom,
                               const struct guestfs_add_libvirt_dom_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_add_libvirt_dom''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_aug_clear

 int
 guestfs_aug_clear (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *augpath);

Set the value associated with "path" to "NULL". This is the same as the augtool(1) "clear" command.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.4 において追加)

guestfs_aug_close

 int
 guestfs_aug_close (guestfs_h *g);

Close the current Augeas handle and free up any resources used by it. After calling this, you have to call "guestfs_aug_init" again before you can use any other Augeas functions.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_defnode

 struct guestfs_int_bool *
 guestfs_aug_defnode (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *name,
                      const char *expr,
                      const char *val);

その値が "expr" を評価した結果である変数 "name" を定義します。

"expr" が空のノードセットであると評価された場合、ノードが作成されます。"guestfs_aug_set" "expr", "value" を呼び出すことと同等です。"name" は単一のノードを含むノードセットです。

成功した場合、ノードセットに含まれるノード数を含むペアが返されます。また、ノードが作成されたかどうかの論理フラグが返されます。

この関数は "struct guestfs_int_bool *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_int_bool" を呼び出す必要があります

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_defvar

 int
 guestfs_aug_defvar (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *name,
                     const char *expr);

"expr" を評価した結果の値である Augeas 変数 "name" を定義します。 "expr"NULL ならば、 "name" が定義されません。

成功した場合、"expr" にあるノード数が返されます。または、"expr" がノードセット以外のものであると評価された場合、0 が返されます。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_get

 char *
 guestfs_aug_get (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *augpath);

"path" と関連づけられた値を検索します。"path" がちょうど一つのノードと一致した場合、"value" が返されます。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_init

 int
 guestfs_aug_init (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *root,
                   int flags);

Create a new Augeas handle for editing configuration files. If there was any previous Augeas handle associated with this guestfs session, then it is closed.

あらゆる他の "guestfs_aug_*" コマンドを使用する前に、これを呼び出す必要があります。

"root" is the filesystem root. "root" must not be NULL, use / instead.

The flags are the same as the flags defined in <augeas.h>, the logical or of the following integers:

"AUG_SAVE_BACKUP" = 1
".augsave" 拡張子を付けて元のファイルを保持します。
"AUG_SAVE_NEWFILE" = 2
拡張子 ".augnew" を付けたファイルに変更点を保存し、元を上書きしません。"AUG_SAVE_BACKUP" を上書きします。
"AUG_TYPE_CHECK" = 4
Typecheck lenses.

This option is only useful when debugging Augeas lenses. Use of this option may require additional memory for the libguestfs appliance. You may need to set the "LIBGUESTFS_MEMSIZE" environment variable or call "guestfs_set_memsize".

"AUG_NO_STDINC" = 8
モジュールの標準的な読み込みパスを使用しません。
"AUG_SAVE_NOOP" = 16
Make save a no-op, just record what would have been changed.
"AUG_NO_LOAD" = 32
"guestfs_aug_init" にツリーを読み込みません。

ハンドルを閉じるために "guestfs_aug_close" を呼び出せます。

Augeas に関する詳細は http://augeas.net/ を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_insert

 int
 guestfs_aug_insert (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *augpath,
                     const char *label,
                     int before);

Create a new sibling "label" for "path", inserting it into the tree before or after "path" (depending on the boolean flag "before").

"path" must match exactly one existing node in the tree, and "label" must be a label, ie. not contain /, "*" or end with a bracketed index "[N]".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_label

 char *
 guestfs_aug_label (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *augpath);

The label (name of the last element) of the Augeas path expression "augpath" is returned. "augpath" must match exactly one node, else this function returns an error.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.23.14)

guestfs_aug_load

 int
 guestfs_aug_load (guestfs_h *g);

ファイルをツリーの中に読み込みます

See "aug_load" in the Augeas documentation for the full gory details.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_ls

 char **
 guestfs_aug_ls (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *augpath);

This is just a shortcut for listing "guestfs_aug_match" "path/*" and sorting the resulting nodes into alphabetical order.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_aug_match

 char **
 guestfs_aug_match (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *augpath);

Returns a list of paths which match the path expression "path". The returned paths are sufficiently qualified so that they match exactly one node in the current tree.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_mv

 int
 guestfs_aug_mv (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *src,
                 const char *dest);

ノード "src""dest" に移動します。 "src" はただ一つのノードである必要があります。 "dest" は存在すると上書きされます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_rm

 int
 guestfs_aug_rm (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *augpath);

"path" とすべての子を削除します。

成功すると、これは削除された項目の数が返します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_save

 int
 guestfs_aug_save (guestfs_h *g);

これにより、すべての保留の変更がディスクに書き込まれます。

The flags which were passed to "guestfs_aug_init" affect exactly how files are saved.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_set

 int
 guestfs_aug_set (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *augpath,
                  const char *val);

Set the value associated with "path" to "val".

In the Augeas API, it is possible to clear a node by setting the value to NULL. Due to an oversight in the libguestfs API you cannot do that with this call. Instead you must use the "guestfs_aug_clear" call.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_aug_setm

 int
 guestfs_aug_setm (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *base,
                   const char *sub,
                   const char *val);

Change multiple Augeas nodes in a single operation. "base" is an expression matching multiple nodes. "sub" is a path expression relative to "base". All nodes matching "base" are found, and then for each node, "sub" is changed to "val". "sub" may also be "NULL" in which case the "base" nodes are modified.

This returns the number of nodes modified.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.23.14)

guestfs_available

 int
 guestfs_available (guestfs_h *g,
                    char *const *groups);

This command is used to check the availability of some groups of functionality in the appliance, which not all builds of the libguestfs appliance will be able to provide.

The libguestfs groups, and the functions that those groups correspond to, are listed in ``AVAILABILITY''. You can also fetch this list at runtime by calling "guestfs_available_all_groups".

The argument "groups" is a list of group names, eg: "["inotify", "augeas"]" would check for the availability of the Linux inotify functions and Augeas (configuration file editing) functions.

The command returns no error if all requested groups are available.

It fails with an error if one or more of the requested groups is unavailable in the appliance.

If an unknown group name is included in the list of groups then an error is always returned.

注記:

  • "guestfs_feature_available" is the same as this call, but with a slightly simpler to use API: that call returns a boolean true/false instead of throwing an error.
  • この関数を呼び出す前に "guestfs_launch" を呼び出す必要があります。

    The reason is because we don't know what groups are supported by the appliance/daemon until it is running and can be queried.

  • If a group of functions is available, this does not necessarily mean that they will work. You still have to check for errors when calling individual API functions even if they are available.
  • It is usually the job of distro packagers to build complete functionality into the libguestfs appliance. Upstream libguestfs, if built from source with all requirements satisfied, will support everything.
  • This call was added in version 1.0.80. In previous versions of libguestfs all you could do would be to speculatively execute a command to find out if the daemon implemented it. See also "guestfs_version".

"guestfs_filesystem_available" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.80 において追加)

guestfs_available_all_groups

 char **
 guestfs_available_all_groups (guestfs_h *g);

This command returns a list of all optional groups that this daemon knows about. Note this returns both supported and unsupported groups. To find out which ones the daemon can actually support you have to call "guestfs_available" / "guestfs_feature_available" on each member of the returned list.

"guestfs_available", "guestfs_feature_available" および ``AVAILABILITY'' 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.3.15 において追加)

guestfs_base64_in

 int
 guestfs_base64_in (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *base64file,
                    const char *filename);

This command uploads base64-encoded data from "base64file" to filename.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.5 において追加)

guestfs_base64_out

 int
 guestfs_base64_out (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *filename,
                     const char *base64file);

This command downloads the contents of filename, writing it out to local file "base64file" encoded as base64.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.5 において追加)

guestfs_blkdiscard

 int
 guestfs_blkdiscard (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device);

This discards all blocks on the block device "device", giving the free space back to the host.

This operation requires support in libguestfs, the host filesystem, qemu and the host kernel. If this support isn't present it may give an error or even appear to run but do nothing. You must also set the "discard" attribute on the underlying drive (see "guestfs_add_drive_opts").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "blkdiscard". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.25.44)

guestfs_blkdiscardzeroes

 int
 guestfs_blkdiscardzeroes (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *device);

This call returns true if blocks on "device" that have been discarded by a call to "guestfs_blkdiscard" are returned as blocks of zero bytes when read the next time.

If it returns false, then it may be that discarded blocks are read as stale or random data.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

This function depends on the feature "blkdiscardzeroes". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.25.44)

guestfs_blkid

 char **
 guestfs_blkid (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *device);

This command returns block device attributes for "device". The following fields are usually present in the returned hash. Other fields may also be present.

"UUID"
このデバイスのUUID。
"LABEL"
このデバイスのラベル。
"VERSION"
blkid コマンドのバージョン。
"TYPE"
このデバイスのファイルシステム形式または RAID。
"USAGE"
このデバイスの使用法です。たとえば、"filesystem""raid"

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.15.9 において追加)

guestfs_blockdev_flushbufs

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_flushbufs (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *device);

"device" と関連づけられている内部バッファーをフラッシュするようカーネルに指示します。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_getbsz

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_getbsz (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device);

これはデバイスのブロック容量を返します。

Note: this is different from both size in blocks and filesystem block size. Also this setting is not really used by anything. You should probably not use it for anything. Filesystems have their own idea about what block size to choose.

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_getro

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_getro (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

ブロックデバイスが読み込み専用であるかどうかを示す論理値を返します(読み込み専用ならば真、そうでなければ偽)。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_getsize64

 int64_t
 guestfs_blockdev_getsize64 (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *device);

これはデバイスの容量をバイト単位で返します。

"guestfs_blockdev_getsz" 参照。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_getss

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_getss (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

これはブロックデバイスのセクター容量を返します。通常は 512 ですが、最近のデバイスはより大きいかもしれません。

(これはセクターのサイズではありません、そのためには "guestfs_blockdev_getsz" を使用する必要があることに注意してください)。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_getsz

 int64_t
 guestfs_blockdev_getsz (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

This returns the size of the device in units of 512-byte sectors (even if the sectorsize isn't 512 bytes ... weird).

See also "guestfs_blockdev_getss" for the real sector size of the device, and "guestfs_blockdev_getsize64" for the more useful size in bytes.

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_rereadpt

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_rereadpt (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device);

"device" のパーティションテーブルを再読み込みします。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_setbsz

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_setbsz (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          int blocksize);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mkfs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This call does nothing and has never done anything because of a bug in blockdev. Do not use it.

If you need to set the filesystem block size, use the "blocksize" option of "guestfs_mkfs".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_setra

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_setra (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device,
                         int sectors);

Set readahead (in 512-byte sectors) for the device.

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.10)

guestfs_blockdev_setro

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_setro (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

"device" という名前のブロックデバイスを読み込み専用に設定します。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_blockdev_setrw

 int
 guestfs_blockdev_setrw (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

"device" という名前のブロックデバイスを読み書きに設定します。

これは blockdev(8) コマンドを使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.9.3)

guestfs_btrfs_balance_cancel

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_balance_cancel (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *path);

Cancel a running balance on a btrfs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_balance_pause

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_balance_pause (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *path);

Pause a running balance on a btrfs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_balance_resume

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_balance_resume (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *path);

Resume a paused balance on a btrfs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_balance_status

 struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *
 guestfs_btrfs_balance_status (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *path);

Show the status of a running or paused balance on a btrfs filesystem.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_btrfsbalance" after use.

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.26)

guestfs_btrfs_device_add

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_device_add (guestfs_h *g,
                           char *const *devices,
                           const char *fs);

"devices" にあるデバイスの一覧を "fs" にマウントされた btrfs ファイルシステムに追加します。もし "devices" が空の一覧ならば、何もしません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_device_delete

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_device_delete (guestfs_h *g,
                              char *const *devices,
                              const char *fs);

"devices" にあるデバイスの一覧を "fs" にマウントされた btrfs ファイルシステムから削除します。もし "devices" が空の一覧ならば、何もしません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_balance

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_balance (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *fs);

Balance the chunks in the btrfs filesystem mounted at "fs" across the underlying devices.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment (guestfs_h *g,
                                      const char *path,
                                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_FILESYSTEM_DEFRAGMENT_FLUSH, int flush,
 GUESTFS_BTRFS_FILESYSTEM_DEFRAGMENT_COMPRESS, const char *compress,

Defragment a file or directory on a btrfs filesystem. compress is one of zlib or lzo.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                         const char *path,
                                         va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                           const char *path,
                                           const struct guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize (guestfs_h *g,
                                  const char *mountpoint,
                                  ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_FILESYSTEM_RESIZE_SIZE, int64_t size,

このコマンドは btrfs ファイルシステムの容量を変更します。

Note that unlike other resize calls, the filesystem has to be mounted and the parameter is the mountpoint not the device (this is a requirement of btrfs itself).

オプションのパラメーターは次のとおりです:

"size"
ファイルシステムの新しい容量(バイト単位)。省略されると、ファイルシステムは最大の容量に変更されます。

btrfs(8) 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.11.17 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *mountpoint,
                                     va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                       const char *mountpoint,
                                       const struct guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_sync

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_sync (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *fs);

"fs" にマウントされた btrfs ファイルシステムにおいて強制同期します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_fsck

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_fsck (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_FSCK_SUPERBLOCK, int64_t superblock,
 GUESTFS_BTRFS_FSCK_REPAIR, int repair,

btrfs ファイルシステムをチェックするために使用されると、"device" はファイルシステムが保存されているデバイスファイルです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.43 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_fsck_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_fsck_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_btrfs_fsck'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_fsck_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_fsck_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          const struct guestfs_btrfs_fsck_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_btrfs_fsck'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_image

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_image (guestfs_h *g,
                      char *const *source,
                      const char *image,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_IMAGE_COMPRESSLEVEL, int compresslevel,

This is used to create an image of a btrfs filesystem. All data will be zeroed, but metadata and the like is preserved.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.32)

guestfs_btrfs_image_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_image_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         char *const *source,
                         const char *image,
                         va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_image''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_image_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_image_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           char *const *source,
                           const char *image,
                           const struct guestfs_btrfs_image_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_image''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_assign

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_assign (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *src,
                              const char *dst,
                              const char *path);

Add qgroup "src" to parent qgroup "dst". This command can group several qgroups into a parent qgroup to share common limit.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_create

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_create (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *qgroupid,
                              const char *subvolume);

Create a quota group (qgroup) for subvolume at "subvolume".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_destroy

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_destroy (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *qgroupid,
                               const char *subvolume);

Destroy a quota group.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_limit

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_limit (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *subvolume,
                             int64_t size);

Limit the size of a subvolume which's path is "subvolume". "size" can have suffix of G, M, or K.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_remove

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_remove (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *src,
                              const char *dst,
                              const char *path);

Remove qgroup "src" from the parent qgroup "dst".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_show

 struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *
 guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_show (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path);

Show all subvolume quota groups in a btrfs filesystem, including their usages.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_btrfsqgroup_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_quota_enable

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_quota_enable (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *fs,
                             int enable);

Enable or disable subvolume quota support for filesystem which contains "path".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_quota_rescan

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_quota_rescan (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *fs);

Trash all qgroup numbers and scan the metadata again with the current config.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_replace

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_replace (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *srcdev,
                        const char *targetdev,
                        const char *mntpoint);

Replace device of a btrfs filesystem. On a live filesystem, duplicate the data to the target device which is currently stored on the source device. After completion of the operation, the source device is wiped out and removed from the filesystem.

The "targetdev" needs to be same size or larger than the "srcdev". Devices which are currently mounted are never allowed to be used as the "targetdev".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.48)

guestfs_btrfs_rescue_chunk_recover

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_rescue_chunk_recover (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *device);

Recover the chunk tree of btrfs filesystem by scanning the devices one by one.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_rescue_super_recover

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_rescue_super_recover (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *device);

Recover bad superblocks from good copies.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_scrub_cancel

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_scrub_cancel (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *path);

Cancel a running scrub on a btrfs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_scrub_resume

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_scrub_resume (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *path);

Resume a previously canceled or interrupted scrub on a btrfs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_scrub_start

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_scrub_start (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path);

Reads all the data and metadata on the filesystem, and uses checksums and the duplicate copies from RAID storage to identify and repair any corrupt data.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.22)

guestfs_btrfs_scrub_status

 struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *
 guestfs_btrfs_scrub_status (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *path);

Show status of running or finished scrub on a btrfs filesystem.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_btrfsscrub" after use.

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.26)

guestfs_btrfs_set_seeding

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_set_seeding (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int seeding);

btrfs ファイルシステムを含むデバイスの seeding 機能を有効化または無効化します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.43 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *dest);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                                      const char *dest,
                                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_SUBVOLUME_CREATE_OPTS_QGROUPID, const char *qgroupid,

Create a btrfs subvolume. The "dest" argument is the destination directory and the name of the subvolume, in the form /path/to/dest/name. The optional parameter "qgroupid" represents the qgroup which the newly created subvolume will be added to.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                         const char *dest,
                                         va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                           const char *dest,
                                           const struct guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_delete

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_delete (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *subvolume);

Delete the named btrfs subvolume or snapshot.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_get_default

 int64_t
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_get_default (guestfs_h *g,
                                      const char *fs);

Get the default subvolume or snapshot of a filesystem mounted at "mountpoint".

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_list

 struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_list (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *fs);

"fs" にマウントされている btrfs ファイルシステムの btrfs スナップショットとサブディレクトリーを一覧表示します。

この関数は "struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *" を返します。エラーが発生した場合、NULL が返されます。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_btrfssubvolume_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_set_default

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_set_default (guestfs_h *g,
                                      int64_t id,
                                      const char *fs);

Set the subvolume of the btrfs filesystem "fs" which will be mounted by default. See "guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_list" to get a list of subvolumes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_show

 char **
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_show (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *subvolume);

Return detailed information of the subvolume.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *source,
                                   const char *dest);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                                        const char *source,
                                        const char *dest,
                                        ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_BTRFS_SUBVOLUME_SNAPSHOT_OPTS_RO, int ro,
 GUESTFS_BTRFS_SUBVOLUME_SNAPSHOT_OPTS_QGROUPID, const char *qgroupid,

Create a snapshot of the btrfs subvolume "source". The "dest" argument is the destination directory and the name of the snapshot, in the form /path/to/dest/name. By default the newly created snapshot is writable, if the value of optional parameter "ro" is true, then a readonly snapshot is created. The optional parameter "qgroupid" represents the qgroup which the newly created snapshot will be added to.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.35 において追加)

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                           const char *source,
                                           const char *dest,
                                           va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                             const char *source,
                                             const char *dest,
                                             const struct guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_btrfstune_enable_extended_inode_refs

 int
 guestfs_btrfstune_enable_extended_inode_refs (guestfs_h *g,
                                               const char *device);

This will Enable extended inode refs.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.29)

guestfs_btrfstune_enable_skinny_metadata_extent_refs

 int
 guestfs_btrfstune_enable_skinny_metadata_extent_refs (guestfs_h *g,
                                                       const char *device);

This enable skinny metadata extent refs.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.29)

guestfs_btrfstune_seeding

 int
 guestfs_btrfstune_seeding (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int seeding);

Enable seeding of a btrfs device, this will force a fs readonly so that you can use it to build other filesystems.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.29)

guestfs_c_pointer

 int64_t
 guestfs_c_pointer (guestfs_h *g);

In non-C language bindings, this allows you to retrieve the underlying C pointer to the handle (ie. "guestfs_h *"). The purpose of this is to allow other libraries to interwork with libguestfs.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.17)

guestfs_canonical_device_name

 char *
 guestfs_canonical_device_name (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *device);

This utility function is useful when displaying device names to the user. It takes a number of irregular device names and returns them in a consistent format:

/dev/hdX
/dev/vdX
These are returned as /dev/sdX. Note this works for device names and partition names. This is approximately the reverse of the algorithm described in ``BLOCK DEVICE NAMING''.
/dev/mapper/VG-LV
/dev/dm-N
Converted to /dev/VG/LV form using "guestfs_lvm_canonical_lv_name".

他の文字列は修正されずに返されます。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.7 において追加)

guestfs_cap_get_file

 char *
 guestfs_cap_get_file (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path);

This function returns the Linux capabilities attached to "path". The capabilities set is returned in text form (see cap_to_text(3)).

If no capabilities are attached to a file, an empty string is returned.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "linuxcaps". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.19.63)

guestfs_cap_set_file

 int
 guestfs_cap_set_file (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       const char *cap);

This function sets the Linux capabilities attached to "path". The capabilities set "cap" should be passed in text form (see cap_from_text(3)).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxcaps". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.19.63)

guestfs_case_sensitive_path

 char *
 guestfs_case_sensitive_path (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *path);

This can be used to resolve case insensitive paths on a filesystem which is case sensitive. The use case is to resolve paths which you have read from Windows configuration files or the Windows Registry, to the true path.

The command handles a peculiarity of the Linux ntfs-3g filesystem driver (and probably others), which is that although the underlying filesystem is case-insensitive, the driver exports the filesystem to Linux as case-sensitive.

One consequence of this is that special directories such as C:\windows may appear as /WINDOWS or /windows (or other things) depending on the precise details of how they were created. In Windows itself this would not be a problem.

バグか機能か?次を見て決めてください: http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-faq/#posixfilenames1

"guestfs_case_sensitive_path" attempts to resolve the true case of each element in the path. It will return a resolved path if either the full path or its parent directory exists. If the parent directory exists but the full path does not, the case of the parent directory will be correctly resolved, and the remainder appended unmodified. For example, if the file "/Windows/System32/netkvm.sys" exists:

"guestfs_case_sensitive_path" ("/windows/system32/netkvm.sys")
``Windows/System32/netkvm.sys''
"guestfs_case_sensitive_path" ("/windows/system32/NoSuchFile")
``Windows/System32/NoSuchFile''
"guestfs_case_sensitive_path" ("/windows/system33/netkvm.sys")
ERROR

Note: Because of the above behaviour, "guestfs_case_sensitive_path" cannot be used to check for the existence of a file.

Note: This function does not handle drive names, backslashes etc.

"guestfs_realpath" 参照。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.75 において追加)

guestfs_cat

 char *
 guestfs_cat (guestfs_h *g,
              const char *path);

"path" という名前のファイルの内容を返します。

Because, in C, this function returns a "char *", there is no way to differentiate between a "\0" character in a file and end of string. To handle binary files, use the "guestfs_read_file" or "guestfs_download" functions.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_checksum

 char *
 guestfs_checksum (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *csumtype,
                   const char *path);

この呼び出しは "path" という名前のファイルの MD5, SHAx または CRC チェックサムを計算します。

計算するチェックサムの種類は、以下の値のどれかである "csumtype" パラメーターにより与えられます:

"crc"
"cksum" コマンドに対して POSIX により指定された巡回冗長検査 (CRC: cyclic redundancy check) を計算します。
"md5"
"md5sum" プログラムを用いて)MD5 ハッシュを計算します。
"sha1"
"sha1sum" プログラムを用いて)SHA1 ハッシュを計算します。
"sha224"
"sha224sum" プログラムを用いて)SHA224 ハッシュを計算します。
"sha256"
"sha256sum" プログラムを用いて)SHA256 ハッシュを計算します。
"sha384"
"sha384sum" プログラムを用いて)SHA384 ハッシュを計算します。
"sha512"
"sha512sum" プログラムを用いて)SHA512 ハッシュを計算します。

チェックサムは表示可能な文字列として返されます。

デバイスのチェックサムを取得するには "guestfs_checksum_device" を使用します。

多くのファイルのチェックサムを取得するには "guestfs_checksums_out" を使用します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_checksum_device

 char *
 guestfs_checksum_device (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *csumtype,
                          const char *device);

This call computes the MD5, SHAx or CRC checksum of the contents of the device named "device". For the types of checksums supported see the "guestfs_checksum" command.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_checksums_out

 int
 guestfs_checksums_out (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *csumtype,
                        const char *directory,
                        const char *sumsfile);

This command computes the checksums of all regular files in directory and then emits a list of those checksums to the local output file "sumsfile".

This can be used for verifying the integrity of a virtual machine. However to be properly secure you should pay attention to the output of the checksum command (it uses the ones from GNU coreutils). In particular when the filename is not printable, coreutils uses a special backslash syntax. For more information, see the GNU coreutils info file.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.7 において追加)

guestfs_chmod

 int
 guestfs_chmod (guestfs_h *g,
                int mode,
                const char *path);

Change the mode (permissions) of "path" to "mode". Only numeric modes are supported.

Note: When using this command from guestfish, "mode" by default would be decimal, unless you prefix it with 0 to get octal, ie. use 0700 not 700.

実際に設定されるモードは umask により影響されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_chown

 int
 guestfs_chown (guestfs_h *g,
                int owner,
                int group,
                const char *path);

ファイルの所有者を "owner" に、グループを "group" に変更します。

Only numeric uid and gid are supported. If you want to use names, you will need to locate and parse the password file yourself (Augeas support makes this relatively easy).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_clear_backend_setting

 int
 guestfs_clear_backend_setting (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *name);

If there is a backend setting string matching "name" or beginning with "name=", then that string is removed from the backend settings.

This call returns the number of strings which were removed (which may be 0, 1 or greater than 1).

See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.27.2)

guestfs_command

 char *
 guestfs_command (guestfs_h *g,
                  char *const *arguments);

This call runs a command from the guest filesystem. The filesystem must be mounted, and must contain a compatible operating system (ie. something Linux, with the same or compatible processor architecture).

The single parameter is an argv-style list of arguments. The first element is the name of the program to run. Subsequent elements are parameters. The list must be non-empty (ie. must contain a program name). Note that the command runs directly, and is not invoked via the shell (see "guestfs_sh").

The return value is anything printed to stdout by the command.

If the command returns a non-zero exit status, then this function returns an error message. The error message string is the content of stderr from the command.

The $PATH environment variable will contain at least /usr/bin and /bin. If you require a program from another location, you should provide the full path in the first parameter.

Shared libraries and data files required by the program must be available on filesystems which are mounted in the correct places. It is the caller's responsibility to ensure all filesystems that are needed are mounted at the right locations.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(Added in 1.9.1)

guestfs_command_lines

 char **
 guestfs_command_lines (guestfs_h *g,
                        char *const *arguments);

This is the same as "guestfs_command", but splits the result into a list of lines.

関連項目: "guestfs_sh_lines"

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(Added in 1.9.1)

guestfs_compress_device_out

 int
 guestfs_compress_device_out (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *ctype,
                              const char *device,
                              const char *zdevice,
                              ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COMPRESS_DEVICE_OUT_LEVEL, int level,

This command compresses "device" and writes it out to the local file "zdevice".

"ctype" およびオプションの "level" パラメーターは "guestfs_compress_out" におけるものと同じ意味です。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.13.15 において追加)

guestfs_compress_device_out_va

 int
 guestfs_compress_device_out_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *ctype,
                                 const char *device,
                                 const char *zdevice,
                                 va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_compress_device_out'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_compress_device_out_argv

 int
 guestfs_compress_device_out_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *ctype,
                                   const char *device,
                                   const char *zdevice,
                                   const struct guestfs_compress_device_out_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_compress_device_out'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_compress_out

 int
 guestfs_compress_out (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *ctype,
                       const char *file,
                       const char *zfile,
                       ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COMPRESS_OUT_LEVEL, int level,

This command compresses file and writes it out to the local file zfile.

The compression program used is controlled by the "ctype" parameter. Currently this includes: "compress", "gzip", "bzip2", "xz" or "lzop". Some compression types may not be supported by particular builds of libguestfs, in which case you will get an error containing the substring ``not supported''.

The optional "level" parameter controls compression level. The meaning and default for this parameter depends on the compression program being used.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.13.15 において追加)

guestfs_compress_out_va

 int
 guestfs_compress_out_va (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *ctype,
                          const char *file,
                          const char *zfile,
                          va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_compress_out'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_compress_out_argv

 int
 guestfs_compress_out_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *ctype,
                            const char *file,
                            const char *zfile,
                            const struct guestfs_compress_out_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_compress_out'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_config

 int
 guestfs_config (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *hvparam,
                 const char *hvvalue);

This can be used to add arbitrary hypervisor parameters of the form -param value. Actually it's not quite arbitrary - we prevent you from setting some parameters which would interfere with parameters that we use.

The first character of "hvparam" string must be a "-" (dash).

"hvvalue" can be NULL.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_copy_attributes

 int
 guestfs_copy_attributes (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *src,
                          const char *dest,
                          ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COPY_ATTRIBUTES_ALL, int all,
 GUESTFS_COPY_ATTRIBUTES_MODE, int mode,
 GUESTFS_COPY_ATTRIBUTES_XATTRIBUTES, int xattributes,
 GUESTFS_COPY_ATTRIBUTES_OWNERSHIP, int ownership,

Copy the attributes of a path (which can be a file or a directory) to another path.

By default "no" attribute is copied, so make sure to specify any (or "all" to copy everything).

The optional arguments specify which attributes can be copied:

"mode"
Copy part of the file mode from "source" to "destination". Only the UNIX permissions and the sticky/setuid/setgid bits can be copied.
"xattributes"
Copy the Linux extended attributes (xattrs) from "source" to "destination". This flag does nothing if the linuxxattrs feature is not available (see "guestfs_feature_available").
"ownership"
Copy the owner uid and the group gid of "source" to "destination".
"all"
Copy all the attributes from "source" to "destination". Enabling it enables all the other flags, if they are not specified already.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.25.21)

guestfs_copy_attributes_va

 int
 guestfs_copy_attributes_va (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *src,
                             const char *dest,
                             va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_copy_attributes''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_attributes_argv

 int
 guestfs_copy_attributes_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *src,
                               const char *dest,
                               const struct guestfs_copy_attributes_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_copy_attributes''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_device_to_device

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_device (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *src,
                                const char *dest,
                                ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_SRCOFFSET, int64_t srcoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_DESTOFFSET, int64_t destoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_SIZE, int64_t size,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_SPARSE, int sparse,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_DEVICE_APPEND, int append,

4 つの呼び出し "guestfs_copy_device_to_device", "guestfs_copy_device_to_file", "guestfs_copy_file_to_device", および "guestfs_copy_file_to_file" は、ソース (デバイス|ファイル) から宛先 (デバイス|ファイル) にコピーできます。

Partial copies can be made since you can specify optionally the source offset, destination offset and size to copy. These values are all specified in bytes. If not given, the offsets both default to zero, and the size defaults to copying as much as possible until we hit the end of the source.

ソースと宛先は同じオブジェクトである可能性があります。しかしながら、重なり合う領域は正しくコピーされないかもしれません。

宛先がファイルならば、必要に応じて作成されます。宛先ファイルが十分に大きくなければ、拡張されます。

If the destination is a file and the "append" flag is not set, then the destination file is truncated. If the "append" flag is set, then the copy appends to the destination file. The "append" flag currently cannot be set for devices.

If the "sparse" flag is true then the call avoids writing blocks that contain only zeroes, which can help in some situations where the backing disk is thin-provisioned. Note that unless the target is already zeroed, using this option will result in incorrect copying.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.13.25 において追加)

guestfs_copy_device_to_device_va

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_device_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *src,
                                   const char *dest,
                                   va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_device_to_device_argv

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_device_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *src,
                                     const char *dest,
                                     const struct guestfs_copy_device_to_device_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_device_to_file

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_file (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *src,
                              const char *dest,
                              ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_FILE_SRCOFFSET, int64_t srcoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_FILE_DESTOFFSET, int64_t destoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_FILE_SIZE, int64_t size,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_FILE_SPARSE, int sparse,
 GUESTFS_COPY_DEVICE_TO_FILE_APPEND, int append,

この呼び出しの一般的な概要は "guestfs_copy_device_to_device" を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.13.25 において追加)

guestfs_copy_device_to_file_va

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_file_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *src,
                                 const char *dest,
                                 va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_copy_device_to_file'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_device_to_file_argv

 int
 guestfs_copy_device_to_file_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *src,
                                   const char *dest,
                                   const struct guestfs_copy_device_to_file_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_copy_device_to_file'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_file_to_device

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_device (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *src,
                              const char *dest,
                              ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_DEVICE_SRCOFFSET, int64_t srcoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_DEVICE_DESTOFFSET, int64_t destoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_DEVICE_SIZE, int64_t size,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_DEVICE_SPARSE, int sparse,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_DEVICE_APPEND, int append,

この呼び出しの一般的な概要は "guestfs_copy_device_to_device" を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.13.25 において追加)

guestfs_copy_file_to_device_va

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_device_va (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *src,
                                 const char *dest,
                                 va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_copy_file_to_device'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_file_to_device_argv

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_device_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *src,
                                   const char *dest,
                                   const struct guestfs_copy_file_to_device_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_copy_file_to_device'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_file_to_file

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_file (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *src,
                            const char *dest,
                            ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_FILE_SRCOFFSET, int64_t srcoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_FILE_DESTOFFSET, int64_t destoffset,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_FILE_SIZE, int64_t size,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_FILE_SPARSE, int sparse,
 GUESTFS_COPY_FILE_TO_FILE_APPEND, int append,

この呼び出しの一般的な概要は "guestfs_copy_device_to_device" を参照してください。

This is not the function you want for copying files. This is for copying blocks within existing files. See "guestfs_cp", "guestfs_cp_a" and "guestfs_mv" for general file copying and moving functions.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.13.25 において追加)

guestfs_copy_file_to_file_va

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_file_va (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *src,
                               const char *dest,
                               va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_copy_file_to_file'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_file_to_file_argv

 int
 guestfs_copy_file_to_file_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *src,
                                 const char *dest,
                                 const struct guestfs_copy_file_to_file_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_copy_file_to_file'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_copy_in

 int
 guestfs_copy_in (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *localpath,
                  const char *remotedir);

"guestfs_copy_in" copies local files or directories recursively into the disk image, placing them in the directory called "remotedir" (which must exist).

Wildcards cannot be used.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.24)

guestfs_copy_out

 int
 guestfs_copy_out (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *remotepath,
                   const char *localdir);

"guestfs_copy_out" copies remote files or directories recursively out of the disk image, placing them on the host disk in a local directory called "localdir" (which must exist).

To download to the current directory, use "." as in:

 C<guestfs_copy_out> /home .

Wildcards cannot be used.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.24)

guestfs_copy_size

 int
 guestfs_copy_size (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *src,
                    const char *dest,
                    int64_t size);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command copies exactly "size" bytes from one source device or file "src" to another destination device or file "dest".

Note this will fail if the source is too short or if the destination is not large enough.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_cp

 int
 guestfs_cp (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *src,
             const char *dest);

ファイルを "src" から "dest" にコピーします。ここで "dest" は宛先ファイル名または宛先ディレクトリです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_cp_a

 int
 guestfs_cp_a (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *src,
               const char *dest);

ファイルまたはディレクトリを "src" から "dest""cp -a" コマンドを使用して再帰的にコピーします。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_cp_r

 int
 guestfs_cp_r (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *src,
               const char *dest);

This copies a file or directory from "src" to "dest" recursively using the "cp -rP" command.

Most users should use "guestfs_cp_a" instead. This command is useful when you don't want to preserve permissions, because the target filesystem does not support it (primarily when writing to DOS FAT filesystems).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.21.38 において追加)

guestfs_cpio_out

 int
 guestfs_cpio_out (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *directory,
                   const char *cpiofile,
                   ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_CPIO_OUT_FORMAT, const char *format,

This command packs the contents of directory and downloads it to local file "cpiofile".

The optional "format" parameter can be used to select the format. Only the following formats are currently permitted:

"newc"
New (SVR4) portable format. This format happens to be compatible with the cpio-like format used by the Linux kernel for initramfs.

This is the default format.

"crc"
New (SVR4) portable format with a checksum.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.27.9)

guestfs_cpio_out_va

 int
 guestfs_cpio_out_va (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *directory,
                      const char *cpiofile,
                      va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_cpio_out''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_cpio_out_argv

 int
 guestfs_cpio_out_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *directory,
                        const char *cpiofile,
                        const struct guestfs_cpio_out_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_cpio_out''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_dd

 int
 guestfs_dd (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *src,
             const char *dest);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_copy_device_to_device'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command copies from one source device or file "src" to another destination device or file "dest". Normally you would use this to copy to or from a device or partition, for example to duplicate a filesystem.

If the destination is a device, it must be as large or larger than the source file or device, otherwise the copy will fail. This command cannot do partial copies (see "guestfs_copy_device_to_device").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.80 において追加)

guestfs_device_index

 int
 guestfs_device_index (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device);

この関数はデバイス名 (例: ``/dev/sdb'') を取得し、デバイスの一覧にあるデバイスのインデックスを返します。

Index numbers start from 0. The named device must exist, for example as a string returned from "guestfs_list_devices".

"guestfs_list_devices", "guestfs_part_to_dev" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.7 において追加)

guestfs_df

 char *
 guestfs_df (guestfs_h *g);

このコマンドはディスク使用状況を報告するために "df" コマンドを実行します。

This command is mostly useful for interactive sessions. It is not intended that you try to parse the output string. Use "guestfs_statvfs" from programs.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_df_h

 char *
 guestfs_df_h (guestfs_h *g);

このコマンドはディスク使用状況を読みやすい形式で報告するために "df -h" コマンドを実行します。

This command is mostly useful for interactive sessions. It is not intended that you try to parse the output string. Use "guestfs_statvfs" from programs.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_disk_create

 int
 guestfs_disk_create (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *filename,
                      const char *format,
                      int64_t size,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_DISK_CREATE_BACKINGFILE, const char *backingfile,
 GUESTFS_DISK_CREATE_BACKINGFORMAT, const char *backingformat,
 GUESTFS_DISK_CREATE_PREALLOCATION, const char *preallocation,
 GUESTFS_DISK_CREATE_COMPAT, const char *compat,
 GUESTFS_DISK_CREATE_CLUSTERSIZE, int clustersize,

Create a blank disk image called filename (a host file) with format "format" (usually "raw" or "qcow2"). The size is "size" bytes.

If used with the optional "backingfile" parameter, then a snapshot is created on top of the backing file. In this case, "size" must be passed as "-1". The size of the snapshot is the same as the size of the backing file, which is discovered automatically. You are encouraged to also pass "backingformat" to describe the format of "backingfile".

If filename refers to a block device, then the device is formatted. The "size" is ignored since block devices have an intrinsic size.

The other optional parameters are:

"preallocation"
If format is "raw", then this can be either "off" (or "sparse") or "full" to create a sparse or fully allocated file respectively. The default is "off".

If format is "qcow2", then this can be "off" (or "sparse"), "metadata" or "full". Preallocating metadata can be faster when doing lots of writes, but uses more space. The default is "off".

"compat"
"qcow2" only: Pass the string 1.1 to use the advanced qcow2 format supported by qemu ≥ 1.1.
"clustersize"
"qcow2" only: Change the qcow2 cluster size. The default is 65536 (bytes) and this setting may be any power of two between 512 and 2097152.

Note that this call does not add the new disk to the handle. You may need to call "guestfs_add_drive_opts" separately.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.25.31)

guestfs_disk_create_va

 int
 guestfs_disk_create_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *filename,
                         const char *format,
                         int64_t size,
                         va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_disk_create''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_disk_create_argv

 int
 guestfs_disk_create_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *filename,
                           const char *format,
                           int64_t size,
                           const struct guestfs_disk_create_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_disk_create''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_disk_format

 char *
 guestfs_disk_format (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *filename);

Detect and return the format of the disk image called filename. filename can also be a host device, etc. If the format of the image could not be detected, then "unknown" is returned.

Note that detecting the disk format can be insecure under some circumstances. See ``CVE-2010-3851''.

関連項目: ``ディスクイメージ形式''

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.38 において追加)

guestfs_disk_has_backing_file

 int
 guestfs_disk_has_backing_file (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *filename);

Detect and return whether the disk image filename has a backing file.

Note that detecting disk features can be insecure under some circumstances. See ``CVE-2010-3851''.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.19.39 にて追加)

guestfs_disk_virtual_size

 int64_t
 guestfs_disk_virtual_size (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *filename);

Detect and return the virtual size in bytes of the disk image called filename.

Note that detecting disk features can be insecure under some circumstances. See ``CVE-2010-3851''.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.39 にて追加)

guestfs_dmesg

 char *
 guestfs_dmesg (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the kernel messages ("dmesg" output) from the guest kernel. This is sometimes useful for extended debugging of problems.

Another way to get the same information is to enable verbose messages with "guestfs_set_verbose" or by setting the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG=1" before running the program.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_download

 int
 guestfs_download (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *remotefilename,
                   const char *filename);

Download file remotefilename and save it as filename on the local machine.

filename can also be a named pipe.

"guestfs_upload", "guestfs_cat" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_download_offset

 int
 guestfs_download_offset (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *remotefilename,
                          const char *filename,
                          int64_t offset,
                          int64_t size);

Download file remotefilename and save it as filename on the local machine.

remotefilename is read for "size" bytes starting at "offset" (this region must be within the file or device).

Note that there is no limit on the amount of data that can be downloaded with this call, unlike with "guestfs_pread", and this call always reads the full amount unless an error occurs.

"guestfs_download", "guestfs_pread" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.5.17 において追加)

guestfs_drop_caches

 int
 guestfs_drop_caches (guestfs_h *g,
                      int whattodrop);

This instructs the guest kernel to drop its page cache, and/or dentries and inode caches. The parameter "whattodrop" tells the kernel what precisely to drop, see http://linux-mm.org/Drop_Caches

"whattodrop" を 3 に設定することにより、すべてのものを破棄します。

This automatically calls sync(2) before the operation, so that the maximum guest memory is freed.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_du

 int64_t
 guestfs_du (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *path);

このコマンドは "path" のファイル空間使用量を見積もるために "du -s" コマンドを実行します。

"path" can be a file or a directory. If "path" is a directory then the estimate includes the contents of the directory and all subdirectories (recursively).

結果は キロバイト (つまり 1024 バイトの単位) の見積もり容量です。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_e2fsck

 int
 guestfs_e2fsck (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device,
                 ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_E2FSCK_CORRECT, int correct,
 GUESTFS_E2FSCK_FORCEALL, int forceall,

This runs the ext2/ext3 filesystem checker on "device". It can take the following optional arguments:

"correct"
Automatically repair the file system. This option will cause e2fsck to automatically fix any filesystem problems that can be safely fixed without human intervention.

This option may not be specified at the same time as the "forceall" option.

"forceall"
すべての質問に対して 'yes' の回答をすると仮定します。e2fsck が非対話的に使用できます。

このオプションは "correct" オプションと同時に指定できません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.15.17 において追加)

guestfs_e2fsck_va

 int
 guestfs_e2fsck_va (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_e2fsck'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_e2fsck_argv

 int
 guestfs_e2fsck_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      const struct guestfs_e2fsck_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_e2fsck'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_e2fsck_f

 int
 guestfs_e2fsck_f (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_e2fsck'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This runs "e2fsck -p -f device", ie. runs the ext2/ext3 filesystem checker on "device", noninteractively (-p), even if the filesystem appears to be clean (-f).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.29 において追加)

guestfs_echo_daemon

 char *
 guestfs_echo_daemon (guestfs_h *g,
                      char *const *words);

This command concatenates the list of "words" passed with single spaces between them and returns the resulting string.

You can use this command to test the connection through to the daemon.

"guestfs_ping_daemon" 参照。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.69 において追加)

guestfs_egrep

 char **
 guestfs_egrep (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *regex,
                const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "egrep" プログラムを呼び出し、一致した行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_egrepi

 char **
 guestfs_egrepi (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *regex,
                 const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "egrep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致した行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_equal

 int
 guestfs_equal (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *file1,
                const char *file2);

This compares the two files file1 and file2 and returns true if their content is exactly equal, or false otherwise.

外部の cmp(1) プログラムが比較のために使用されます。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_exists

 int
 guestfs_exists (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *path);

This returns "true" if and only if there is a file, directory (or anything) with the given "path" name.

"guestfs_is_file", "guestfs_is_dir", "guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_extlinux

 int
 guestfs_extlinux (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *directory);

Install the SYSLINUX bootloader on the device mounted at directory. Unlike "guestfs_syslinux" which requires a FAT filesystem, this can be used on an ext2/3/4 or btrfs filesystem.

The directory parameter can be either a mountpoint, or a directory within the mountpoint.

You also have to mark the partition as ``active'' ("guestfs_part_set_bootable") and a Master Boot Record must be installed (eg. using "guestfs_pwrite_device") on the first sector of the whole disk. The SYSLINUX package comes with some suitable Master Boot Records. See the extlinux(1) man page for further information.

Additional configuration can be supplied to SYSLINUX by placing a file called extlinux.conf on the filesystem under directory. For further information about the contents of this file, see extlinux(1).

"guestfs_syslinux" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "extlinux". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.21.27 において追加)

guestfs_fallocate

 int
 guestfs_fallocate (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path,
                    int len);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_fallocate64'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command preallocates a file (containing zero bytes) named "path" of size "len" bytes. If the file exists already, it is overwritten.

Do not confuse this with the guestfish-specific "alloc" command which allocates a file in the host and attaches it as a device.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_fallocate64

 int
 guestfs_fallocate64 (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path,
                      int64_t len);

This command preallocates a file (containing zero bytes) named "path" of size "len" bytes. If the file exists already, it is overwritten.

Note that this call allocates disk blocks for the file. To create a sparse file use "guestfs_truncate_size" instead.

The deprecated call "guestfs_fallocate" does the same, but owing to an oversight it only allowed 30 bit lengths to be specified, effectively limiting the maximum size of files created through that call to 1GB.

Do not confuse this with the guestfish-specific "alloc" and "sparse" commands which create a file in the host and attach it as a device.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.17 において追加)

guestfs_feature_available

 int
 guestfs_feature_available (guestfs_h *g,
                            char *const *groups);

This is the same as "guestfs_available", but unlike that call it returns a simple true/false boolean result, instead of throwing an exception if a feature is not found. For other documentation see "guestfs_available".

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.21.26 において追加)

guestfs_fgrep

 char **
 guestfs_fgrep (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *pattern,
                const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This calls the external "fgrep" program and returns the matching lines.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_fgrepi

 char **
 guestfs_fgrepi (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *pattern,
                 const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

外部の "fgrep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致した行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_file

 char *
 guestfs_file (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

この呼び出しは、ファイルの形式または内容を決定するために、標準的な file(1) コマンドを使用します。

This call will also transparently look inside various types of compressed file.

The exact command which runs is "file -zb path". Note in particular that the filename is not prepended to the output (the -b option).

The output depends on the output of the underlying file(1) command and it can change in future in ways beyond our control. In other words, the output is not guaranteed by the ABI.

関連項目: file(1), "guestfs_vfs_type", "guestfs_lstat", "guestfs_is_file", "guestfs_is_blockdev" (etc), "guestfs_is_zero".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.9.1)

guestfs_file_architecture

 char *
 guestfs_file_architecture (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *filename);

This detects the architecture of the binary filename, and returns it if known.

現在定義されているアーキテクチャーは次のとおりです:

"i386"
この文字列は、バイナリーの正確なプロセッサー要求にかかわりなく、すべての 32 ビット i386, i486, i586, i686 バイナリーに対して返されます。
"x86_64"
64 ビット x86-64.
"sparc"
32 ビット SPARC.
"sparc64"
64 ビット SPARC V9 およびそれ以降.
"ia64"
Intel Itanium.
"ppc"
32 ビット Power PC.
"ppc64"
64 ビット Power PC.
"arm"
32 bit ARM.
"aarch64"
64 bit ARM.

libguestfs は将来他のアーキテクチャー文字列を返すかもしれません。

この関数は少なくとも以下の種類のファイルにおいて機能します:

  • 多くの種類の Un*x および Linux バイナリー
  • 多くの種類の Un*x および Linux 共有ライブラリー
  • Windows Win32 および Win64 バイナリー
  • Windows Win32 および Win64 DLL

    Win32 バイナリーと DLL"i386" を返します。

    Win64 バイナリーと DLL"x86_64" を返します。

  • Linux カーネルモジュール
  • 新形式の Linux initrd イメージ
  • いくつかの非 x86 Linux vmlinuz カーネル

今のところ実行できないこと:

  • 静的ライブラリー (libfoo.a)
  • 圧縮された ext2 ファイルシステムとして Linux 旧形式の initrd (RHEL 3)
  • x86 Linux vmlinuz カーネル

    x86 vmlinuz images (bzImage format) consist of a mix of 16-, 32- and compressed code, and are horribly hard to unpack. If you want to find the architecture of a kernel, use the architecture of the associated initrd or kernel module(s) instead.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_filesize

 int64_t
 guestfs_filesize (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *file);

This command returns the size of file in bytes.

ファイルに関する他の統計情報を取得するには、"guestfs_stat", "guestfs_lstat", "guestfs_is_dir", "guestfs_is_file" などを使用します。ブロックデバイスの容量を取得するには、"guestfs_blockdev_getsize64" を使用します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.82 において追加)

guestfs_filesystem_available

 int
 guestfs_filesystem_available (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *filesystem);

Check whether libguestfs supports the named filesystem. The argument "filesystem" is a filesystem name, such as "ext3".

このコマンドを使用する前に "guestfs_launch" を呼び出す必要があります。

This is mainly useful as a negative test. If this returns true, it doesn't mean that a particular filesystem can be created or mounted, since filesystems can fail for other reasons such as it being a later version of the filesystem, or having incompatible features, or lacking the right mkfs.<fs> tool.

"guestfs_available", "guestfs_feature_available", ``AVAILABILITY'' 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.19.5 において追加)

guestfs_fill

 int
 guestfs_fill (guestfs_h *g,
               int c,
               int len,
               const char *path);

このコマンドは "path" という新しいファイルを作成します。初期の内容は "len" オクテットの "c" です。ここで "c""[0..255]" の範囲の数値である必要があります。

To fill a file with zero bytes (sparsely), it is much more efficient to use "guestfs_truncate_size". To create a file with a pattern of repeating bytes use "guestfs_fill_pattern".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.79 において追加)

guestfs_fill_dir

 int
 guestfs_fill_dir (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *dir,
                   int nr);

This function, useful for testing filesystems, creates "nr" empty files in the directory "dir" with names 00000000 through "nr-1" (ie. each file name is 8 digits long padded with zeroes).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.32 において追加)

guestfs_fill_pattern

 int
 guestfs_fill_pattern (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *pattern,
                       int len,
                       const char *path);

This function is like "guestfs_fill" except that it creates a new file of length "len" containing the repeating pattern of bytes in "pattern". The pattern is truncated if necessary to ensure the length of the file is exactly "len" bytes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.3.12 において追加)

guestfs_find

 char **
 guestfs_find (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *directory);

This command lists out all files and directories, recursively, starting at directory. It is essentially equivalent to running the shell command "find directory -print" but some post-processing happens on the output, described below.

This returns a list of strings without any prefix. Thus if the directory structure was:

 /tmp/a
 /tmp/b
 /tmp/c/d

then the returned list from "guestfs_find" /tmp would be 4 elements:

 a
 b
 c
 c/d

If directory is not a directory, then this command returns an error.

返された一覧は並び替えられています。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.27 において追加)

guestfs_find0

 int
 guestfs_find0 (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *directory,
                const char *files);

This command lists out all files and directories, recursively, starting at directory, placing the resulting list in the external file called files.

This command works the same way as "guestfs_find" with the following exceptions:

  • The resulting list is written to an external file.
  • Items (filenames) in the result are separated by "\0" characters. See find(1) option -print0.
  • 結果の一覧はソートされていません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.74 において追加)

guestfs_findfs_label

 char *
 guestfs_findfs_label (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *label);

This command searches the filesystems and returns the one which has the given label. An error is returned if no such filesystem can be found.

To find the label of a filesystem, use "guestfs_vfs_label".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_findfs_uuid

 char *
 guestfs_findfs_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *uuid);

This command searches the filesystems and returns the one which has the given UUID. An error is returned if no such filesystem can be found.

ファイルシステムの UUID を見つけるには "guestfs_vfs_uuid" を使用します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_fsck

 int
 guestfs_fsck (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *fstype,
               const char *device);

This runs the filesystem checker (fsck) on "device" which should have filesystem type "fstype".

返された整数は状態です。 "fsck" からの状態コードの一覧は fsck(8) を参照してください。

注:

  • 複数の状態コードが同時に合計されるかもしれません。
  • A non-zero return code can mean ``success'', for example if errors have been corrected on the filesystem.
  • Checking or repairing NTFS volumes is not supported (by linux-ntfs).

This command is entirely equivalent to running "fsck -a -t fstype device".

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.16 において追加)

guestfs_fstrim

 int
 guestfs_fstrim (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *mountpoint,
                 ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_FSTRIM_OFFSET, int64_t offset,
 GUESTFS_FSTRIM_LENGTH, int64_t length,
 GUESTFS_FSTRIM_MINIMUMFREEEXTENT, int64_t minimumfreeextent,

Trim the free space in the filesystem mounted on "mountpoint". The filesystem must be mounted read-write.

The filesystem contents are not affected, but any free space in the filesystem is ``trimmed'', that is, given back to the host device, thus making disk images more sparse, allowing unused space in qcow2 files to be reused, etc.

This operation requires support in libguestfs, the mounted filesystem, the host filesystem, qemu and the host kernel. If this support isn't present it may give an error or even appear to run but do nothing.

See also "guestfs_zero_free_space". That is a slightly different operation that turns free space in the filesystem into zeroes. It is valid to call "guestfs_fstrim" either instead of, or after calling "guestfs_zero_free_space".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "fstrim". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.6 において追加)

guestfs_fstrim_va

 int
 guestfs_fstrim_va (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *mountpoint,
                    va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_fstrim'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_fstrim_argv

 int
 guestfs_fstrim_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *mountpoint,
                      const struct guestfs_fstrim_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_fstrim'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_get_append

 const char *
 guestfs_get_append (guestfs_h *g);

Return the additional kernel options which are added to the libguestfs appliance kernel command line.

"NULL" ならば、オプションが追加されません。

This function returns a string which may be NULL. There is no way to return an error from this function. The string is owned by the guest handle and must not be freed.

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_get_attach_method

 char *
 guestfs_get_attach_method (guestfs_h *g);

この函数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_get_backend'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

Return the current backend.

"guestfs_set_backend" および ``BACKEND'' 参照。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.9.8 において追加)

guestfs_get_autosync

 int
 guestfs_get_autosync (guestfs_h *g);

autosync フラグを取得します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_get_backend

 char *
 guestfs_get_backend (guestfs_h *g);

Return the current backend.

This handle property was previously called the ``attach method''.

"guestfs_set_backend" および ``BACKEND'' 参照。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.21.26 において追加)

guestfs_get_backend_setting

 char *
 guestfs_get_backend_setting (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *name);

Find a backend setting string which is either "name" or begins with "name=". If "name", this returns the string "1". If "name=", this returns the part after the equals sign (which may be an empty string).

If no such setting is found, this function throws an error. The errno (see "guestfs_last_errno") will be "ESRCH" in this case.

See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.27.2)

guestfs_get_backend_settings

 char **
 guestfs_get_backend_settings (guestfs_h *g);

Return the current backend settings.

This call returns all backend settings strings. If you want to find a single backend setting, see "guestfs_get_backend_setting".

See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(Added in 1.25.24)

guestfs_get_cachedir

 char *
 guestfs_get_cachedir (guestfs_h *g);

アプライアンスのキャッシュを保存するために、ハンドルにより使用されるディレクトリーを取得します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.58 において追加)

guestfs_get_direct

 int
 guestfs_get_direct (guestfs_h *g);

Return the direct appliance mode flag.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.72 において追加)

guestfs_get_e2attrs

 char *
 guestfs_get_e2attrs (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *file);

This returns the file attributes associated with file.

The attributes are a set of bits associated with each inode which affect the behaviour of the file. The attributes are returned as a string of letters (described below). The string may be empty, indicating that no file attributes are set for this file.

These attributes are only present when the file is located on an ext2/3/4 filesystem. Using this call on other filesystem types will result in an error.

The characters (file attributes) in the returned string are currently:

'A'
ファイルがアクセスされたとき、アクセス日時 (atime) を変更しません。
'a'
ファイルは追記専用です。
'c'
ファイルはディスクにおいて圧縮されます。
'D'
(ディレクトリーのみ。) このディレクトリーへの変更がディスクに同期的に書き込まれます。
'd'
The file is not a candidate for backup (see dump(8)).
'E'
ファイルは圧縮エラーがあります。
'e'
ファイルは拡張属性を使用しています。
'h'
The file is storing its blocks in units of the filesystem blocksize instead of sectors.
'I'
(ディレクトリーのみ。) ディレクトリーはハッシュツリーを使用しています。
'i'
The file is immutable. It cannot be modified, deleted or renamed. No link can be created to this file.
'j'
ファイルはジャーナル付きデータです。
's'
ファイルが削除されるとき、そのブロックはすべてゼロが書き込みされます。
'S'
このファイルへの変更は同期的にディスクに書き込まれます。
'T'
(Directories only.) This is a hint to the block allocator that subdirectories contained in this directory should be spread across blocks. If not present, the block allocator will try to group subdirectories together.
't'
For a file, this disables tail-merging. (Not used by upstream implementations of ext2.)
'u'
When the file is deleted, its blocks will be saved, allowing the file to be undeleted.
'X'
圧縮ファイルの内容にアクセスできます。
'Z'
圧縮されたファイルがダーティーです。

More file attributes may be added to this list later. Not all file attributes may be set for all kinds of files. For detailed information, consult the chattr(1) man page.

"guestfs_set_e2attrs" 参照。

Don't confuse these attributes with extended attributes (see "guestfs_getxattr").

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.17.31 において追加)

guestfs_get_e2generation

 int64_t
 guestfs_get_e2generation (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *file);

This returns the ext2 file generation of a file. The generation (which used to be called the ``version'') is a number associated with an inode. This is most commonly used by NFS servers.

The generation is only present when the file is located on an ext2/3/4 filesystem. Using this call on other filesystem types will result in an error.

"guestfs_set_e2generation" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.31 において追加)

guestfs_get_e2label

 char *
 guestfs_get_e2label (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_vfs_label'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは "device" にあるファイルシステムの ext2/3/4 ファイルシステムラベルを返します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.15 において追加)

guestfs_get_e2uuid

 char *
 guestfs_get_e2uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_vfs_uuid'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは "device" にあるファイルシステムの ext2/3/4 ファイルシステム UUID を返します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.15 において追加)

guestfs_get_hv

 char *
 guestfs_get_hv (guestfs_h *g);

Return the current hypervisor binary.

This is always non-NULL. If it wasn't set already, then this will return the default qemu binary name.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.23.17)

guestfs_get_identifier

 const char *
 guestfs_get_identifier (guestfs_h *g);

Get the handle identifier. See "guestfs_set_identifier".

This function returns a string, or NULL on error. The string is owned by the guest handle and must not be freed.

(Added in 1.31.14)

guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_challenge

 char *
 guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_challenge (guestfs_h *g,
                                                     int index);

Get the challenge (provided by libvirt) for the "index"'th requested credential. If libvirt did not provide a challenge, this returns the empty string "".

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_defresult

 char *
 guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_defresult (guestfs_h *g,
                                                     int index);

Get the default result (provided by libvirt) for the "index"'th requested credential. If libvirt did not provide a default result, this returns the empty string "".

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_prompt

 char *
 guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_prompt (guestfs_h *g,
                                                  int index);

Get the prompt (provided by libvirt) for the "index"'th requested credential. If libvirt did not provide a prompt, this returns the empty string "".

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credentials

 char **
 guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credentials (guestfs_h *g);

This should only be called during the event callback for events of type "GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH".

Return the list of credentials requested by libvirt. Possible values are a subset of the strings provided when you called "guestfs_set_libvirt_supported_credentials".

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_get_memsize

 int
 guestfs_get_memsize (guestfs_h *g);

This gets the memory size in megabytes allocated to the hypervisor.

If "guestfs_set_memsize" was not called on this handle, and if "LIBGUESTFS_MEMSIZE" was not set, then this returns the compiled-in default value for memsize.

libguestfs のアーキテクチャーの詳細は guestfs(3) を参照してください。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_get_network

 int
 guestfs_get_network (guestfs_h *g);

これは有効化されているネットワークフラグを返します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.4 において追加)

guestfs_get_path

 const char *
 guestfs_get_path (guestfs_h *g);

現在の検索パスを返します。

This is always non-NULL. If it wasn't set already, then this will return the default path.

This function returns a string, or NULL on error. The string is owned by the guest handle and must not be freed.

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_get_pgroup

 int
 guestfs_get_pgroup (guestfs_h *g);

これはプロセスグループフラグを返します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.11.18 において追加)

guestfs_get_pid

 int
 guestfs_get_pid (guestfs_h *g);

Return the process ID of the hypervisor. If there is no hypervisor running, then this will return an error.

This is an internal call used for debugging and testing.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.56 において追加)

guestfs_get_program

 const char *
 guestfs_get_program (guestfs_h *g);

Get the program name. See "guestfs_set_program".

This function returns a string, or NULL on error. The string is owned by the guest handle and must not be freed.

(1.21.29 において追加)

guestfs_get_qemu

 const char *
 guestfs_get_qemu (guestfs_h *g);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_get_hv'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

Return the current hypervisor binary (usually qemu).

This is always non-NULL. If it wasn't set already, then this will return the default qemu binary name.

This function returns a string, or NULL on error. The string is owned by the guest handle and must not be freed.

(1.0.6 において追加)

guestfs_get_recovery_proc

 int
 guestfs_get_recovery_proc (guestfs_h *g);

復元プロセス有効化フラグを返します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_get_selinux

 int
 guestfs_get_selinux (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the current setting of the selinux flag which is passed to the appliance at boot time. See "guestfs_set_selinux".

libguestfs のアーキテクチャーの詳細は guestfs(3) を参照してください。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.67 において追加)

guestfs_get_smp

 int
 guestfs_get_smp (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the number of virtual CPUs assigned to the appliance.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.13.15 において追加)

guestfs_get_state

 int
 guestfs_get_state (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the current state as an opaque integer. This is only useful for printing debug and internal error messages.

For more information on states, see guestfs(3).

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_get_tmpdir

 char *
 guestfs_get_tmpdir (guestfs_h *g);

Get the directory used by the handle to store temporary files.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.58 において追加)

guestfs_get_trace

 int
 guestfs_get_trace (guestfs_h *g);

コマンドトレースフラグを返します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.69 において追加)

guestfs_get_umask

 int
 guestfs_get_umask (guestfs_h *g);

Return the current umask. By default the umask is 022 unless it has been set by calling "guestfs_umask".

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.4 において追加)

guestfs_get_verbose

 int
 guestfs_get_verbose (guestfs_h *g);

これはメッセージ冗長化フラグを返します。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_getcon

 char *
 guestfs_getcon (guestfs_h *g);

これはデーモンの SELinux セキュリティコンテキストを取得します。

guestfs(3) における SELinux および "guestfs_setcon" に関するドキュメントを参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "selinux". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.67 において追加)

guestfs_getxattr

 char *
 guestfs_getxattr (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *path,
                   const char *name,
                   size_t *size_r);

Get a single extended attribute from file "path" named "name". This call follows symlinks. If you want to lookup an extended attribute for the symlink itself, use "guestfs_lgetxattr".

Normally it is better to get all extended attributes from a file in one go by calling "guestfs_getxattrs". However some Linux filesystem implementations are buggy and do not provide a way to list out attributes. For these filesystems (notably ntfs-3g) you have to know the names of the extended attributes you want in advance and call this function.

Extended attribute values are blobs of binary data. If there is no extended attribute named "name", this returns an error.

関連項目: "guestfs_getxattrs", "guestfs_lgetxattr", attr(5)

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.7.24 において追加)

guestfs_getxattrs

 struct guestfs_xattr_list *
 guestfs_getxattrs (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path);

This call lists the extended attributes of the file or directory "path".

At the system call level, this is a combination of the listxattr(2) and getxattr(2) calls.

関連項目: "guestfs_lgetxattrs", attr(5)

この関数は "struct guestfs_xattr_list *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_xattr_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_glob_expand

 char **
 guestfs_glob_expand (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *pattern);

This command searches for all the pathnames matching "pattern" according to the wildcard expansion rules used by the shell.

If no paths match, then this returns an empty list (note: not an error).

It is just a wrapper around the C glob(3) function with flags "GLOB_MARK|GLOB_BRACE". See that manual page for more details.

Notice that there is no equivalent command for expanding a device name (eg. /dev/sd*). Use "guestfs_list_devices", "guestfs_list_partitions" etc functions instead.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.50 において追加)

guestfs_grep

 char **
 guestfs_grep (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *regex,
               const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_grep_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_grep_opts

 char **
 guestfs_grep_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *regex,
                    const char *path,
                    ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_GREP_OPTS_EXTENDED, int extended,
 GUESTFS_GREP_OPTS_FIXED, int fixed,
 GUESTFS_GREP_OPTS_INSENSITIVE, int insensitive,
 GUESTFS_GREP_OPTS_COMPRESSED, int compressed,

This calls the external "grep" program and returns the matching lines.

オプションのフラグは次のとおりです:

"extended"
Use extended regular expressions. This is the same as using the -E flag.
"fixed"
Match fixed (don't use regular expressions). This is the same as using the -F flag.
"insensitive"
Match case-insensitive. This is the same as using the -i flag.
"compressed"
Use "zgrep" instead of "grep". This allows the input to be compress- or gzip-compressed.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_grep_opts_va

 char **
 guestfs_grep_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *regex,
                       const char *path,
                       va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_grep_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_grep_opts_argv

 char **
 guestfs_grep_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *regex,
                         const char *path,
                         const struct guestfs_grep_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_grep_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_grepi

 char **
 guestfs_grepi (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *regex,
                const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "grep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_grub_install

 int
 guestfs_grub_install (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *root,
                       const char *device);

This command installs GRUB 1 (the Grand Unified Bootloader) on "device", with the root directory being "root".

注:

  • There is currently no way in the API to install grub2, which is used by most modern Linux guests. It is possible to run the grub2 command from the guest, although see the caveats in ``RUNNING COMMANDS''.
  • This uses "grub-install" from the host. Unfortunately grub is not always compatible with itself, so this only works in rather narrow circumstances. Careful testing with each guest version is advisable.
  • If grub-install reports the error ``No suitable drive was found in the generated device map.'' it may be that you need to create a /boot/grub/device.map file first that contains the mapping between grub device names and Linux device names. It is usually sufficient to create a file containing:

     (hd0) /dev/vda
    

    replacing /dev/vda with the name of the installation device.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "grub". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.17 において追加)

guestfs_head

 char **
 guestfs_head (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

このコマンドは文字列の一覧として、ファイルの先頭 10 行までを返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_head_n

 char **
 guestfs_head_n (guestfs_h *g,
                 int nrlines,
                 const char *path);

パラメーター "nrlines" が正の数ならば、これはファイル "path" の先頭 "nrlines" 行を返します。

パラメーター "nrlines" が負の数ならば、これはファイル "path" の末尾 "nrlines" 行を取り除いた行を返します。

パラメーター "nrlines" が 0 ならば、空の一覧を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_hexdump

 char *
 guestfs_hexdump (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

指定された "path" において "hexdump -C" を実行します。結果は、読みやすい形式になり、ファイルの正規化された 16 進ダンプです。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.22 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_close

 int
 guestfs_hivex_close (guestfs_h *g);

現在の hivex ハンドルを閉じます。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_commit

 int
 guestfs_hivex_commit (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *filename);

ハイブへの変更をコミット(書き込み)します。

If the optional filename parameter is null, then the changes are written back to the same hive that was opened. If this is not null then they are written to the alternate filename given and the original hive is left untouched.

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_add_child

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_node_add_child (guestfs_h *g,
                               int64_t parent,
                               const char *name);

子ノードに "name" という名前の "parent" を追加します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_children

 struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *
 guestfs_hivex_node_children (guestfs_h *g,
                              int64_t nodeh);

"nodeh" のサブキーであるノードの一覧を返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は "struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *" を返します。エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用した後に "guestfs_free_hivex_node_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_delete_child

 int
 guestfs_hivex_node_delete_child (guestfs_h *g,
                                  int64_t nodeh);

"nodeh" を削除します。必要に応じて、再帰的に削除します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_get_child

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_node_get_child (guestfs_h *g,
                               int64_t nodeh,
                               const char *name);

Return the child of "nodeh" with the name "name", if it exists. This can return 0 meaning the name was not found.

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_get_value

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_node_get_value (guestfs_h *g,
                               int64_t nodeh,
                               const char *key);

Return the value attached to "nodeh" which has the name "key", if it exists. This can return 0 meaning the key was not found.

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_name

 char *
 guestfs_hivex_node_name (guestfs_h *g,
                          int64_t nodeh);

"nodeh" の名前を返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_parent

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_node_parent (guestfs_h *g,
                            int64_t nodeh);

"nodeh" の親ノードを返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_set_value

 int
 guestfs_hivex_node_set_value (guestfs_h *g,
                               int64_t nodeh,
                               const char *key,
                               int64_t t,
                               const char *val,
                               size_t val_size);

Set or replace a single value under the node "nodeh". The "key" is the name, "t" is the type, and "val" is the data.

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_node_values

 struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *
 guestfs_hivex_node_values (guestfs_h *g,
                            int64_t nodeh);

Return the array of (key, datatype, data) tuples attached to "nodeh".

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は "struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *" を返します。エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用した後に "guestfs_free_hivex_value_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_open

 int
 guestfs_hivex_open (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *filename,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE, int verbose,
 GUESTFS_HIVEX_OPEN_DEBUG, int debug,
 GUESTFS_HIVEX_OPEN_WRITE, int write,

Open the Windows Registry hive file named filename. If there was any previous hivex handle associated with this guestfs session, then it is closed.

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_open_va

 int
 guestfs_hivex_open_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *filename,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_hivex_open'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_hivex_open_argv

 int
 guestfs_hivex_open_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *filename,
                          const struct guestfs_hivex_open_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_hivex_open'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_hivex_root

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_root (guestfs_h *g);

ハイブのルートノードを返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_value_key

 char *
 guestfs_hivex_value_key (guestfs_h *g,
                          int64_t valueh);

(key, datatype, data) 組のキー (name) 項目を返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_value_type

 int64_t
 guestfs_hivex_value_type (guestfs_h *g,
                           int64_t valueh);

(key, datatype, data) 組の datatype 項目を返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_value_utf8

 char *
 guestfs_hivex_value_utf8 (guestfs_h *g,
                           int64_t valueh);

This calls "guestfs_hivex_value_value" (which returns the data field from a hivex value tuple). It then assumes that the field is a UTF-16LE string and converts the result to UTF-8 (or if this is not possible, it returns an error).

This is useful for reading strings out of the Windows registry. However it is not foolproof because the registry is not strongly-typed and fields can contain arbitrary or unexpected data.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_hivex_value_value

 char *
 guestfs_hivex_value_value (guestfs_h *g,
                            int64_t valueh,
                            size_t *size_r);

(key, datatype, data) 組のデータ項目を返します。

これは同じ名前の hivex(3) のラッパーです。

関連項目: "guestfs_hivex_value_utf8"

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

This function depends on the feature "hivex". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.35 において追加)

guestfs_initrd_cat

 char *
 guestfs_initrd_cat (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *initrdpath,
                     const char *filename,
                     size_t *size_r);

This command unpacks the file filename from the initrd file called initrdpath. The filename must be given without the initial / character.

For example, in guestfish you could use the following command to examine the boot script (usually called /init) contained in a Linux initrd or initramfs image:

 initrd-cat /boot/initrd-<version>.img init

"guestfs_initrd_list" 参照。

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.84 において追加)

guestfs_initrd_list

 char **
 guestfs_initrd_list (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path);

このコマンドは initrd に含まれるファイルを一覧表示します。

The files are listed without any initial / character. The files are listed in the order they appear (not necessarily alphabetical). Directory names are listed as separate items.

古い Linux カーネル (2.4 およびそれ以前) は initrd として圧縮 ext2 ファイルシステムを使用していました。新しい initramfs 形式 (圧縮 cpio ファイル) のみ をサポートします。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_add_watch

 int64_t
 guestfs_inotify_add_watch (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path,
                            int mask);

"mask" に一覧化されたイベントに対して "path" を監視します。

Note that if "path" is a directory then events within that directory are watched, but this does not happen recursively (in subdirectories).

Note for non-C or non-Linux callers: the inotify events are defined by the Linux kernel ABI and are listed in /usr/include/sys/inotify.h.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_close

 int
 guestfs_inotify_close (guestfs_h *g);

This closes the inotify handle which was previously opened by inotify_init. It removes all watches, throws away any pending events, and deallocates all resources.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_files

 char **
 guestfs_inotify_files (guestfs_h *g);

This function is a helpful wrapper around "guestfs_inotify_read" which just returns a list of pathnames of objects that were touched. The returned pathnames are sorted and deduplicated.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_init

 int
 guestfs_inotify_init (guestfs_h *g,
                       int maxevents);

This command creates a new inotify handle. The inotify subsystem can be used to notify events which happen to objects in the guest filesystem.

"maxevents" is the maximum number of events which will be queued up between calls to "guestfs_inotify_read" or "guestfs_inotify_files". If this is passed as 0, then the kernel (or previously set) default is used. For Linux 2.6.29 the default was 16384 events. Beyond this limit, the kernel throws away events, but records the fact that it threw them away by setting a flag "IN_Q_OVERFLOW" in the returned structure list (see "guestfs_inotify_read").

何らかのイベントを生成する前に、いくつかのウォッチと内部ウォッチリストに追加する必要があります。 参照: "guestfs_inotify_add_watch" および "guestfs_inotify_rm_watch"

Queued up events should be read periodically by calling "guestfs_inotify_read" (or "guestfs_inotify_files" which is just a helpful wrapper around "guestfs_inotify_read"). If you don't read the events out often enough then you risk the internal queue overflowing.

The handle should be closed after use by calling "guestfs_inotify_close". This also removes any watches automatically.

See also inotify(7) for an overview of the inotify interface as exposed by the Linux kernel, which is roughly what we expose via libguestfs. Note that there is one global inotify handle per libguestfs instance.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_read

 struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *
 guestfs_inotify_read (guestfs_h *g);

Return the complete queue of events that have happened since the previous read call.

何もイベントが起きないと、これは空の一覧を返します。

Note: In order to make sure that all events have been read, you must call this function repeatedly until it returns an empty list. The reason is that the call will read events up to the maximum appliance-to-host message size and leave remaining events in the queue.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_inotify_event_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inotify_rm_watch

 int
 guestfs_inotify_rm_watch (guestfs_h *g,
                           int wd);

前に定義された inotify ウォッチを削除します。 "guestfs_inotify_add_watch" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "inotify". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_arch

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_arch (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *root);

これは検査したオペレーティングシステムのアーキテクチャーを返します。とりうる値は "guestfs_file_architecture" の下に一覧化されています。

アーキテクチャーが決められなければ、文字列 "unknown" が返されます。

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_distro

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_distro (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *root);

これは検査したオペレーティングシステムのディストリビューションを返します。

定義されているディストリビューションは現在次のとおりです:

"alpinelinux"
Alpine Linux.
"altlinux"
ALT Linux.
"archlinux"
Arch Linux.
"buildroot"
Buildroot 派生のディストリビューション. 具体的にどれかを認識しません.
"centos"
CentOS.
"cirros"
Cirros.
"coreos"
CoreOS.
"debian"
Debian.
"fedora"
Fedora.
"freebsd"
FreeBSD.
"freedos"
FreeDOS.
"frugalware"
Frugalware.
"gentoo"
Gentoo.
"linuxmint"
Linux Mint.
"mageia"
Mageia.
"mandriva"
Mandriva.
"meego"
MeeGo.
"netbsd"
NetBSD.
"openbsd"
OpenBSD.
"opensuse"
OpenSUSE.
"oraclelinux"
Oracle Linux.
"pardus"
Pardus.
"pldlinux"
PLD Linux.
"redhat-based"
いくつかの Red Hat 派生ディストリビューション.
"rhel"
Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
"scientificlinux"
Scientific Linux.
"slackware"
Slackware.
"sles"
SuSE Linux Enterprise Server または Desktop.
"suse-based"
いくつかの openSuSE 派生ディストリビューション.
"ttylinux"
ttylinux.
"ubuntu"
Ubuntu.
"unknown"
ディストリビューションがわかりませんでした。
"windows"
Windows はディストリビューションがありません。OS 種別が Windows ならば、この文字列は返されません。

libguestfs の将来のバージョンは、ここに他の文字列を返す可能性があります。呼び出し元はあらゆる文字列の処理に備えなければいけません。

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_drive_mappings

 char **
 guestfs_inspect_get_drive_mappings (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *root);

This call is useful for Windows which uses a primitive system of assigning drive letters (like C:\) to partitions. This inspection API examines the Windows Registry to find out how disks/partitions are mapped to drive letters, and returns a hash table as in the example below:

 C      =>     /dev/vda2
 E      =>     /dev/vdb1
 F      =>     /dev/vdc1

Note that keys are drive letters. For Windows, the key is case insensitive and just contains the drive letter, without the customary colon separator character.

In future we may support other operating systems that also used drive letters, but the keys for those might not be case insensitive and might be longer than 1 character. For example in OS-9, hard drives were named "h0", "h1" etc.

For Windows guests, currently only hard drive mappings are returned. Removable disks (eg. DVD-ROMs) are ignored.

For guests that do not use drive mappings, or if the drive mappings could not be determined, this returns an empty hash table.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を確認してください。合わせて "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints", "guestfs_inspect_get_filesystems" を参照してください。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.9.17 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_filesystems

 char **
 guestfs_inspect_get_filesystems (guestfs_h *g,
                                  const char *root);

This returns a list of all the filesystems that we think are associated with this operating system. This includes the root filesystem, other ordinary filesystems, and non-mounted devices like swap partitions.

In the case of a multi-boot virtual machine, it is possible for a filesystem to be shared between operating systems.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を読んでください。 "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_format

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_format (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *root);

This returns the format of the inspected operating system. You can use it to detect install images, live CDs and similar.

今のところ定義されている形式は次のとおりです:

"installed"
インストールされているオペレーティングシステムです。
"installer"
検査されるディスクイメージが、インストールされたオペレーティング・システムではなく、ブート可能な インストールディスク、ライブ CD、または似たようなものです。
"unknown"
このディスクイメージの形式は不明です。

libguestfs の将来のバージョンは、ここに他の文字列を返す可能性があります。呼び出し元はあらゆる文字列の処理に備えなければいけません。

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.9.4 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_hostname

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_hostname (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *root);

This function returns the hostname of the operating system as found by inspection of the guest's configuration files.

If the hostname could not be determined, then the string "unknown" is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.7.9 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_icon

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_icon (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *root,
                           size_t *size_r,
                           ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_INSPECT_GET_ICON_FAVICON, int favicon,
 GUESTFS_INSPECT_GET_ICON_HIGHQUALITY, int highquality,

This function returns an icon corresponding to the inspected operating system. The icon is returned as a buffer containing a PNG image (re-encoded to PNG if necessary).

If it was not possible to get an icon this function returns a zero-length (non-NULL) buffer. Callers must check for this case.

Libguestfs will start by looking for a file called /etc/favicon.png or C:\etc\favicon.png and if it has the correct format, the contents of this file will be returned. You can disable favicons by passing the optional "favicon" boolean as false (default is true).

If finding the favicon fails, then we look in other places in the guest for a suitable icon.

If the optional "highquality" boolean is true then only high quality icons are returned, which means only icons of high resolution with an alpha channel. The default (false) is to return any icon we can, even if it is of substandard quality.

注:

  • Unlike most other inspection API calls, the guest's disks must be mounted up before you call this, since it needs to read information from the guest filesystem during the call.
  • Security: The icon data comes from the untrusted guest, and should be treated with caution. PNG files have been known to contain exploits. Ensure that libpng (or other relevant libraries) are fully up to date before trying to process or display the icon.
  • The PNG image returned can be any size. It might not be square. Libguestfs tries to return the largest, highest quality icon available. The application must scale the icon to the required size.
  • Extracting icons from Windows guests requires the external "wrestool" program from the "icoutils" package, and several programs ("bmptopnm", "pnmtopng", "pamcut") from the "netpbm" package. These must be installed separately.
  • Operating system icons are usually trademarks. Seek legal advice before using trademarks in applications.

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

(1.11.12 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_icon_va

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_icon_va (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *root,
                              size_t *size_r,
                              va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_inspect_get_icon'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_inspect_get_icon_argv

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_icon_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *root,
                                size_t *size_r,
                                const struct guestfs_inspect_get_icon_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_inspect_get_icon'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_inspect_get_major_version

 int
 guestfs_inspect_get_major_version (guestfs_h *g,
                                    const char *root);

This returns the major version number of the inspected operating system.

Windows uses a consistent versioning scheme which is not reflected in the popular public names used by the operating system. Notably the operating system known as ``Windows 7'' is really version 6.1 (ie. major = 6, minor = 1). You can find out the real versions corresponding to releases of Windows by consulting Wikipedia or MSDN.

If the version could not be determined, then 0 is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_minor_version

 int
 guestfs_inspect_get_minor_version (guestfs_h *g,
                                    const char *root);

検査するオペレーティングシステムのマイナーバージョン番号を返します。

If the version could not be determined, then 0 is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を読んでください。 "guestfs_inspect_get_major_version" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints

 char **
 guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints (guestfs_h *g,
                                  const char *root);

This returns a hash of where we think the filesystems associated with this operating system should be mounted. Callers should note that this is at best an educated guess made by reading configuration files such as /etc/fstab. In particular note that this may return filesystems which are non-existent or not mountable and callers should be prepared to handle or ignore failures if they try to mount them.

Each element in the returned hashtable has a key which is the path of the mountpoint (eg. /boot) and a value which is the filesystem that would be mounted there (eg. /dev/sda1).

Non-mounted devices such as swap devices are not returned in this list.

For operating systems like Windows which still use drive letters, this call will only return an entry for the first drive ``mounted on'' /. For information about the mapping of drive letters to partitions, see "guestfs_inspect_get_drive_mappings".

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を読んでください。 "guestfs_inspect_get_filesystems" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_package_format

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_package_format (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *root);

This function and "guestfs_inspect_get_package_management" return the package format and package management tool used by the inspected operating system. For example for Fedora these functions would return "rpm" (package format), and "yum" or "dnf" (package management).

This returns the string "unknown" if we could not determine the package format or if the operating system does not have a real packaging system (eg. Windows).

Possible strings include: "rpm", "deb", "ebuild", "pisi", "pacman", "pkgsrc", "apk". Future versions of libguestfs may return other strings.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.7.5 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_package_management

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_package_management (guestfs_h *g,
                                         const char *root);

"guestfs_inspect_get_package_format" and this function return the package format and package management tool used by the inspected operating system. For example for Fedora these functions would return "rpm" (package format), and "yum" or "dnf" (package management).

This returns the string "unknown" if we could not determine the package management tool or if the operating system does not have a real packaging system (eg. Windows).

Possible strings include: "yum", "dnf", "up2date", "apt" (for all Debian derivatives), "portage", "pisi", "pacman", "urpmi", "zypper", "apk". Future versions of libguestfs may return other strings.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.7.5 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_product_name

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_product_name (guestfs_h *g,
                                   const char *root);

This returns the product name of the inspected operating system. The product name is generally some freeform string which can be displayed to the user, but should not be parsed by programs.

If the product name could not be determined, then the string "unknown" is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_product_variant

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_product_variant (guestfs_h *g,
                                      const char *root);

This returns the product variant of the inspected operating system.

For Windows guests, this returns the contents of the Registry key "HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion" "InstallationType" which is usually a string such as "Client" or "Server" (other values are possible). This can be used to distinguish consumer and enterprise versions of Windows that have the same version number (for example, Windows 7 and Windows 2008 Server are both version 6.1, but the former is "Client" and the latter is "Server").

For enterprise Linux guests, in future we intend this to return the product variant such as "Desktop", "Server" and so on. But this is not implemented at present.

If the product variant could not be determined, then the string "unknown" is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。 "guestfs_inspect_get_product_name", "guestfs_inspect_get_major_version" も合わせて参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.9.13 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_roots

 char **
 guestfs_inspect_get_roots (guestfs_h *g);

This function is a convenient way to get the list of root devices, as returned from a previous call to "guestfs_inspect_os", but without redoing the whole inspection process.

This returns an empty list if either no root devices were found or the caller has not called "guestfs_inspect_os".

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.7.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_type

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_type (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *root);

This returns the type of the inspected operating system. Currently defined types are:

"linux"
すべての Linux ベースのオペレーティングシステム.
"windows"
すべての Microsoft Windows オペレーティングシステム.
"freebsd"
FreeBSD.
"netbsd"
NetBSD.
"openbsd"
OpenBSD.
"hurd"
GNU/Hurd.
"dos"
MS-DOS, FreeDOS およびその他.
"minix"
MINIX.
"unknown"
オペレーティング・システムの種類がわかりませんでした。

libguestfs の将来のバージョンは、ここに他の文字列を返す可能性があります。呼び出し元はあらゆる文字列の処理に備えなければいけません。

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_windows_current_control_set

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_windows_current_control_set (guestfs_h *g,
                                                  const char *root);

これは検査した仮想マシンの Windows CurrentControlSet を返します。 CurrentControlSet は "ControlSet001" のようなレジストリキーの名前です。

この呼び出しは、仮想マシンが Windows であり、レジストリが検査により確認できることを仮定しています。該当しない場合、エラーが返されます。

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.9.17 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_get_windows_systemroot

 char *
 guestfs_inspect_get_windows_systemroot (guestfs_h *g,
                                         const char *root);

This returns the Windows systemroot of the inspected guest. The systemroot is a directory path such as /WINDOWS.

This call assumes that the guest is Windows and that the systemroot could be determined by inspection. If this is not the case then an error is returned.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.25 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_is_live

 int
 guestfs_inspect_is_live (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *root);

If "guestfs_inspect_get_format" returns "installer" (this is an install disk), then this returns true if a live image was detected on the disk.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.9.4 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_is_multipart

 int
 guestfs_inspect_is_multipart (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *root);

If "guestfs_inspect_get_format" returns "installer" (this is an install disk), then this returns true if the disk is part of a set.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.9.4 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_is_netinst

 int
 guestfs_inspect_is_netinst (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *root);

If "guestfs_inspect_get_format" returns "installer" (this is an install disk), then this returns true if the disk is a network installer, ie. not a self-contained install CD but one which is likely to require network access to complete the install.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.9.4 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_list_applications

 struct guestfs_application_list *
 guestfs_inspect_list_applications (guestfs_h *g,
                                    const char *root);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_inspect_list_applications2'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

Return the list of applications installed in the operating system.

Note: This call works differently from other parts of the inspection API. You have to call "guestfs_inspect_os", then "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints", then mount up the disks, before calling this. Listing applications is a significantly more difficult operation which requires access to the full filesystem. Also note that unlike the other "guestfs_inspect_get_*" calls which are just returning data cached in the libguestfs handle, this call actually reads parts of the mounted filesystems during the call.

This returns an empty list if the inspection code was not able to determine the list of applications.

The application structure contains the following fields:

"app_name"
アプリケーションの名前。 Red Hat 派生および Debian 派生の Linux 仮想マシンの場合、パッケージ名になります。
"app_display_name"
The display name of the application, sometimes localized to the install language of the guest operating system.

If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "". Callers needing to display something can use "app_name" instead.

"app_epoch"
For package managers which use epochs, this contains the epoch of the package (an integer). If unavailable, this is returned as 0.
"app_version"
The version string of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_release"
The release string of the application or package, for package managers that use this. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_install_path"
The installation path of the application (on operating systems such as Windows which use installation paths). This path is in the format used by the guest operating system, it is not a libguestfs path.

If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".

"app_trans_path"
The install path translated into a libguestfs path. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_publisher"
The name of the publisher of the application, for package managers that use this. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_url"
The URL (eg. upstream URL) of the application. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_source_package"
For packaging systems which support this, the name of the source package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_summary"
A short (usually one line) description of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app_description"
A longer description of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a "struct guestfs_application_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_application_list" after use.

(1.7.8 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_list_applications2

 struct guestfs_application2_list *
 guestfs_inspect_list_applications2 (guestfs_h *g,
                                     const char *root);

Return the list of applications installed in the operating system.

Note: This call works differently from other parts of the inspection API. You have to call "guestfs_inspect_os", then "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints", then mount up the disks, before calling this. Listing applications is a significantly more difficult operation which requires access to the full filesystem. Also note that unlike the other "guestfs_inspect_get_*" calls which are just returning data cached in the libguestfs handle, this call actually reads parts of the mounted filesystems during the call.

This returns an empty list if the inspection code was not able to determine the list of applications.

The application structure contains the following fields:

"app2_name"
アプリケーションの名前。 Red Hat 派生および Debian 派生の Linux 仮想マシンの場合、パッケージ名になります。
"app2_display_name"
The display name of the application, sometimes localized to the install language of the guest operating system.

If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "". Callers needing to display something can use "app2_name" instead.

"app2_epoch"
For package managers which use epochs, this contains the epoch of the package (an integer). If unavailable, this is returned as 0.
"app2_version"
The version string of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_release"
The release string of the application or package, for package managers that use this. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_arch"
The architecture string of the application or package, for package managers that use this. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_install_path"
The installation path of the application (on operating systems such as Windows which use installation paths). This path is in the format used by the guest operating system, it is not a libguestfs path.

If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".

"app2_trans_path"
The install path translated into a libguestfs path. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_publisher"
The name of the publisher of the application, for package managers that use this. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_url"
The URL (eg. upstream URL) of the application. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_source_package"
For packaging systems which support this, the name of the source package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_summary"
A short (usually one line) description of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".
"app2_description"
A longer description of the application or package. If unavailable this is returned as an empty string "".

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

This function returns a "struct guestfs_application2_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_application2_list" after use.

(1.19.56 において追加)

guestfs_inspect_os

 char **
 guestfs_inspect_os (guestfs_h *g);

This function uses other libguestfs functions and certain heuristics to inspect the disk(s) (usually disks belonging to a virtual machine), looking for operating systems.

The list returned is empty if no operating systems were found.

If one operating system was found, then this returns a list with a single element, which is the name of the root filesystem of this operating system. It is also possible for this function to return a list containing more than one element, indicating a dual-boot or multi-boot virtual machine, with each element being the root filesystem of one of the operating systems.

You can pass the root string(s) returned to other "guestfs_inspect_get_*" functions in order to query further information about each operating system, such as the name and version.

This function uses other libguestfs features such as "guestfs_mount_ro" and "guestfs_umount_all" in order to mount and unmount filesystems and look at the contents. This should be called with no disks currently mounted. The function may also use Augeas, so any existing Augeas handle will be closed.

This function cannot decrypt encrypted disks. The caller must do that first (supplying the necessary keys) if the disk is encrypted.

詳細は ``INSPECTION'' を参照してください。

"guestfs_list_filesystems" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_is_blockdev

 int
 guestfs_is_blockdev (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_blockdev_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_blockdev_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_blockdev_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *path,
                           ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_BLOCKDEV_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

与えられた"パス"名を持つブロックデバイスがあれば、"真"を返します。

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a block device also causes the function to return true.

This call only looks at files within the guest filesystem. Libguestfs partitions and block devices (eg. /dev/sda) cannot be used as the "path" parameter of this call.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_blockdev_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_blockdev_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *path,
                              va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_blockdev_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_blockdev_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_blockdev_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *path,
                                const struct guestfs_is_blockdev_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_blockdev_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_busy

 int
 guestfs_is_busy (guestfs_h *g);

This always returns false. This function is deprecated with no replacement. Do not use this function.

For more information on states, see guestfs(3).

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_is_chardev

 int
 guestfs_is_chardev (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_chardev_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_chardev_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_chardev_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *path,
                          ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_CHARDEV_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

This returns "true" if and only if there is a character device with the given "path" name.

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a chardev also causes the function to return true.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_chardev_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_chardev_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *path,
                             va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_chardev_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_chardev_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_chardev_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *path,
                               const struct guestfs_is_chardev_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_chardev_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_config

 int
 guestfs_is_config (guestfs_h *g);

This returns true iff this handle is being configured (in the "CONFIG" state).

For more information on states, see guestfs(3).

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_is_dir

 int
 guestfs_is_dir (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_dir_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_is_dir_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_dir_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_DIR_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

This returns "true" if and only if there is a directory with the given "path" name. Note that it returns false for other objects like files.

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a directory also causes the function to return true.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_is_dir_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_dir_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *path,
                         va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_dir_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_dir_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_dir_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *path,
                           const struct guestfs_is_dir_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_dir_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_fifo

 int
 guestfs_is_fifo (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_fifo_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_fifo_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_fifo_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_FIFO_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

This returns "true" if and only if there is a FIFO (named pipe) with the given "path" name.

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a FIFO also causes the function to return true.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_fifo_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_fifo_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *path,
                          va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_fifo_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_fifo_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_fifo_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path,
                            const struct guestfs_is_fifo_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_fifo_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_file

 int
 guestfs_is_file (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_file_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_is_file_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_file_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_FILE_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

This returns "true" if and only if there is a regular file with the given "path" name. Note that it returns false for other objects like directories.

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a file also causes the function to return true.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_is_file_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_file_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *path,
                          va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_file_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_file_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_file_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path,
                            const struct guestfs_is_file_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_file_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_launching

 int
 guestfs_is_launching (guestfs_h *g);

This returns true iff this handle is launching the subprocess (in the "LAUNCHING" state).

For more information on states, see guestfs(3).

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_is_lv

 int
 guestfs_is_lv (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *device);

This command tests whether "device" is a logical volume, and returns true iff this is the case.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.3 において追加)

guestfs_is_ready

 int
 guestfs_is_ready (guestfs_h *g);

This returns true iff this handle is ready to accept commands (in the "READY" state).

For more information on states, see guestfs(3).

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_is_socket

 int
 guestfs_is_socket (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_is_socket_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_socket_opts

 int
 guestfs_is_socket_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *path,
                         ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_IS_SOCKET_OPTS_FOLLOWSYMLINKS, int followsymlinks,

This returns "true" if and only if there is a Unix domain socket with the given "path" name.

If the optional flag "followsymlinks" is true, then a symlink (or chain of symlinks) that ends with a socket also causes the function to return true.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_socket_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_is_socket_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *path,
                            va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_is_socket_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_socket_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_is_socket_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *path,
                              const struct guestfs_is_socket_opts_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_is_socket_opts''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_is_symlink

 int
 guestfs_is_symlink (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path);

This returns "true" if and only if there is a symbolic link with the given "path" name.

"guestfs_stat" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.5.10 において追加)

guestfs_is_whole_device

 int
 guestfs_is_whole_device (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device);

This returns "true" if and only if "device" refers to a whole block device. That is, not a partition or a logical device.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.21.9 において追加)

guestfs_is_zero

 int
 guestfs_is_zero (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

This returns true iff the file exists and the file is empty or it contains all zero bytes.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.11.8 において追加)

guestfs_is_zero_device

 int
 guestfs_is_zero_device (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

This returns true iff the device exists and contains all zero bytes.

Note that for large devices this can take a long time to run.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.11.8 において追加)

guestfs_isoinfo

 struct guestfs_isoinfo *
 guestfs_isoinfo (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *isofile);

This is the same as "guestfs_isoinfo_device" except that it works for an ISO file located inside some other mounted filesystem. Note that in the common case where you have added an ISO file as a libguestfs device, you would not call this. Instead you would call "guestfs_isoinfo_device".

This function returns a "struct guestfs_isoinfo *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_isoinfo" after use.

(1.17.19 において追加)

guestfs_isoinfo_device

 struct guestfs_isoinfo *
 guestfs_isoinfo_device (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

"device" is an ISO device. This returns a struct of information read from the primary volume descriptor (the ISO equivalent of the superblock) of the device.

Usually it is more efficient to use the isoinfo(1) command with the -d option on the host to analyze ISO files, instead of going through libguestfs.

プライマリーボリューム記述子の項目に関する詳細は、 http://wiki.osdev.org/ISO_9660#The_Primary_Volume_Descriptor を参照してください。

This function returns a "struct guestfs_isoinfo *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_isoinfo" after use.

(1.17.19 において追加)

guestfs_journal_close

 int
 guestfs_journal_close (guestfs_h *g);

Close the journal handle.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_get

 struct guestfs_xattr_list *
 guestfs_journal_get (guestfs_h *g);

Read the current journal entry. This returns all the fields in the journal as a set of "(attrname, attrval)" pairs. The "attrname" is the field name (a string).

The "attrval" is the field value (a binary blob, often but not always a string). Please note that "attrval" is a byte array, not a \0-terminated C string.

The length of data may be truncated to the data threshold (see: "guestfs_journal_set_data_threshold", "guestfs_journal_get_data_threshold").

If you set the data threshold to unlimited (0) then this call can read a journal entry of any size, ie. it is not limited by the libguestfs protocol.

この関数は "struct guestfs_xattr_list *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_xattr_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_get_data_threshold

 int64_t
 guestfs_journal_get_data_threshold (guestfs_h *g);

Get the current data threshold for reading journal entries. This is a hint to the journal that it may truncate data fields to this size when reading them (note also that it may not truncate them). If this returns 0, then the threshold is unlimited.

See also "guestfs_journal_set_data_threshold".

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_get_realtime_usec

 int64_t
 guestfs_journal_get_realtime_usec (guestfs_h *g);

Get the realtime (wallclock) timestamp of the current journal entry.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.27.18)

guestfs_journal_next

 int
 guestfs_journal_next (guestfs_h *g);

Move to the next journal entry. You have to call this at least once after opening the handle before you are able to read data.

The returned boolean tells you if there are any more journal records to read. "true" means you can read the next record (eg. using "guestfs_journal_get"), and "false" means you have reached the end of the journal.

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_open

 int
 guestfs_journal_open (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *directory);

Open the systemd journal located in directory. Any previously opened journal handle is closed.

The contents of the journal can be read using "guestfs_journal_next" and "guestfs_journal_get".

After you have finished using the journal, you should close the handle by calling "guestfs_journal_close".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_set_data_threshold

 int
 guestfs_journal_set_data_threshold (guestfs_h *g,
                                     int64_t threshold);

Set the data threshold for reading journal entries. This is a hint to the journal that it may truncate data fields to this size when reading them (note also that it may not truncate them). If you set this to 0, then the threshold is unlimited.

See also "guestfs_journal_get_data_threshold".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_journal_skip

 int64_t
 guestfs_journal_skip (guestfs_h *g,
                       int64_t skip);

Skip forwards ("skip ≥ 0") or backwards ("skip < 0") in the journal.

The number of entries actually skipped is returned (note "rskip ≥ 0"). If this is not the same as the absolute value of the skip parameter ("|skip|") you passed in then it means you have reached the end or the start of the journal.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "journal". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.23.11)

guestfs_kill_subprocess

 int
 guestfs_kill_subprocess (guestfs_h *g);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_shutdown'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This kills the hypervisor.

これを呼び出してはいけません。代わりに "guestfs_shutdown" を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_launch

 int
 guestfs_launch (guestfs_h *g);

You should call this after configuring the handle (eg. adding drives) but before performing any actions.

Do not call "guestfs_launch" twice on the same handle. Although it will not give an error (for historical reasons), the precise behaviour when you do this is not well defined. Handles are very cheap to create, so create a new one for each launch.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_lchown

 int
 guestfs_lchown (guestfs_h *g,
                 int owner,
                 int group,
                 const char *path);

Change the file owner to "owner" and group to "group". This is like "guestfs_chown" but if "path" is a symlink then the link itself is changed, not the target.

Only numeric uid and gid are supported. If you want to use names, you will need to locate and parse the password file yourself (Augeas support makes this relatively easy).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_create_all

 int
 guestfs_ldmtool_create_all (guestfs_h *g);

This function scans all block devices looking for Windows dynamic disk volumes and partitions, and creates devices for any that were found.

Call "guestfs_list_ldm_volumes" and "guestfs_list_ldm_partitions" to return all devices.

Note that you don't normally need to call this explicitly, since it is done automatically at "guestfs_launch" time. However you might want to call this function if you have hotplugged disks or have just created a Windows dynamic disk.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_disks

 char **
 guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_disks (guestfs_h *g,
                                  const char *diskgroup);

Return the disks in a Windows dynamic disk group. The "diskgroup" parameter should be the GUID of a disk group, one element from the list returned by "guestfs_ldmtool_scan".

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_name

 char *
 guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_name (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *diskgroup);

Return the name of a Windows dynamic disk group. The "diskgroup" parameter should be the GUID of a disk group, one element from the list returned by "guestfs_ldmtool_scan".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_volumes

 char **
 guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_volumes (guestfs_h *g,
                                    const char *diskgroup);

Return the volumes in a Windows dynamic disk group. The "diskgroup" parameter should be the GUID of a disk group, one element from the list returned by "guestfs_ldmtool_scan".

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_remove_all

 int
 guestfs_ldmtool_remove_all (guestfs_h *g);

This is essentially the opposite of "guestfs_ldmtool_create_all". It removes the device mapper mappings for all Windows dynamic disk volumes

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_scan

 char **
 guestfs_ldmtool_scan (guestfs_h *g);

This function scans for Windows dynamic disks. It returns a list of identifiers (GUIDs) for all disk groups that were found. These identifiers can be passed to other "guestfs_ldmtool_*" functions.

This function scans all block devices. To scan a subset of block devices, call "guestfs_ldmtool_scan_devices" instead.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_scan_devices

 char **
 guestfs_ldmtool_scan_devices (guestfs_h *g,
                               char *const *devices);

This function scans for Windows dynamic disks. It returns a list of identifiers (GUIDs) for all disk groups that were found. These identifiers can be passed to other "guestfs_ldmtool_*" functions.

The parameter "devices" is a list of block devices which are scanned. If this list is empty, all block devices are scanned.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_volume_hint

 char *
 guestfs_ldmtool_volume_hint (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *diskgroup,
                              const char *volume);

Return the hint field of the volume named "volume" in the disk group with GUID "diskgroup". This may not be defined, in which case the empty string is returned. The hint field is often, though not always, the name of a Windows drive, eg. "E:".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_volume_partitions

 char **
 guestfs_ldmtool_volume_partitions (guestfs_h *g,
                                    const char *diskgroup,
                                    const char *volume);

Return the list of partitions in the volume named "volume" in the disk group with GUID "diskgroup".

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_ldmtool_volume_type

 char *
 guestfs_ldmtool_volume_type (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *diskgroup,
                              const char *volume);

Return the type of the volume named "volume" in the disk group with GUID "diskgroup".

Possible volume types that can be returned here include: "simple", "spanned", "striped", "mirrored", "raid5". Other types may also be returned.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_lgetxattr

 char *
 guestfs_lgetxattr (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path,
                    const char *name,
                    size_t *size_r);

Get a single extended attribute from file "path" named "name". If "path" is a symlink, then this call returns an extended attribute from the symlink.

Normally it is better to get all extended attributes from a file in one go by calling "guestfs_getxattrs". However some Linux filesystem implementations are buggy and do not provide a way to list out attributes. For these filesystems (notably ntfs-3g) you have to know the names of the extended attributes you want in advance and call this function.

Extended attribute values are blobs of binary data. If there is no extended attribute named "name", this returns an error.

関連項目: "guestfs_lgetxattrs", "guestfs_getxattr", attr(5)

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.7.24 において追加)

guestfs_lgetxattrs

 struct guestfs_xattr_list *
 guestfs_lgetxattrs (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path);

This is the same as "guestfs_getxattrs", but if "path" is a symbolic link, then it returns the extended attributes of the link itself.

この関数は "struct guestfs_xattr_list *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_xattr_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_list_9p

 char **
 guestfs_list_9p (guestfs_h *g);

List all 9p filesystems attached to the guest. A list of mount tags is returned.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.11.12 において追加)

guestfs_list_devices

 char **
 guestfs_list_devices (guestfs_h *g);

すべてのブロックデバイスを一覧表示します。

The full block device names are returned, eg. /dev/sda.

"guestfs_list_filesystems" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_list_disk_labels

 char **
 guestfs_list_disk_labels (guestfs_h *g);

If you add drives using the optional "label" parameter of "guestfs_add_drive_opts", you can use this call to map between disk labels, and raw block device and partition names (like /dev/sda and /dev/sda1).

This returns a hashtable, where keys are the disk labels (without the /dev/disk/guestfs prefix), and the values are the full raw block device and partition names (eg. /dev/sda and /dev/sda1).

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.19.49 において追加)

guestfs_list_dm_devices

 char **
 guestfs_list_dm_devices (guestfs_h *g);

すべてのデバイスマッパーデバイスを一覧表示します。

The returned list contains /dev/mapper/* devices, eg. ones created by a previous call to "guestfs_luks_open".

Device mapper devices which correspond to logical volumes are not returned in this list. Call "guestfs_lvs" if you want to list logical volumes.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.11.15 において追加)

guestfs_list_filesystems

 char **
 guestfs_list_filesystems (guestfs_h *g);

This inspection command looks for filesystems on partitions, block devices and logical volumes, returning a list of "mountables" containing filesystems and their type.

The return value is a hash, where the keys are the devices containing filesystems, and the values are the filesystem types. For example:

 "/dev/sda1" => "ntfs"
 "/dev/sda2" => "ext2"
 "/dev/vg_guest/lv_root" => "ext4"
 "/dev/vg_guest/lv_swap" => "swap"

The key is not necessarily a block device. It may also be an opaque 'mountable' string which can be passed to "guestfs_mount".

The value can have the special value ``unknown'', meaning the content of the device is undetermined or empty. ``swap'' means a Linux swap partition.

This command runs other libguestfs commands, which might include "guestfs_mount" and "guestfs_umount", and therefore you should use this soon after launch and only when nothing is mounted.

Not all of the filesystems returned will be mountable. In particular, swap partitions are returned in the list. Also this command does not check that each filesystem found is valid and mountable, and some filesystems might be mountable but require special options. Filesystems may not all belong to a single logical operating system (use "guestfs_inspect_os" to look for OSes).

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.5.15 において追加)

guestfs_list_ldm_partitions

 char **
 guestfs_list_ldm_partitions (guestfs_h *g);

This function returns all Windows dynamic disk partitions that were found at launch time. It returns a list of device names.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_list_ldm_volumes

 char **
 guestfs_list_ldm_volumes (guestfs_h *g);

This function returns all Windows dynamic disk volumes that were found at launch time. It returns a list of device names.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "ldm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.20.0 において追加)

guestfs_list_md_devices

 char **
 guestfs_list_md_devices (guestfs_h *g);

すべての Linux md デバイスを一覧表示します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.15.4 において追加)

guestfs_list_partitions

 char **
 guestfs_list_partitions (guestfs_h *g);

List all the partitions detected on all block devices.

The full partition device names are returned, eg. /dev/sda1

This does not return logical volumes. For that you will need to call "guestfs_lvs".

"guestfs_list_filesystems" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_ll

 char *
 guestfs_ll (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *directory);

List the files in directory (relative to the root directory, there is no cwd) in the format of 'ls -la'.

このコマンドはほとんどの対話式セッションのために有用です。出力文字列を構文解析しようという意図はありません

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_llz

 char *
 guestfs_llz (guestfs_h *g,
              const char *directory);

List the files in directory in the format of 'ls -laZ'.

このコマンドはほとんどの対話式セッションのために有用です。出力文字列を構文解析しようという意図はありません

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.17.6 において追加)

guestfs_ln

 int
 guestfs_ln (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *target,
             const char *linkname);

このコマンドは "ln" コマンドを使用してハードリンクを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_ln_f

 int
 guestfs_ln_f (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *target,
               const char *linkname);

This command creates a hard link using the "ln -f" command. The -f option removes the link ("linkname") if it exists already.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_ln_s

 int
 guestfs_ln_s (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *target,
               const char *linkname);

このコマンドは "ln -s" コマンドを使用してシンボリックリンクを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_ln_sf

 int
 guestfs_ln_sf (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *target,
                const char *linkname);

This command creates a symbolic link using the "ln -sf" command, The -f option removes the link ("linkname") if it exists already.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_lremovexattr

 int
 guestfs_lremovexattr (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *xattr,
                       const char *path);

これは "guestfs_removexattr" と同じです。ただし、"path" がシンボリックリンクならば、リンク自身の拡張属性を削除します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_ls

 char **
 guestfs_ls (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *directory);

List the files in directory (relative to the root directory, there is no cwd). The '.' and '..' entries are not returned, but hidden files are shown.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_ls0

 int
 guestfs_ls0 (guestfs_h *g,
              const char *dir,
              const char *filenames);

This specialized command is used to get a listing of the filenames in the directory "dir". The list of filenames is written to the local file filenames (on the host).

出力ファイルにおいて、ファイル名が "\0" 文字により区切られます。

"." および ".." は返されません。ファイル名は並べ替えられません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.32 において追加)

guestfs_lsetxattr

 int
 guestfs_lsetxattr (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *xattr,
                    const char *val,
                    int vallen,
                    const char *path);

これは "guestfs_setxattr" と同じですが、"path" がシンボリックリンクです。そして、リンク自身の拡張属性を設定します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_lstat

 struct guestfs_stat *
 guestfs_lstat (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_lstatns'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

与えられた "path" のファイル情報を返します。

これは、"path" がシンボリックリンクであることを除き、"guestfs_stat" と同じです。そしてリンクは、参照しているファイルではなく、stat-ed です。

This is the same as the lstat(2) system call.

この関数は "struct guestfs_stat *" を返します。エラーがあれば NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_stat" を呼び出す必要があります

(Added in 1.9.2)

guestfs_lstatlist

 struct guestfs_stat_list *
 guestfs_lstatlist (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path,
                    char *const *names);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_lstatnslist'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This call allows you to perform the "guestfs_lstat" operation on multiple files, where all files are in the directory "path". "names" is the list of files from this directory.

On return you get a list of stat structs, with a one-to-one correspondence to the "names" list. If any name did not exist or could not be lstat'd, then the "st_ino" field of that structure is set to "-1".

This call is intended for programs that want to efficiently list a directory contents without making many round-trips. See also "guestfs_lxattrlist" for a similarly efficient call for getting extended attributes.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_stat_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_stat_list" after use.

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_lstatns

 struct guestfs_statns *
 guestfs_lstatns (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

与えられた "path" のファイル情報を返します。

This is the same as "guestfs_statns" except that if "path" is a symbolic link, then the link is stat-ed, not the file it refers to.

This is the same as the lstat(2) system call.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_statns *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_statns" after use.

(Added in 1.27.53)

guestfs_lstatnslist

 struct guestfs_statns_list *
 guestfs_lstatnslist (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path,
                      char *const *names);

This call allows you to perform the "guestfs_lstatns" operation on multiple files, where all files are in the directory "path". "names" is the list of files from this directory.

On return you get a list of stat structs, with a one-to-one correspondence to the "names" list. If any name did not exist or could not be lstat'd, then the "st_ino" field of that structure is set to "-1".

This call is intended for programs that want to efficiently list a directory contents without making many round-trips. See also "guestfs_lxattrlist" for a similarly efficient call for getting extended attributes.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_statns_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_statns_list" after use.

(Added in 1.27.53)

guestfs_luks_add_key

 int
 guestfs_luks_add_key (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       const char *key,
                       const char *newkey,
                       int keyslot);

This command adds a new key on LUKS device "device". "key" is any existing key, and is used to access the device. "newkey" is the new key to add. "keyslot" is the key slot that will be replaced.

Note that if "keyslot" already contains a key, then this command will fail. You have to use "guestfs_luks_kill_slot" first to remove that key.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.2 において追加)

guestfs_luks_close

 int
 guestfs_luks_close (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device);

This closes a LUKS device that was created earlier by "guestfs_luks_open" or "guestfs_luks_open_ro". The "device" parameter must be the name of the LUKS mapping device (ie. /dev/mapper/mapname) and not the name of the underlying block device.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.1 において追加)

guestfs_luks_format

 int
 guestfs_luks_format (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      const char *key,
                      int keyslot);

This command erases existing data on "device" and formats the device as a LUKS encrypted device. "key" is the initial key, which is added to key slot "slot". (LUKS supports 8 key slots, numbered 0-7).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.2 において追加)

guestfs_luks_format_cipher

 int
 guestfs_luks_format_cipher (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *device,
                             const char *key,
                             int keyslot,
                             const char *cipher);

This command is the same as "guestfs_luks_format" but it also allows you to set the "cipher" used.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.2 において追加)

guestfs_luks_kill_slot

 int
 guestfs_luks_kill_slot (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device,
                         const char *key,
                         int keyslot);

This command deletes the key in key slot "keyslot" from the encrypted LUKS device "device". "key" must be one of the other keys.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.2 において追加)

guestfs_luks_open

 int
 guestfs_luks_open (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    const char *key,
                    const char *mapname);

This command opens a block device which has been encrypted according to the Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) standard.

"device" is the encrypted block device or partition.

The caller must supply one of the keys associated with the LUKS block device, in the "key" parameter.

This creates a new block device called /dev/mapper/mapname. Reads and writes to this block device are decrypted from and encrypted to the underlying "device" respectively.

If this block device contains LVM volume groups, then calling "guestfs_vgscan" followed by "guestfs_vg_activate_all" will make them visible.

すべてのデバイスマッパーデバイスを一覧表示するには "guestfs_list_dm_devices" を使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.1 において追加)

guestfs_luks_open_ro

 int
 guestfs_luks_open_ro (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       const char *key,
                       const char *mapname);

これは、読み込み専用のマッピングが作成されることを除き、"guestfs_luks_open" と同じです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function takes a key or passphrase parameter which could contain sensitive material. Read the section ``KEYS AND PASSPHRASES'' for more information.

This function depends on the feature "luks". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.1 において追加)

guestfs_lvcreate

 int
 guestfs_lvcreate (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *logvol,
                   const char *volgroup,
                   int mbytes);

This creates an LVM logical volume called "logvol" on the volume group "volgroup", with "size" megabytes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_lvcreate_free

 int
 guestfs_lvcreate_free (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *logvol,
                        const char *volgroup,
                        int percent);

Create an LVM logical volume called /dev/volgroup/logvol, using approximately "percent" % of the free space remaining in the volume group. Most usefully, when "percent" is 100 this will create the largest possible LV.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.18 において追加)

guestfs_lvm_canonical_lv_name

 char *
 guestfs_lvm_canonical_lv_name (guestfs_h *g,
                                const char *lvname);

This converts alternative naming schemes for LVs that you might find to the canonical name. For example, /dev/mapper/VG-LV is converted to /dev/VG/LV.

This command returns an error if the "lvname" parameter does not refer to a logical volume.

"guestfs_is_lv", "guestfs_canonical_device_name" も参照してください。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.24 において追加)

guestfs_lvm_clear_filter

 int
 guestfs_lvm_clear_filter (guestfs_h *g);

This undoes the effect of "guestfs_lvm_set_filter". LVM will be able to see every block device.

This command also clears the LVM cache and performs a volume group scan.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.5.1 において追加)

guestfs_lvm_remove_all

 int
 guestfs_lvm_remove_all (guestfs_h *g);

This command removes all LVM logical volumes, volume groups and physical volumes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_lvm_set_filter

 int
 guestfs_lvm_set_filter (guestfs_h *g,
                         char *const *devices);

This sets the LVM device filter so that LVM will only be able to ``see'' the block devices in the list "devices", and will ignore all other attached block devices.

Where disk image(s) contain duplicate PVs or VGs, this command is useful to get LVM to ignore the duplicates, otherwise LVM can get confused. Note also there are two types of duplication possible: either cloned PVs/VGs which have identical UUIDs; or VGs that are not cloned but just happen to have the same name. In normal operation you cannot create this situation, but you can do it outside LVM, eg. by cloning disk images or by bit twiddling inside the LVM metadata.

This command also clears the LVM cache and performs a volume group scan.

You can filter whole block devices or individual partitions.

You cannot use this if any VG is currently in use (eg. contains a mounted filesystem), even if you are not filtering out that VG.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.5.1 において追加)

guestfs_lvremove

 int
 guestfs_lvremove (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

Remove an LVM logical volume "device", where "device" is the path to the LV, such as /dev/VG/LV.

You can also remove all LVs in a volume group by specifying the VG name, /dev/VG.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.13 において追加)

guestfs_lvrename

 int
 guestfs_lvrename (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *logvol,
                   const char *newlogvol);

Rename a logical volume "logvol" with the new name "newlogvol".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.83 において追加)

guestfs_lvresize

 int
 guestfs_lvresize (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   int mbytes);

これは既存の LVM 論理ボリュームを "mbytes" に容量変更(拡大または縮小)します。縮小するとき、縮小された部分にあるデータは失われます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.27 において追加)

guestfs_lvresize_free

 int
 guestfs_lvresize_free (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *lv,
                        int percent);

This expands an existing logical volume "lv" so that it fills "pc"% of the remaining free space in the volume group. Commonly you would call this with pc = 100 which expands the logical volume as much as possible, using all remaining free space in the volume group.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.3 において追加)

guestfs_lvs

 char **
 guestfs_lvs (guestfs_h *g);

List all the logical volumes detected. This is the equivalent of the lvs(8) command.

This returns a list of the logical volume device names (eg. /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00).

"guestfs_lvs_full", "guestfs_list_filesystems" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_lvs_full

 struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *
 guestfs_lvs_full (guestfs_h *g);

List all the logical volumes detected. This is the equivalent of the lvs(8) command. The ``full'' version includes all fields.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_lvm_lv_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_lvuuid

 char *
 guestfs_lvuuid (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device);

このコマンドは LVM 論理ボリューム "device"UUID を返します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_lxattrlist

 struct guestfs_xattr_list *
 guestfs_lxattrlist (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path,
                     char *const *names);

This call allows you to get the extended attributes of multiple files, where all files are in the directory "path". "names" is the list of files from this directory.

On return you get a flat list of xattr structs which must be interpreted sequentially. The first xattr struct always has a zero-length "attrname". "attrval" in this struct is zero-length to indicate there was an error doing "lgetxattr" for this file, or is a C string which is a decimal number (the number of following attributes for this file, which could be "0"). Then after the first xattr struct are the zero or more attributes for the first named file. This repeats for the second and subsequent files.

This call is intended for programs that want to efficiently list a directory contents without making many round-trips. See also "guestfs_lstatlist" for a similarly efficient call for getting standard stats.

この関数は "struct guestfs_xattr_list *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_xattr_list" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_max_disks

 int
 guestfs_max_disks (guestfs_h *g);

ハンドルに追加できるディスクの最大数を返します (例: "guestfs_add_drive_opts" および同様の呼び出し)。

This function was added in libguestfs 1.19.7. In previous versions of libguestfs the limit was 25.

この話題に関する詳細は ``MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DISKS'' を参照してください。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.7 において追加)

guestfs_md_create

 int
 guestfs_md_create (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *name,
                    char *const *devices,
                    ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MD_CREATE_MISSINGBITMAP, int64_t missingbitmap,
 GUESTFS_MD_CREATE_NRDEVICES, int nrdevices,
 GUESTFS_MD_CREATE_SPARE, int spare,
 GUESTFS_MD_CREATE_CHUNK, int64_t chunk,
 GUESTFS_MD_CREATE_LEVEL, const char *level,

Create a Linux md (RAID) device named "name" on the devices in the list "devices".

オプションのパラメーターは次のとおりです:

"missingbitmap"
A bitmap of missing devices. If a bit is set it means that a missing device is added to the array. The least significant bit corresponds to the first device in the array.

例として:

"devices = ["/dev/sda"]" かつ "missingbitmap = 0x1" ならば、結果の配列は "[<missing>, "/dev/sda"]" になります。

"devices = ["/dev/sda"]" かつ "missingbitmap = 0x2" ならば、結果の配列は "["/dev/sda", <missing>]" になります。

この初期値は 0 です(デバイスがありません)。

"devices" の長さ + "missingbitmap" に設定されたビット数は "nrdevices" + "spare" と同じである必要があります。

"nrdevices"
稼動中の RAID デバイス数。

設定されていないと、この初期値は "devices" の長さ + "missingbitmap" に設定されたビット数になります。

"spare"
予備デバイス数。

設定されていなければ、デフォルトは 0 です。

"chunk"
バイト単位のチャンク容量です。
"level"
RAID レベルです。次のどれかです: linear, raid0, 0, stripe, raid1, 1, mirror, raid4, 4, raid5, 5, raid6, 6, raid10, 10。これらのいくつかは同じものを意味しています。将来さらなるレベルが追加される可能性があります。

設定されていないと、この初期値は "raid1" です。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mdadm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.15.6 において追加)

guestfs_md_create_va

 int
 guestfs_md_create_va (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *name,
                       char *const *devices,
                       va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_md_create'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_md_create_argv

 int
 guestfs_md_create_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *name,
                         char *const *devices,
                         const struct guestfs_md_create_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_md_create'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_md_detail

 char **
 guestfs_md_detail (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *md);

This command exposes the output of 'mdadm -DY <md>'. The following fields are usually present in the returned hash. Other fields may also be present.

"level"
MD デバイスの RAID レベル。
"devices"
MD デバイスにあるデバイス数。
"metadata"
使用されているメタ情報のバージョン。
"uuid"
MD デバイスの UUID。
"name"
MD デバイスの名前。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "mdadm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.15.6 において追加)

guestfs_md_stat

 struct guestfs_mdstat_list *
 guestfs_md_stat (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *md);

This call returns a list of the underlying devices which make up the single software RAID array device "md".

ソフトウェア RAID デバイスの一覧を取得するには、"guestfs_list_md_devices" を呼び出します。

Each structure returned corresponds to one device along with additional status information:

"mdstat_device"
下にあるデバイスの名前です。
"mdstat_index"
配列の中にあるこのデバイスのインデックスです。
"mdstat_flags"
Flags associated with this device. This is a string containing (in no specific order) zero or more of the following flags:
"W"
ほとんど書き込み
"F"
デバイス故障
"S"
RAIDスペアデバイス
"R"
置換

This function returns a "struct guestfs_mdstat_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_mdstat_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "mdadm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.21 において追加)

guestfs_md_stop

 int
 guestfs_md_stop (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *md);

このコマンドは "md" という名前の MD アレイを無効化します。デバイスが停止されますが、破壊またはゼロ書き込みされません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mdadm". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.15.6 において追加)

guestfs_mkdir

 int
 guestfs_mkdir (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path);

"path" という名前のディレクトリーを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_mkdir_mode

 int
 guestfs_mkdir_mode (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path,
                     int mode);

このコマンドはディレクトリーを作成します、ディレクトリーの初期パーミッションを "mode" に設定します。

一般的な Linux ファイルシステムに対して、設定されている実際のモードが "mode & ~umask & 01777" とされます。Linux 固有のファイルシステム以外は他の方法でモードを解釈します。

"guestfs_mkdir", "guestfs_umask" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_mkdir_p

 int
 guestfs_mkdir_p (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

"path" という名前のディレクトリーを作成します、必要に応じて親ディレクトリーを作成します。これは "mkdir -p" シェルコマンドと似ています。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_mkdtemp

 char *
 guestfs_mkdtemp (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *tmpl);

This command creates a temporary directory. The "tmpl" parameter should be a full pathname for the temporary directory name with the final six characters being ``XXXXXX''.

例: ``/tmp/myprogXXXXXX'' または ``/Temp/myprogXXXXXX''、2 つめの例は Windows ファイルシステムに適しています。

作成された一時ディレクトリーの名前を返します。

一時ディレクトリーがモード 0700 で作成され、root により所有されます。

The caller is responsible for deleting the temporary directory and its contents after use.

関連項目: mkdtemp(3)

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_mke2fs

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device,
                 ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_BLOCKSCOUNT, int64_t blockscount,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_BLOCKSIZE, int64_t blocksize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_FRAGSIZE, int64_t fragsize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_BLOCKSPERGROUP, int64_t blockspergroup,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_NUMBEROFGROUPS, int64_t numberofgroups,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_BYTESPERINODE, int64_t bytesperinode,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_INODESIZE, int64_t inodesize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_JOURNALSIZE, int64_t journalsize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_NUMBEROFINODES, int64_t numberofinodes,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_STRIDESIZE, int64_t stridesize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_STRIPEWIDTH, int64_t stripewidth,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_MAXONLINERESIZE, int64_t maxonlineresize,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_RESERVEDBLOCKSPERCENTAGE, int reservedblockspercentage,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_MMPUPDATEINTERVAL, int mmpupdateinterval,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_JOURNALDEVICE, const char *journaldevice,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_LABEL, const char *label,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_LASTMOUNTEDDIR, const char *lastmounteddir,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_CREATOROS, const char *creatoros,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_FSTYPE, const char *fstype,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_USAGETYPE, const char *usagetype,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_UUID, const char *uuid,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_FORCECREATE, int forcecreate,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_WRITESBANDGROUPONLY, int writesbandgrouponly,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_LAZYITABLEINIT, int lazyitableinit,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_LAZYJOURNALINIT, int lazyjournalinit,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_TESTFS, int testfs,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_DISCARD, int discard,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_QUOTATYPE, int quotatype,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_EXTENT, int extent,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_FILETYPE, int filetype,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_FLEXBG, int flexbg,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_HASJOURNAL, int hasjournal,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_JOURNALDEV, int journaldev,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_LARGEFILE, int largefile,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_QUOTA, int quota,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_RESIZEINODE, int resizeinode,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_SPARSESUPER, int sparsesuper,
 GUESTFS_MKE2FS_UNINITBG, int uninitbg,

"mke2fs" is used to create an ext2, ext3, or ext4 filesystem on "device".

The optional "blockscount" is the size of the filesystem in blocks. If omitted it defaults to the size of "device". Note if the filesystem is too small to contain a journal, "mke2fs" will silently create an ext2 filesystem instead.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.44 において追加)

guestfs_mke2fs_va

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs_va (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mke2fs'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mke2fs_argv

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      const struct guestfs_mke2fs_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_mke2fs''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mke2fs_J

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs_J (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *fstype,
                   int blocksize,
                   const char *device,
                   const char *journal);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部ジャーナルを "journal" に持つ ext2/3/4 ファイルシステムを "device" に作成します。次のコマンドと同じです:

 mke2fs -t fstype -b blocksize -J device=<journal> <device>

"guestfs_mke2journal" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mke2fs_JL

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs_JL (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *fstype,
                    int blocksize,
                    const char *device,
                    const char *label);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部ジャーナルをジャーナルラベル "label" に持つ ext2/3/4 ファイルシステムを "device" に作成します。

"guestfs_mke2journal_L" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mke2fs_JU

 int
 guestfs_mke2fs_JU (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *fstype,
                    int blocksize,
                    const char *device,
                    const char *uuid);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部ジャーナルを UUID "uuid" のジャーナルに持つ ext2/3/4 ファイルシステムを "device" に作成します。

"guestfs_mke2journal_U" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxfsuuid". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mke2journal

 int
 guestfs_mke2journal (guestfs_h *g,
                      int blocksize,
                      const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは "device" に ext2 外部ジャーナルを作成します。次のコマンドと同じです:

 mke2fs -O journal_dev -b blocksize device

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mke2journal_L

 int
 guestfs_mke2journal_L (guestfs_h *g,
                        int blocksize,
                        const char *label,
                        const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これはラベル "label" を持つ "device" に ext2 外部ジャーナルを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mke2journal_U

 int
 guestfs_mke2journal_U (guestfs_h *g,
                        int blocksize,
                        const char *uuid,
                        const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mke2fs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This creates an ext2 external journal on "device" with UUID "uuid".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxfsuuid". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mkfifo

 int
 guestfs_mkfifo (guestfs_h *g,
                 int mode,
                 const char *path);

This call creates a FIFO (named pipe) called "path" with mode "mode". It is just a convenient wrapper around "guestfs_mknod".

Unlike with "guestfs_mknod", "mode" must contain only permissions bits.

実際に設定されるモードは umask により影響されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mknod". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkfs

 int
 guestfs_mkfs (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *fstype,
               const char *device);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_mkfs_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_mkfs_opts

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *fstype,
                    const char *device,
                    ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MKFS_OPTS_BLOCKSIZE, int blocksize,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_OPTS_FEATURES, const char *features,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_OPTS_INODE, int inode,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_OPTS_SECTORSIZE, int sectorsize,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_OPTS_LABEL, const char *label,

This function creates a filesystem on "device". The filesystem type is "fstype", for example "ext3".

オプション引数は次のとおりです:

"blocksize"
ファイルシステムのブロック容量です。サポートされるブロック容量は、ファイルシステムの形式に依存します。一般的に Linux ext2/3 ファイルシステムには 1024, 2048 または 4096 です。

For VFAT and NTFS the "blocksize" parameter is treated as the requested cluster size.

UFS ブロック容量は mkfs.ufs(8) を参照してください。

"特徴"
これは -O パラメーターを外部の mkfs プログラムに渡します。

特定のファイルシステム形式には、追加のファイルシステム機能が選択できます。詳細は mke2fs(8) および mkfs.ufs(8) を参照してください。

"gfs" または "gfs2" ファイルシステム形式ではこのオプションのパラメーターを使用できません。

"inode"
This passes the -I parameter to the external mke2fs(8) program which sets the inode size (only for ext2/3/4 filesystems at present).
"sectorsize"
This passes the -S parameter to external mkfs.ufs(8) program, which sets sector size for ufs filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_mkfs_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *fstype,
                       const char *device,
                       va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mkfs_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mkfs_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *fstype,
                         const char *device,
                         const struct guestfs_mkfs_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mkfs_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mkfs_b

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_b (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *fstype,
                 int blocksize,
                 const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mkfs'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This call is similar to "guestfs_mkfs", but it allows you to control the block size of the resulting filesystem. Supported block sizes depend on the filesystem type, but typically they are 1024, 2048 or 4096 only.

For VFAT and NTFS the "blocksize" parameter is treated as the requested cluster size.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mkfs_btrfs

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_btrfs (guestfs_h *g,
                     char *const *devices,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_ALLOCSTART, int64_t allocstart,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_BYTECOUNT, int64_t bytecount,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_DATATYPE, const char *datatype,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_LEAFSIZE, int leafsize,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_LABEL, const char *label,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_METADATA, const char *metadata,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_NODESIZE, int nodesize,
 GUESTFS_MKFS_BTRFS_SECTORSIZE, int sectorsize,

すべての設定可能なものについて設定を許可して、btrfs ファイルシステムを作成します。オプション引数の詳細は mkfs.btrfs(8) を参照してください。

btrfs ファイルシステムは複数のデバイスを結合できるので、これは非空白のデバイス一覧をとります。

一般的なファイルシステムを作成するには "guestfs_mkfs" を使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "btrfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.25 において追加)

guestfs_mkfs_btrfs_va

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_btrfs_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        char *const *devices,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mkfs_btrfs'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mkfs_btrfs_argv

 int
 guestfs_mkfs_btrfs_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          char *const *devices,
                          const struct guestfs_mkfs_btrfs_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mkfs_btrfs'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mklost_and_found

 int
 guestfs_mklost_and_found (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *mountpoint);

Make the "lost+found" directory, normally in the root directory of an ext2/3/4 filesystem. "mountpoint" is the directory under which we try to create the "lost+found" directory.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.56 において追加)

guestfs_mkmountpoint

 int
 guestfs_mkmountpoint (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *exemptpath);

"guestfs_mkmountpoint" および "guestfs_rmmountpoint" は、最初のファイルシステムをマウントする前に追加のマウントポイントを作成するために使用できる、特別な呼び出しです。

These calls are only necessary in some very limited circumstances, mainly the case where you want to mount a mix of unrelated and/or read-only filesystems together.

For example, live CDs often contain a ``Russian doll'' nest of filesystems, an ISO outer layer, with a squashfs image inside, with an ext2/3 image inside that. You can unpack this as follows in guestfish:

 add-ro Fedora-11-i686-Live.iso
 run
 mkmountpoint /cd
 mkmountpoint /sqsh
 mkmountpoint /ext3fs
 mount /dev/sda /cd
 mount-loop /cd/LiveOS/squashfs.img /sqsh
 mount-loop /sqsh/LiveOS/ext3fs.img /ext3fs

The inner filesystem is now unpacked under the /ext3fs mountpoint.

"guestfs_mkmountpoint" is not compatible with "guestfs_umount_all". You may get unexpected errors if you try to mix these calls. It is safest to manually unmount filesystems and remove mountpoints after use.

"guestfs_umount_all" unmounts filesystems by sorting the paths longest first, so for this to work for manual mountpoints, you must ensure that the innermost mountpoints have the longest pathnames, as in the example code above.

詳細は https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=599503 を参照してください

Autosync [see "guestfs_set_autosync", this is set by default on handles] can cause "guestfs_umount_all" to be called when the handle is closed which can also trigger these issues.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.62 において追加)

guestfs_mknod

 int
 guestfs_mknod (guestfs_h *g,
                int mode,
                int devmajor,
                int devminor,
                const char *path);

This call creates block or character special devices, or named pipes (FIFOs).

The "mode" parameter should be the mode, using the standard constants. "devmajor" and "devminor" are the device major and minor numbers, only used when creating block and character special devices.

Note that, just like mknod(2), the mode must be bitwise OR'd with S_IFBLK, S_IFCHR, S_IFIFO or S_IFSOCK (otherwise this call just creates a regular file). These constants are available in the standard Linux header files, or you can use "guestfs_mknod_b", "guestfs_mknod_c" or "guestfs_mkfifo" which are wrappers around this command which bitwise OR in the appropriate constant for you.

実際に設定されるモードは umask により影響されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mknod". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mknod_b

 int
 guestfs_mknod_b (guestfs_h *g,
                  int mode,
                  int devmajor,
                  int devminor,
                  const char *path);

This call creates a block device node called "path" with mode "mode" and device major/minor "devmajor" and "devminor". It is just a convenient wrapper around "guestfs_mknod".

Unlike with "guestfs_mknod", "mode" must contain only permissions bits.

実際に設定されるモードは umask により影響されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mknod". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mknod_c

 int
 guestfs_mknod_c (guestfs_h *g,
                  int mode,
                  int devmajor,
                  int devminor,
                  const char *path);

This call creates a char device node called "path" with mode "mode" and device major/minor "devmajor" and "devminor". It is just a convenient wrapper around "guestfs_mknod".

Unlike with "guestfs_mknod", "mode" must contain only permissions bits.

実際に設定されるモードは umask により影響されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "mknod". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkswap

 int
 guestfs_mkswap (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_mkswap_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkswap_opts

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MKSWAP_OPTS_LABEL, const char *label,
 GUESTFS_MKSWAP_OPTS_UUID, const char *uuid,

Linux swap パーティションを "device" に作成します。

The option arguments "label" and "uuid" allow you to set the label and/or UUID of the new swap partition.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkswap_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device,
                         va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mkswap_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mkswap_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *device,
                           const struct guestfs_mkswap_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mkswap_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mkswap_L

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_L (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *label,
                   const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mkswap'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

ラベル "label" を持つ "device" に swap パーティションを作成します。

Note that you cannot attach a swap label to a block device (eg. /dev/sda), just to a partition. This appears to be a limitation of the kernel or swap tools.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkswap_U

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_U (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *uuid,
                   const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_mkswap'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

UUID "uuid""device" に swap パーティションを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxfsuuid". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_mkswap_file

 int
 guestfs_mkswap_file (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *path);

swap ファイルを作成します。

This command just writes a swap file signature to an existing file. To create the file itself, use something like "guestfs_fallocate".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_mktemp

 char *
 guestfs_mktemp (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *tmpl,
                 ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MKTEMP_SUFFIX, const char *suffix,

This command creates a temporary file. The "tmpl" parameter should be a full pathname for the temporary directory name with the final six characters being ``XXXXXX''.

例: ``/tmp/myprogXXXXXX'' または ``/Temp/myprogXXXXXX''、2 つめの例は Windows ファイルシステムに適しています。

The name of the temporary file that was created is returned.

The temporary file is created with mode 0600 and is owned by root.

The caller is responsible for deleting the temporary file after use.

If the optional "suffix" parameter is given, then the suffix (eg. ".txt") is appended to the temporary name.

関連項目: "guestfs_mkdtemp".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.19.53 において追加)

guestfs_mktemp_va

 char *
 guestfs_mktemp_va (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *tmpl,
                    va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mktemp'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mktemp_argv

 char *
 guestfs_mktemp_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *tmpl,
                      const struct guestfs_mktemp_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mktemp'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_modprobe

 int
 guestfs_modprobe (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *modulename);

アプライアンスにカーネルモジュールを読み込みます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxmodules". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.68 において追加)

guestfs_mount

 int
 guestfs_mount (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *mountable,
                const char *mountpoint);

Mount a guest disk at a position in the filesystem. Block devices are named /dev/sda, /dev/sdb and so on, as they were added to the guest. If those block devices contain partitions, they will have the usual names (eg. /dev/sda1). Also LVM /dev/VG/LV-style names can be used, or 'mountable' strings returned by "guestfs_list_filesystems" or "guestfs_inspect_get_mountpoints".

The rules are the same as for mount(2): A filesystem must first be mounted on / before others can be mounted. Other filesystems can only be mounted on directories which already exist.

The mounted filesystem is writable, if we have sufficient permissions on the underlying device.

Before libguestfs 1.13.16, this call implicitly added the options "sync" and "noatime". The "sync" option greatly slowed writes and caused many problems for users. If your program might need to work with older versions of libguestfs, use "guestfs_mount_options" instead (using an empty string for the first parameter if you don't want any options).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_mount_9p

 int
 guestfs_mount_9p (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *mounttag,
                   const char *mountpoint,
                   ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MOUNT_9P_OPTIONS, const char *options,

タグ "mounttag" を持つ virtio-9p ファイルシステムをディレクトリ "mountpoint" にマウントします。

If required, "trans=virtio" will be automatically added to the options. Any other options required can be passed in the optional "options" parameter.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.11.12 において追加)

guestfs_mount_9p_va

 int
 guestfs_mount_9p_va (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *mounttag,
                      const char *mountpoint,
                      va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mount_9p'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mount_9p_argv

 int
 guestfs_mount_9p_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *mounttag,
                        const char *mountpoint,
                        const struct guestfs_mount_9p_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mount_9p'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mount_local

 int
 guestfs_mount_local (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *localmountpoint,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_READONLY, int readonly,
 GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_OPTIONS, const char *options,
 GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_CACHETIMEOUT, int cachetimeout,
 GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_DEBUGCALLS, int debugcalls,

This call exports the libguestfs-accessible filesystem to a local mountpoint (directory) called "localmountpoint". Ordinary reads and writes to files and directories under "localmountpoint" are redirected through libguestfs.

If the optional "readonly" flag is set to true, then writes to the filesystem return error "EROFS".

"options" is a comma-separated list of mount options. See guestmount(1) for some useful options.

"cachetimeout" sets the timeout (in seconds) for cached directory entries. The default is 60 seconds. See guestmount(1) for further information.

If "debugcalls" is set to true, then additional debugging information is generated for every FUSE call.

When "guestfs_mount_local" returns, the filesystem is ready, but is not processing requests (access to it will block). You have to call "guestfs_mount_local_run" to run the main loop.

完全なドキュメントは ``MOUNT LOCAL'' を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.22 において追加)

guestfs_mount_local_va

 int
 guestfs_mount_local_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *localmountpoint,
                         va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_mount_local'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mount_local_argv

 int
 guestfs_mount_local_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *localmountpoint,
                           const struct guestfs_mount_local_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_mount_local'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_mount_local_run

 int
 guestfs_mount_local_run (guestfs_h *g);

Run the main loop which translates kernel calls to libguestfs calls.

This should only be called after "guestfs_mount_local" returns successfully. The call will not return until the filesystem is unmounted.

Note you must not make concurrent libguestfs calls on the same handle from another thread.

You may call this from a different thread than the one which called "guestfs_mount_local", subject to the usual rules for threads and libguestfs (see ``MULTIPLE HANDLES AND MULTIPLE THREADS'').

完全なドキュメントは ``MOUNT LOCAL'' を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.22 において追加)

guestfs_mount_loop

 int
 guestfs_mount_loop (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *file,
                     const char *mountpoint);

This command lets you mount file (a filesystem image in a file) on a mount point. It is entirely equivalent to the command "mount -o loop file mountpoint".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_mount_options

 int
 guestfs_mount_options (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *options,
                        const char *mountable,
                        const char *mountpoint);

This is the same as the "guestfs_mount" command, but it allows you to set the mount options as for the mount(8) -o flag.

If the "options" parameter is an empty string, then no options are passed (all options default to whatever the filesystem uses).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.10 において追加)

guestfs_mount_ro

 int
 guestfs_mount_ro (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *mountable,
                   const char *mountpoint);

This is the same as the "guestfs_mount" command, but it mounts the filesystem with the read-only (-o ro) flag.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.10 において追加)

guestfs_mount_vfs

 int
 guestfs_mount_vfs (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *options,
                    const char *vfstype,
                    const char *mountable,
                    const char *mountpoint);

This is the same as the "guestfs_mount" command, but it allows you to set both the mount options and the vfstype as for the mount(8) -o and -t flags.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.10 において追加)

guestfs_mountpoints

 char **
 guestfs_mountpoints (guestfs_h *g);

This call is similar to "guestfs_mounts". That call returns a list of devices. This one returns a hash table (map) of device name to directory where the device is mounted.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.62 において追加)

guestfs_mounts

 char **
 guestfs_mounts (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the list of currently mounted filesystems. It returns the list of devices (eg. /dev/sda1, /dev/VG/LV).

Some internal mounts are not shown.

関連項目: "guestfs_mountpoints"

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_mv

 int
 guestfs_mv (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *src,
             const char *dest);

This moves a file from "src" to "dest" where "dest" is either a destination filename or destination directory.

関連項目: "guestfs_rename"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_nr_devices

 int
 guestfs_nr_devices (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the number of whole block devices that were added. This is the same as the number of devices that would be returned if you called "guestfs_list_devices".

To find out the maximum number of devices that could be added, call "guestfs_max_disks".

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.15 において追加)

guestfs_ntfs_3g_probe

 int
 guestfs_ntfs_3g_probe (guestfs_h *g,
                        int rw,
                        const char *device);

This command runs the ntfs-3g.probe(8) command which probes an NTFS "device" for mountability. (Not all NTFS volumes can be mounted read-write, and some cannot be mounted at all).

"rw" is a boolean flag. Set it to true if you want to test if the volume can be mounted read-write. Set it to false if you want to test if the volume can be mounted read-only.

The return value is an integer which 0 if the operation would succeed, or some non-zero value documented in the ntfs-3g.probe(8) manual page.

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfs3g". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.43 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsclone_in

 int
 guestfs_ntfsclone_in (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *backupfile,
                       const char *device);

"backupfile" を(前に "guestfs_ntfsclone_out" を呼び出したところから) "device" に復元します。このデバイスの既存の内容はすべて上書きされます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfs3g". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.9 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsclone_out

 int
 guestfs_ntfsclone_out (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        const char *backupfile,
                        ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_NTFSCLONE_OUT_METADATAONLY, int metadataonly,
 GUESTFS_NTFSCLONE_OUT_RESCUE, int rescue,
 GUESTFS_NTFSCLONE_OUT_IGNOREFSCHECK, int ignorefscheck,
 GUESTFS_NTFSCLONE_OUT_PRESERVETIMESTAMPS, int preservetimestamps,
 GUESTFS_NTFSCLONE_OUT_FORCE, int force,

Stream the NTFS filesystem "device" to the local file "backupfile". The format used for the backup file is a special format used by the ntfsclone(8) tool.

If the optional "metadataonly" flag is true, then only the metadata is saved, losing all the user data (this is useful for diagnosing some filesystem problems).

オプションの "rescue", "ignorefscheck", "preservetimestamps" および "force" フラグは ntfsclone(8) マニュアルページに詳細な意味が説明されています。

libguestfs デバイスにファイルを復元するには "guestfs_ntfsclone_in" を使用します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfs3g". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.9 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsclone_out_va

 int
 guestfs_ntfsclone_out_va (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *device,
                           const char *backupfile,
                           va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsclone_out'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsclone_out_argv

 int
 guestfs_ntfsclone_out_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *device,
                             const char *backupfile,
                             const struct guestfs_ntfsclone_out_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsclone_out'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsfix

 int
 guestfs_ntfsfix (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *device,
                  ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_NTFSFIX_CLEARBADSECTORS, int clearbadsectors,

このコマンドは、いくつかの基本的な NTFS の不整合を修復し、 NTFS ジャーナルファイルをリセットし、次回 Windows 起動時に NTFS 完全性チェックをスケジュール化します。

これは Windows の "chkdsk" と同等では ありません 。不整合に対してファイルシステムをスキャン しません

オプションの "clearbadsectors" フラグは不良セクターの一覧をクリアします。不良セクターを持つディスクを新しいディスクにクローンした後に有用です。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfs3g". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.9 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsfix_va

 int
 guestfs_ntfsfix_va (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device,
                     va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsfix'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsfix_argv

 int
 guestfs_ntfsfix_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       const struct guestfs_ntfsfix_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsfix'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsresize

 int
 guestfs_ntfsresize (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_ntfsresize_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsresize_opts

 int
 guestfs_ntfsresize_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_NTFSRESIZE_OPTS_SIZE, int64_t size,
 GUESTFS_NTFSRESIZE_OPTS_FORCE, int force,

このコマンドは NTFS ファイルシステムの容量を変更します。基礎となるデバイスの容量まで拡張または縮小します。

オプションのパラメーターは次のとおりです:

"size"
ファイルシステムの新しい容量 (バイト単位)。省略されると、ファイルシステムはコンテナー (例: パーティション) に合うよう容量を変更されます。
"force"
If this option is true, then force the resize of the filesystem even if the filesystem is marked as requiring a consistency check.

After the resize operation, the filesystem is always marked as requiring a consistency check (for safety). You have to boot into Windows to perform this check and clear this condition. If you don't set the "force" option then it is not possible to call "guestfs_ntfsresize" multiple times on a single filesystem without booting into Windows between each resize.

ntfsresize(8) 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfsprogs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_ntfsresize_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_ntfsresize_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                             const char *device,
                             va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsresize_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsresize_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_ntfsresize_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *device,
                               const struct guestfs_ntfsresize_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_ntfsresize_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_ntfsresize_size

 int
 guestfs_ntfsresize_size (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          int64_t size);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_ntfsresize'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command is the same as "guestfs_ntfsresize" except that it allows you to specify the new size (in bytes) explicitly.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "ntfsprogs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.14 において追加)

guestfs_parse_environment

 int
 guestfs_parse_environment (guestfs_h *g);

Parse the program's environment and set flags in the handle accordingly. For example if "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG=1" then the 'verbose' flag is set in the handle.

Most programs do not need to call this. It is done implicitly when you call "guestfs_create".

See ``ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES'' for a list of environment variables that can affect libguestfs handles. See also ``guestfs_create_flags'', and "guestfs_parse_environment_list".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.53 において追加)

guestfs_parse_environment_list

 int
 guestfs_parse_environment_list (guestfs_h *g,
                                 char *const *environment);

Parse the list of strings in the argument "environment" and set flags in the handle accordingly. For example if "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG=1" is a string in the list, then the 'verbose' flag is set in the handle.

This is the same as "guestfs_parse_environment" except that it parses an explicit list of strings instead of the program's environment.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.53 において追加)

guestfs_part_add

 int
 guestfs_part_add (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   const char *prlogex,
                   int64_t startsect,
                   int64_t endsect);

This command adds a partition to "device". If there is no partition table on the device, call "guestfs_part_init" first.

The "prlogex" parameter is the type of partition. Normally you should pass "p" or "primary" here, but MBR partition tables also support "l" (or "logical") and "e" (or "extended") partition types.

"startsect" and "endsect" are the start and end of the partition in sectors. "endsect" may be negative, which means it counts backwards from the end of the disk ("-1" is the last sector).

Creating a partition which covers the whole disk is not so easy. Use "guestfs_part_disk" to do that.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_del

 int
 guestfs_part_del (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   int partnum);

このコマンドは "device" にある "partnum" 番のパーティションを削除します。

Note that in the case of MBR partitioning, deleting an extended partition also deletes any logical partitions it contains.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_part_disk

 int
 guestfs_part_disk (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    const char *parttype);

This command is simply a combination of "guestfs_part_init" followed by "guestfs_part_add" to create a single primary partition covering the whole disk.

"parttype" is the partition table type, usually "mbr" or "gpt", but other possible values are described in "guestfs_part_init".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_get_bootable

 int
 guestfs_part_get_bootable (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum);

"device" にあるパーティション "partnum" にブート可能フラグが設定されていると、このコマンドは真を返します。

"guestfs_part_set_bootable" 参照。

This function returns a C truth value on success or -1 on error.

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_part_get_gpt_guid

 char *
 guestfs_part_get_gpt_guid (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum);

Return the GUID of numbered GPT partition "partnum".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "gdisk". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.25)

guestfs_part_get_gpt_type

 char *
 guestfs_part_get_gpt_type (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum);

Return the type GUID of numbered GPT partition "partnum". For MBR partitions, return an appropriate GUID corresponding to the MBR type. Behaviour is undefined for other partition types.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

This function depends on the feature "gdisk". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.21.1 において追加)

guestfs_part_get_mbr_id

 int
 guestfs_part_get_mbr_id (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          int partnum);

Returns the MBR type byte (also known as the ID byte) from the numbered partition "partnum".

Note that only MBR (old DOS-style) partitions have type bytes. You will get undefined results for other partition table types (see "guestfs_part_get_parttype").

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_part_get_mbr_part_type

 char *
 guestfs_part_get_mbr_part_type (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *device,
                                 int partnum);

This returns the partition type of an MBR partition numbered "partnum" on device "device".

It returns "primary", "logical", or "extended".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.29.32)

guestfs_part_get_name

 char *
 guestfs_part_get_name (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        int partnum);

This gets the partition name on partition numbered "partnum" on device "device". Note that partitions are numbered from 1.

The partition name can only be read on certain types of partition table. This works on "gpt" but not on "mbr" partitions.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(Added in 1.25.33)

guestfs_part_get_parttype

 char *
 guestfs_part_get_parttype (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device);

This command examines the partition table on "device" and returns the partition table type (format) being used.

Common return values include: "msdos" (a DOS/Windows style MBR partition table), "gpt" (a GPT/EFI-style partition table). Other values are possible, although unusual. See "guestfs_part_init" for a full list.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_init

 int
 guestfs_part_init (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    const char *parttype);

This creates an empty partition table on "device" of one of the partition types listed below. Usually "parttype" should be either "msdos" or "gpt" (for large disks).

Initially there are no partitions. Following this, you should call "guestfs_part_add" for each partition required.

Possible values for "parttype" are:

efi
gpt
Intel EFI / GPT パーティションテーブル。

This is recommended for >= 2 TB partitions that will be accessed from Linux and Intel-based Mac OS X. It also has limited backwards compatibility with the "mbr" format.

mbr
msdos
The standard PC ``Master Boot Record'' (MBR) format used by MS-DOS and Windows. This partition type will only work for device sizes up to 2 TB. For large disks we recommend using "gpt".

Other partition table types that may work but are not supported include:

aix
AIX ディスクラベル。
amiga
rdb
Amiga ``Rigid Disk Block'' 形式。
bsd
BSD ディスクラベル.
dasd
DASD, IBM メインフレームにおいて使用.
dvh
MIPS/SGI ボリューム.
mac
古い Mac パーティション形式。最近の Mac は "gpt" を使用します。
pc98
NEC PC-98 形式。日本において一般的に見られます。
sun
Sun ディスクラベル

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_list

 struct guestfs_partition_list *
 guestfs_part_list (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device);

This command parses the partition table on "device" and returns the list of partitions found.

The fields in the returned structure are:

part_num
パーティション番号。1 から数えます。
part_start
Start of the partition in bytes. To get sectors you have to divide by the device's sector size, see "guestfs_blockdev_getss".
part_end
バイト単位のパーティションの終了位置。
part_size
バイト単位のパーティション容量。

This function returns a "struct guestfs_partition_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_partition_list" after use.

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_set_bootable

 int
 guestfs_part_set_bootable (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum,
                            int bootable);

デバイス "device" のパーティション番号 "partnum" にブート可能フラグを設定します。パーティションは 1 から番号が始まることに注意してください。

The bootable flag is used by some operating systems (notably Windows) to determine which partition to boot from. It is by no means universally recognized.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_set_gpt_guid

 int
 guestfs_part_set_gpt_guid (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum,
                            const char *guid);

Set the GUID of numbered GPT partition "partnum" to "guid". Return an error if the partition table of "device" isn't GPT, or if "guid" is not a valid GUID.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "gdisk". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(Added in 1.29.25)

guestfs_part_set_gpt_type

 int
 guestfs_part_set_gpt_type (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *device,
                            int partnum,
                            const char *guid);

Set the type GUID of numbered GPT partition "partnum" to "guid". Return an error if the partition table of "device" isn't GPT, or if "guid" is not a valid GUID.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GUID_Partition_Table#Partition_type_GUIDs for a useful list of type GUIDs.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "gdisk". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.21.1 において追加)

guestfs_part_set_mbr_id

 int
 guestfs_part_set_mbr_id (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          int partnum,
                          int idbyte);

Sets the MBR type byte (also known as the ID byte) of the numbered partition "partnum" to "idbyte". Note that the type bytes quoted in most documentation are in fact hexadecimal numbers, but usually documented without any leading ``0x'' which might be confusing.

Note that only MBR (old DOS-style) partitions have type bytes. You will get undefined results for other partition table types (see "guestfs_part_get_parttype").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_part_set_name

 int
 guestfs_part_set_name (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        int partnum,
                        const char *name);

This sets the partition name on partition numbered "partnum" on device "device". Note that partitions are numbered from 1.

The partition name can only be set on certain types of partition table. This works on "gpt" but not on "mbr" partitions.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.78 において追加)

guestfs_part_to_dev

 char *
 guestfs_part_to_dev (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *partition);

This function takes a partition name (eg. ``/dev/sdb1'') and removes the partition number, returning the device name (eg. ``/dev/sdb'').

The named partition must exist, for example as a string returned from "guestfs_list_partitions".

"guestfs_part_to_partnum", "guestfs_device_index" 参照。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.5.15 において追加)

guestfs_part_to_partnum

 int
 guestfs_part_to_partnum (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *partition);

This function takes a partition name (eg. ``/dev/sdb1'') and returns the partition number (eg. 1).

The named partition must exist, for example as a string returned from "guestfs_list_partitions".

"guestfs_part_to_dev" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.13.25 において追加)

guestfs_ping_daemon

 int
 guestfs_ping_daemon (guestfs_h *g);

This is a test probe into the guestfs daemon running inside the libguestfs appliance. Calling this function checks that the daemon responds to the ping message, without affecting the daemon or attached block device(s) in any other way.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.18 において追加)

guestfs_pread

 char *
 guestfs_pread (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path,
                int count,
                int64_t offset,
                size_t *size_r);

This command lets you read part of a file. It reads "count" bytes of the file, starting at "offset", from file "path".

This may read fewer bytes than requested. For further details see the pread(2) system call.

"guestfs_pwrite", "guestfs_pread_device" 参照。

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_pread_device

 char *
 guestfs_pread_device (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       int count,
                       int64_t offset,
                       size_t *size_r);

This command lets you read part of a block device. It reads "count" bytes of "device", starting at "offset".

This may read fewer bytes than requested. For further details see the pread(2) system call.

"guestfs_pread" 参照。

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.5.21 において追加)

guestfs_pvchange_uuid

 int
 guestfs_pvchange_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device);

物理ボリューム "device" に対する新しいランダムな UUID を生成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.26 において追加)

guestfs_pvchange_uuid_all

 int
 guestfs_pvchange_uuid_all (guestfs_h *g);

すべての物理ボリュームに対する新しいランダムな UUID を生成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.26 において追加)

guestfs_pvcreate

 int
 guestfs_pvcreate (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

This creates an LVM physical volume on the named "device", where "device" should usually be a partition name such as /dev/sda1.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_pvremove

 int
 guestfs_pvremove (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

This wipes a physical volume "device" so that LVM will no longer recognise it.

The implementation uses the "pvremove" command which refuses to wipe physical volumes that contain any volume groups, so you have to remove those first.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.13 において追加)

guestfs_pvresize

 int
 guestfs_pvresize (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

This resizes (expands or shrinks) an existing LVM physical volume to match the new size of the underlying device.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_pvresize_size

 int
 guestfs_pvresize_size (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        int64_t size);

This command is the same as "guestfs_pvresize" except that it allows you to specify the new size (in bytes) explicitly.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.14 において追加)

guestfs_pvs

 char **
 guestfs_pvs (guestfs_h *g);

List all the physical volumes detected. This is the equivalent of the pvs(8) command.

This returns a list of just the device names that contain PVs (eg. /dev/sda2).

"guestfs_pvs_full" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_pvs_full

 struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *
 guestfs_pvs_full (guestfs_h *g);

List all the physical volumes detected. This is the equivalent of the pvs(8) command. The ``full'' version includes all fields.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_lvm_pv_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_pvuuid

 char *
 guestfs_pvuuid (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device);

このコマンドは LVM PV "device"UUID を返します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_pwrite

 int
 guestfs_pwrite (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *path,
                 const char *content,
                 size_t content_size,
                 int64_t offset);

This command writes to part of a file. It writes the data buffer "content" to the file "path" starting at offset "offset".

This command implements the pwrite(2) system call, and like that system call it may not write the full data requested. The return value is the number of bytes that were actually written to the file. This could even be 0, although short writes are unlikely for regular files in ordinary circumstances.

"guestfs_pread", "guestfs_pwrite_device" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.3.14 において追加)

guestfs_pwrite_device

 int
 guestfs_pwrite_device (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        const char *content,
                        size_t content_size,
                        int64_t offset);

This command writes to part of a device. It writes the data buffer "content" to "device" starting at offset "offset".

This command implements the pwrite(2) system call, and like that system call it may not write the full data requested (although short writes to disk devices and partitions are probably impossible with standard Linux kernels).

"guestfs_pwrite" 参照。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.5.20 において追加)

guestfs_read_file

 char *
 guestfs_read_file (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *path,
                    size_t *size_r);

This calls returns the contents of the file "path" as a buffer.

Unlike "guestfs_cat", this function can correctly handle files that contain embedded ASCII NUL characters.

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

(1.0.63 において追加)

guestfs_read_lines

 char **
 guestfs_read_lines (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path);

"path" という名前のファイルの内容を返します。

The file contents are returned as a list of lines. Trailing "LF" and "CRLF" character sequences are not returned.

Note that this function cannot correctly handle binary files (specifically, files containing "\0" character which is treated as end of string). For those you need to use the "guestfs_read_file" function and split the buffer into lines yourself.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(0.7 において追加)

guestfs_readdir

 struct guestfs_dirent_list *
 guestfs_readdir (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *dir);

This returns the list of directory entries in directory "dir".

All entries in the directory are returned, including "." and "..". The entries are not sorted, but returned in the same order as the underlying filesystem.

Also this call returns basic file type information about each file. The "ftyp" field will contain one of the following characters:

'b'
ブロック特殊
'c'
キャラクター特殊
'd'
ディレクトリ
'f'
FIFO (名前付きパイプ)
'l'
シンボリックリンク
'r'
通常のファイル
's'
ソケット
'u'
未知のファイル種別
'?'
The readdir(3) call returned a "d_type" field with an unexpected value

This function is primarily intended for use by programs. To get a simple list of names, use "guestfs_ls". To get a printable directory for human consumption, use "guestfs_ll".

この関数は "struct guestfs_dirent_list *" を返します。もしくは、エラーが発生すると NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_dirent_list" を呼び出す必要があります

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_readlink

 char *
 guestfs_readlink (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *path);

このコマンドはシンボリックリンクの参照先を読み込みます。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_readlinklist

 char **
 guestfs_readlinklist (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       char *const *names);

This call allows you to do a "readlink" operation on multiple files, where all files are in the directory "path". "names" is the list of files from this directory.

On return you get a list of strings, with a one-to-one correspondence to the "names" list. Each string is the value of the symbolic link.

If the readlink(2) operation fails on any name, then the corresponding result string is the empty string "". However the whole operation is completed even if there were readlink(2) errors, and so you can call this function with names where you don't know if they are symbolic links already (albeit slightly less efficient).

This call is intended for programs that want to efficiently list a directory contents without making many round-trips.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_realpath

 char *
 guestfs_realpath (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *path);

Return the canonicalized absolute pathname of "path". The returned path has no ".", ".." or symbolic link path elements.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_remount

 int
 guestfs_remount (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *mountpoint,
                  ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_REMOUNT_RW, int rw,

This call allows you to change the "rw" (readonly/read-write) flag on an already mounted filesystem at "mountpoint", converting a readonly filesystem to be read-write, or vice-versa.

Note that at the moment you must supply the ``optional'' "rw" parameter. In future we may allow other flags to be adjusted.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.23.2)

guestfs_remount_va

 int
 guestfs_remount_va (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *mountpoint,
                     va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_remount''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_remount_argv

 int
 guestfs_remount_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *mountpoint,
                       const struct guestfs_remount_argv *optargs);

This is the ``argv variant'' of ``guestfs_remount''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_remove_drive

 int
 guestfs_remove_drive (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *label);

This function is conceptually the opposite of "guestfs_add_drive_opts". It removes the drive that was previously added with label "label".

Note that in order to remove drives, you have to add them with labels (see the optional "label" argument to "guestfs_add_drive_opts"). If you didn't use a label, then they cannot be removed.

You can call this function before or after launching the handle. If called after launch, if the backend supports it, we try to hot unplug the drive: see ``HOTPLUGGING''. The disk must not be in use (eg. mounted) when you do this. We try to detect if the disk is in use and stop you from doing this.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.49 において追加)

guestfs_removexattr

 int
 guestfs_removexattr (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *xattr,
                      const char *path);

This call removes the extended attribute named "xattr" of the file "path".

関連項目: "guestfs_lremovexattr", attr(5)

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_rename

 int
 guestfs_rename (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *oldpath,
                 const char *newpath);

Rename a file to a new place on the same filesystem. This is the same as the Linux rename(2) system call. In most cases you are better to use "guestfs_mv" instead.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.21.5 において追加)

guestfs_resize2fs

 int
 guestfs_resize2fs (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device);

This resizes an ext2, ext3 or ext4 filesystem to match the size of the underlying device.

See also ``RESIZE2FS ERRORS''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.27 において追加)

guestfs_resize2fs_M

 int
 guestfs_resize2fs_M (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device);

This command is the same as "guestfs_resize2fs", but the filesystem is resized to its minimum size. This works like the -M option to the "resize2fs" command.

To get the resulting size of the filesystem you should call "guestfs_tune2fs_l" and read the "Block size" and "Block count" values. These two numbers, multiplied together, give the resulting size of the minimal filesystem in bytes.

See also ``RESIZE2FS ERRORS''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.9.4 において追加)

guestfs_resize2fs_size

 int
 guestfs_resize2fs_size (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device,
                         int64_t size);

This command is the same as "guestfs_resize2fs" except that it allows you to specify the new size (in bytes) explicitly.

See also ``RESIZE2FS ERRORS''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.14 において追加)

guestfs_rm

 int
 guestfs_rm (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *path);

単一ファイル "path" を削除します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_rm_f

 int
 guestfs_rm_f (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

ファイル "path" を削除します。

ファイルが存在しない場合、そのエラーは無視されます。(I/O エラーや不正なパスなど、他のエラーは無視されません)

This call cannot remove directories. Use "guestfs_rmdir" to remove an empty directory, or "guestfs_rm_rf" to remove directories recursively.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.42 において追加)

guestfs_rm_rf

 int
 guestfs_rm_rf (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path);

Remove the file or directory "path", recursively removing the contents if its a directory. This is like the "rm -rf" shell command.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_rmdir

 int
 guestfs_rmdir (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path);

単一ディレクトリ "path" を削除します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_rmmountpoint

 int
 guestfs_rmmountpoint (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *exemptpath);

This calls removes a mountpoint that was previously created with "guestfs_mkmountpoint". See "guestfs_mkmountpoint" for full details.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.62 において追加)

guestfs_rsync

 int
 guestfs_rsync (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *src,
                const char *dest,
                ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_RSYNC_ARCHIVE, int archive,
 GUESTFS_RSYNC_DELETEDEST, int deletedest,

This call may be used to copy or synchronize two directories under the same libguestfs handle. This uses the rsync(1) program which uses a fast algorithm that avoids copying files unnecessarily.

"src" and "dest" are the source and destination directories. Files are copied from "src" to "dest".

オプション引数は次のとおりです:

"archive"
Turns on archive mode. This is the same as passing the --archive flag to "rsync".
"deletedest"
Delete files at the destination that do not exist at the source.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "rsync". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.29 において追加)

guestfs_rsync_va

 int
 guestfs_rsync_va (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *src,
                   const char *dest,
                   va_list args);

This is the ``va_list variant'' of ``guestfs_rsync''.

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_rsync_argv

 int
 guestfs_rsync_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *src,
                     const char *dest,
                     const struct guestfs_rsync_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_rsync'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_rsync_in

 int
 guestfs_rsync_in (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *remote,
                   const char *dest,
                   ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_RSYNC_IN_ARCHIVE, int archive,
 GUESTFS_RSYNC_IN_DELETEDEST, int deletedest,

This call may be used to copy or synchronize the filesystem on the host or on a remote computer with the filesystem within libguestfs. This uses the rsync(1) program which uses a fast algorithm that avoids copying files unnecessarily.

This call only works if the network is enabled. See "guestfs_set_network" or the --network option to various tools like guestfish(1).

Files are copied from the remote server and directory specified by "remote" to the destination directory "dest".

The format of the remote server string is defined by rsync(1). Note that there is no way to supply a password or passphrase so the target must be set up not to require one.

オプションの引数は "guestfs_rsync" のものと同じです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "rsync". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.29 において追加)

guestfs_rsync_in_va

 int
 guestfs_rsync_in_va (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *remote,
                      const char *dest,
                      va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_rsync_in'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_rsync_in_argv

 int
 guestfs_rsync_in_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *remote,
                        const char *dest,
                        const struct guestfs_rsync_in_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_rsync_in'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_rsync_out

 int
 guestfs_rsync_out (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *src,
                    const char *remote,
                    ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_RSYNC_OUT_ARCHIVE, int archive,
 GUESTFS_RSYNC_OUT_DELETEDEST, int deletedest,

This call may be used to copy or synchronize the filesystem within libguestfs with a filesystem on the host or on a remote computer. This uses the rsync(1) program which uses a fast algorithm that avoids copying files unnecessarily.

This call only works if the network is enabled. See "guestfs_set_network" or the --network option to various tools like guestfish(1).

Files are copied from the source directory "src" to the remote server and directory specified by "remote".

The format of the remote server string is defined by rsync(1). Note that there is no way to supply a password or passphrase so the target must be set up not to require one.

オプションの引数は "guestfs_rsync" のものと同じです。

Globbing does not happen on the "src" parameter. In programs which use the API directly you have to expand wildcards yourself (see "guestfs_glob_expand"). In guestfish you can use the "glob" command (see ``glob'' in guestfish(1)), for example:

 ><fs> glob rsync-out /* rsync://remote/

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "rsync". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.29 において追加)

guestfs_rsync_out_va

 int
 guestfs_rsync_out_va (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *src,
                       const char *remote,
                       va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_rsync_out'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_rsync_out_argv

 int
 guestfs_rsync_out_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *src,
                         const char *remote,
                         const struct guestfs_rsync_out_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_rsync_out'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_scrub_device

 int
 guestfs_scrub_device (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device);

This command writes patterns over "device" to make data retrieval more difficult.

It is an interface to the scrub(1) program. See that manual page for more details.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "scrub". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.52 において追加)

guestfs_scrub_file

 int
 guestfs_scrub_file (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *file);

This command writes patterns over a file to make data retrieval more difficult.

The file is removed after scrubbing.

It is an interface to the scrub(1) program. See that manual page for more details.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "scrub". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.52 において追加)

guestfs_scrub_freespace

 int
 guestfs_scrub_freespace (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *dir);

This command creates the directory "dir" and then fills it with files until the filesystem is full, and scrubs the files as for "guestfs_scrub_file", and deletes them. The intention is to scrub any free space on the partition containing "dir".

It is an interface to the scrub(1) program. See that manual page for more details.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "scrub". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.52 において追加)

guestfs_set_append

 int
 guestfs_set_append (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *append);

This function is used to add additional options to the libguestfs appliance kernel command line.

"LIBGUESTFS_APPEND" 環境変数を設定して上書きされなければ、デフォルトは "NULL" です。

"append""NULL" に設定することは、追加のオプションが渡され ない ことを意味します(libguestfs は常に自身のいくつかを追加します)。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_set_attach_method

 int
 guestfs_set_attach_method (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *backend);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_set_backend'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

Set the method that libguestfs uses to connect to the backend guestfsd daemon.

See ``BACKEND''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.9.8 において追加)

guestfs_set_autosync

 int
 guestfs_set_autosync (guestfs_h *g,
                       int autosync);

If "autosync" is true, this enables autosync. Libguestfs will make a best effort attempt to make filesystems consistent and synchronized when the handle is closed (also if the program exits without closing handles).

デフォルトで有効です(libguestfs 1.5.24 以降、以前は デフォルトで無効でした)。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_set_backend

 int
 guestfs_set_backend (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *backend);

Set the method that libguestfs uses to connect to the backend guestfsd daemon.

This handle property was previously called the ``attach method''.

See ``BACKEND''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.21.26 において追加)

guestfs_set_backend_setting

 int
 guestfs_set_backend_setting (guestfs_h *g,
                              const char *name,
                              const char *val);

Append "name=value" to the backend settings string list. However if a string already exists matching "name" or beginning with "name=", then that setting is replaced.

See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.27.2)

guestfs_set_backend_settings

 int
 guestfs_set_backend_settings (guestfs_h *g,
                               char *const *settings);

Set a list of zero or more settings which are passed through to the current backend. Each setting is a string which is interpreted in a backend-specific way, or ignored if not understood by the backend.

The default value is an empty list, unless the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS" was set when the handle was created. This environment variable contains a colon-separated list of settings.

This call replaces all backend settings. If you want to replace a single backend setting, see "guestfs_set_backend_setting". If you want to clear a single backend setting, see "guestfs_clear_backend_setting".

See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.25.24)

guestfs_set_cachedir

 int
 guestfs_set_cachedir (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *cachedir);

Set the directory used by the handle to store the appliance cache, when using a supermin appliance. The appliance is cached and shared between all handles which have the same effective user ID.

The environment variables "LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR" and "TMPDIR" control the default value: If "LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR" is set, then that is the default. Else if "TMPDIR" is set, then that is the default. Else /var/tmp is the default.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.58 において追加)

guestfs_set_direct

 int
 guestfs_set_direct (guestfs_h *g,
                     int direct);

If the direct appliance mode flag is enabled, then stdin and stdout are passed directly through to the appliance once it is launched.

One consequence of this is that log messages aren't caught by the library and handled by "guestfs_set_log_message_callback", but go straight to stdout.

You probably don't want to use this unless you know what you are doing.

デフォルトは無効です。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.72 において追加)

guestfs_set_e2attrs

 int
 guestfs_set_e2attrs (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *file,
                      const char *attrs,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_SET_E2ATTRS_CLEAR, int clear,

This sets or clears the file attributes "attrs" associated with the inode file.

"attrs" はファイル属性を表す文字の列です。利用可能な属性の一覧は "guestfs_get_e2attrs" を参照してください。すべての属性が変更できるわけではありません。

If optional boolean "clear" is not present or false, then the "attrs" listed are set in the inode.

If "clear" is true, then the "attrs" listed are cleared in the inode.

In both cases, other attributes not present in the "attrs" string are left unchanged.

These attributes are only present when the file is located on an ext2/3/4 filesystem. Using this call on other filesystem types will result in an error.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.31 において追加)

guestfs_set_e2attrs_va

 int
 guestfs_set_e2attrs_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *file,
                         const char *attrs,
                         va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_set_e2attrs'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_set_e2attrs_argv

 int
 guestfs_set_e2attrs_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *file,
                           const char *attrs,
                           const struct guestfs_set_e2attrs_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_set_e2attrs'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_set_e2generation

 int
 guestfs_set_e2generation (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *file,
                           int64_t generation);

これはファイルの ext2 ファイル世代を設定します。

"guestfs_get_e2generation" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.31 において追加)

guestfs_set_e2label

 int
 guestfs_set_e2label (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      const char *label);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_set_label'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This sets the ext2/3/4 filesystem label of the filesystem on "device" to "label". Filesystem labels are limited to 16 characters.

You can use either "guestfs_tune2fs_l" or "guestfs_get_e2label" to return the existing label on a filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.15 において追加)

guestfs_set_e2uuid

 int
 guestfs_set_e2uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device,
                     const char *uuid);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_set_uuid'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This sets the ext2/3/4 filesystem UUID of the filesystem on "device" to "uuid". The format of the UUID and alternatives such as "clear", "random" and "time" are described in the tune2fs(8) manpage.

You can use "guestfs_vfs_uuid" to return the existing UUID of a filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.15 において追加)

guestfs_set_hv

 int
 guestfs_set_hv (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *hv);

Set the hypervisor binary that we will use. The hypervisor depends on the backend, but is usually the location of the qemu/KVM hypervisor. For the uml backend, it is the location of the "linux" or "vmlinux" binary.

The default is chosen when the library was compiled by the configure script.

You can also override this by setting the "LIBGUESTFS_HV" environment variable.

Note that you should call this function as early as possible after creating the handle. This is because some pre-launch operations depend on testing qemu features (by running "qemu -help"). If the qemu binary changes, we don't retest features, and so you might see inconsistent results. Using the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_HV" is safest of all since that picks the qemu binary at the same time as the handle is created.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.23.17)

guestfs_set_identifier

 int
 guestfs_set_identifier (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *identifier);

This is an informative string which the caller may optionally set in the handle. It is printed in various places, allowing the current handle to be identified in debugging output.

One important place is when tracing is enabled. If the identifier string is not an empty string, then trace messages change from this:

 libguestfs: trace: get_tmpdir
 libguestfs: trace: get_tmpdir = "/tmp"

to this:

 libguestfs: trace: ID: get_tmpdir
 libguestfs: trace: ID: get_tmpdir = "/tmp"

where "ID" is the identifier string set by this call.

The identifier must only contain alphanumeric ASCII characters, underscore and minus sign. The default is the empty string.

See also "guestfs_set_program", "guestfs_set_trace", "guestfs_get_identifier".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.31.14)

guestfs_set_label

 int
 guestfs_set_label (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *mountable,
                    const char *label);

Set the filesystem label on "mountable" to "label".

いくつかのファイルシステム形式のみがラベルをサポートします。そして libguestfs はこれらのサブセットのみにおいてラベルの設定をサポートします。

ext2, ext3, ext4
Labels are limited to 16 bytes.
NTFS
Labels are limited to 128 unicode characters.
XFS
The label is limited to 12 bytes. The filesystem must not be mounted when trying to set the label.
btrfs
The label is limited to 255 bytes and some characters are not allowed. Setting the label on a btrfs subvolume will set the label on its parent filesystem. The filesystem must not be mounted when trying to set the label.
fat
The label is limited to 11 bytes.

If there is no support for changing the label for the type of the specified filesystem, set_label will fail and set errno as ENOTSUP.

ファイルシステムにあるラベルを読み込むには "guestfs_vfs_label" を呼び出します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.9 において追加)

guestfs_set_libvirt_requested_credential

 int
 guestfs_set_libvirt_requested_credential (guestfs_h *g,
                                           int index,
                                           const char *cred,
                                           size_t cred_size);

After requesting the "index"'th credential from the user, call this function to pass the answer back to libvirt.

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_set_libvirt_supported_credentials

 int
 guestfs_set_libvirt_supported_credentials (guestfs_h *g,
                                            char *const *creds);

Call this function before setting an event handler for "GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH", to supply the list of credential types that the program knows how to process.

"creds" 一覧は文字列の空ではない一覧にする必要があります。利用可能な文字列は次のとおりです:

"username"
"authname"
"language"
"cnonce"
"passphrase"
"echoprompt"
"noechoprompt"
"realm"
"external"

これらのクレデンシャル種別の意味は libvirt ドキュメントを参照してください。

See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' for documentation and example code.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.52 において追加))

guestfs_set_memsize

 int
 guestfs_set_memsize (guestfs_h *g,
                      int memsize);

This sets the memory size in megabytes allocated to the hypervisor. This only has any effect if called before "guestfs_launch".

ハンドルが設定される前に環境変数 "LIBGUESTFS_MEMSIZE" を設定することにより、これを変更できます。

libguestfs のアーキテクチャーの詳細は guestfs(3) を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_set_network

 int
 guestfs_set_network (guestfs_h *g,
                      int network);

"network" が真ならば、libguestfs アプライアンスにおいてネットワークが有効になります。デフォルトは偽です。

This affects whether commands are able to access the network (see ``RUNNING COMMANDS'').

You must call this before calling "guestfs_launch", otherwise it has no effect.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.5.4 において追加)

guestfs_set_path

 int
 guestfs_set_path (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *searchpath);

libguestfs がカーネルおよび initrd.img を検索するパスを設定します。

The default is "$libdir/guestfs" unless overridden by setting "LIBGUESTFS_PATH" environment variable.

"path""NULL" を設定することによりパスの初期値を復元します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_set_pgroup

 int
 guestfs_set_pgroup (guestfs_h *g,
                     int pgroup);

"pgroup" が真ならば、子プロセスは自身のプロセスグループの中に置かれます。

The practical upshot of this is that signals like "SIGINT" (from users pressing "^C") won't be received by the child process.

The default for this flag is false, because usually you want "^C" to kill the subprocess. Guestfish sets this flag to true when used interactively, so that "^C" can cancel long-running commands gracefully (see "guestfs_user_cancel").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.11.18 において追加)

guestfs_set_program

 int
 guestfs_set_program (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *program);

Set the program name. This is an informative string which the main program may optionally set in the handle.

When the handle is created, the program name in the handle is set to the basename from "argv[0]". If that was not possible, it is set to the empty string (but never "NULL").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.21.29 において追加)

guestfs_set_qemu

 int
 guestfs_set_qemu (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *hv);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_set_hv'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

Set the hypervisor binary (usually qemu) that we will use.

The default is chosen when the library was compiled by the configure script.

You can also override this by setting the "LIBGUESTFS_HV" environment variable.

Setting "hv" to "NULL" restores the default qemu binary.

Note that you should call this function as early as possible after creating the handle. This is because some pre-launch operations depend on testing qemu features (by running "qemu -help"). If the qemu binary changes, we don't retest features, and so you might see inconsistent results. Using the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_HV" is safest of all since that picks the qemu binary at the same time as the handle is created.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.6 において追加)

guestfs_set_recovery_proc

 int
 guestfs_set_recovery_proc (guestfs_h *g,
                            int recoveryproc);

If this is called with the parameter "false" then "guestfs_launch" does not create a recovery process. The purpose of the recovery process is to stop runaway hypervisor processes in the case where the main program aborts abruptly.

This only has any effect if called before "guestfs_launch", and the default is true.

About the only time when you would want to disable this is if the main process will fork itself into the background (``daemonize'' itself). In this case the recovery process thinks that the main program has disappeared and so kills the hypervisor, which is not very helpful.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_set_selinux

 int
 guestfs_set_selinux (guestfs_h *g,
                      int selinux);

This sets the selinux flag that is passed to the appliance at boot time. The default is "selinux=0" (disabled).

Note that if SELinux is enabled, it is always in Permissive mode ("enforcing=0").

libguestfs のアーキテクチャーの詳細は guestfs(3) を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.67 において追加)

guestfs_set_smp

 int
 guestfs_set_smp (guestfs_h *g,
                  int smp);

アプライアンスに割り当てられる仮想 CPU 数を変更します。初期値は 1 です。これを増やすことにより性能を向上させられますが、ときどき効果がありません。

この関数は "guestfs_launch" の前に呼び出す必要があります。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.13.15 において追加)

guestfs_set_tmpdir

 int
 guestfs_set_tmpdir (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *tmpdir);

Set the directory used by the handle to store temporary files.

The environment variables "LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR" and "TMPDIR" control the default value: If "LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR" is set, then that is the default. Else if "TMPDIR" is set, then that is the default. Else /tmp is the default.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.58 において追加)

guestfs_set_trace

 int
 guestfs_set_trace (guestfs_h *g,
                    int trace);

If the command trace flag is set to 1, then libguestfs calls, parameters and return values are traced.

If you want to trace C API calls into libguestfs (and other libraries) then possibly a better way is to use the external ltrace(1) command.

Command traces are disabled unless the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_TRACE" is defined and set to 1.

Trace messages are normally sent to "stderr", unless you register a callback to send them somewhere else (see "guestfs_set_event_callback").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.69 において追加)

guestfs_set_uuid

 int
 guestfs_set_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   const char *uuid);

Set the filesystem UUID on "device" to "uuid". If this fails and the errno is ENOTSUP, means that there is no support for changing the UUID for the type of the specified filesystem.

Only some filesystem types support setting UUIDs.

To read the UUID on a filesystem, call "guestfs_vfs_uuid".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.23.10)

guestfs_set_uuid_random

 int
 guestfs_set_uuid_random (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device);

Set the filesystem UUID on "device" to a random UUID. If this fails and the errno is ENOTSUP, means that there is no support for changing the UUID for the type of the specified filesystem.

Only some filesystem types support setting UUIDs.

To read the UUID on a filesystem, call "guestfs_vfs_uuid".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.29.50)

guestfs_set_verbose

 int
 guestfs_set_verbose (guestfs_h *g,
                      int verbose);

"verbose" が真ならば、メッセージの冗長化を有効にします。

Verbose messages are disabled unless the environment variable "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG" is defined and set to 1.

Verbose messages are normally sent to "stderr", unless you register a callback to send them somewhere else (see "guestfs_set_event_callback").

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_setcon

 int
 guestfs_setcon (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *context);

This sets the SELinux security context of the daemon to the string "context".

guestfs(3) における SELinux に関するドキュメントを参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "selinux". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.67 において追加)

guestfs_setxattr

 int
 guestfs_setxattr (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *xattr,
                   const char *val,
                   int vallen,
                   const char *path);

This call sets the extended attribute named "xattr" of the file "path" to the value "val" (of length "vallen"). The value is arbitrary 8 bit data.

関連項目: "guestfs_lsetxattr", attr(5)

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxxattrs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_sfdisk

 int
 guestfs_sfdisk (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device,
                 int cyls,
                 int heads,
                 int sectors,
                 char *const *lines);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_part_add'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This is a direct interface to the sfdisk(8) program for creating partitions on block devices.

"device" should be a block device, for example /dev/sda.

"cyls", "heads" and "sectors" are the number of cylinders, heads and sectors on the device, which are passed directly to sfdisk as the -C, -H and -S parameters. If you pass 0 for any of these, then the corresponding parameter is omitted. Usually for 'large' disks, you can just pass 0 for these, but for small (floppy-sized) disks, sfdisk (or rather, the kernel) cannot work out the right geometry and you will need to tell it.

"lines" is a list of lines that we feed to "sfdisk". For more information refer to the sfdisk(8) manpage.

To create a single partition occupying the whole disk, you would pass "lines" as a single element list, when the single element being the string "," (comma).

関連項目: "guestfs_sfdisk_l", "guestfs_sfdisk_N", "guestfs_part_init"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_sfdiskM

 int
 guestfs_sfdiskM (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *device,
                  char *const *lines);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_part_add'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This is a simplified interface to the "guestfs_sfdisk" command, where partition sizes are specified in megabytes only (rounded to the nearest cylinder) and you don't need to specify the cyls, heads and sectors parameters which were rarely if ever used anyway.

関連項目: "guestfs_sfdisk", sfdisk(8) マニュアルページおよび "guestfs_part_disk"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_sfdisk_N

 int
 guestfs_sfdisk_N (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   int partnum,
                   int cyls,
                   int heads,
                   int sectors,
                   const char *line);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_part_add'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This runs sfdisk(8) option to modify just the single partition "n" (note: "n" counts from 1).

For other parameters, see "guestfs_sfdisk". You should usually pass 0 for the cyls/heads/sectors parameters.

関連項目: "guestfs_part_add"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_sfdisk_disk_geometry

 char *
 guestfs_sfdisk_disk_geometry (guestfs_h *g,
                               const char *device);

This displays the disk geometry of "device" read from the partition table. Especially in the case where the underlying block device has been resized, this can be different from the kernel's idea of the geometry (see "guestfs_sfdisk_kernel_geometry").

The result is in human-readable format, and not designed to be parsed.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_sfdisk_kernel_geometry

 char *
 guestfs_sfdisk_kernel_geometry (guestfs_h *g,
                                 const char *device);

This displays the kernel's idea of the geometry of "device".

The result is in human-readable format, and not designed to be parsed.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_sfdisk_l

 char *
 guestfs_sfdisk_l (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_part_list'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This displays the partition table on "device", in the human-readable output of the sfdisk(8) command. It is not intended to be parsed.

関連項目: "guestfs_part_list"

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_sh

 char *
 guestfs_sh (guestfs_h *g,
             const char *command);

This call runs a command from the guest filesystem via the guest's /bin/sh.

This is like "guestfs_command", but passes the command to:

 /bin/sh -c "command"

Depending on the guest's shell, this usually results in wildcards being expanded, shell expressions being interpolated and so on.

All the provisos about "guestfs_command" apply to this call.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.50 において追加)

guestfs_sh_lines

 char **
 guestfs_sh_lines (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *command);

This is the same as "guestfs_sh", but splits the result into a list of lines.

関連項目: "guestfs_command_lines"

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.50 において追加)

guestfs_shutdown

 int
 guestfs_shutdown (guestfs_h *g);

This is the opposite of "guestfs_launch". It performs an orderly shutdown of the backend process(es). If the autosync flag is set (which is the default) then the disk image is synchronized.

サブプロセスがエラーで終了すると、この関数はエラーを返します。これは(ディスクイメージが正しく書き出されていないことを意味する可能性があるので)無視すべき ではありません

It is safe to call this multiple times. Extra calls are ignored.

This call does not close or free up the handle. You still need to call "guestfs_close" afterwards.

"guestfs_close" will call this if you don't do it explicitly, but note that any errors are ignored in that case.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.19.16 において追加)

guestfs_sleep

 int
 guestfs_sleep (guestfs_h *g,
                int secs);

"secs" 秒間スリープします。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.41 において追加)

guestfs_stat

 struct guestfs_stat *
 guestfs_stat (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

This function is deprecated. In new code, use the ``guestfs_statns'' call instead.

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

与えられた "path" のファイル情報を返します。

This is the same as the stat(2) system call.

この関数は "struct guestfs_stat *" を返します。エラーがあれば NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に "guestfs_free_stat" を呼び出す必要があります

(Added in 1.9.2)

guestfs_statns

 struct guestfs_statns *
 guestfs_statns (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *path);

与えられた "path" のファイル情報を返します。

This is the same as the stat(2) system call.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_statns *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_statns" after use.

(Added in 1.27.53)

guestfs_statvfs

 struct guestfs_statvfs *
 guestfs_statvfs (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

Returns file system statistics for any mounted file system. "path" should be a file or directory in the mounted file system (typically it is the mount point itself, but it doesn't need to be).

This is the same as the statvfs(2) system call.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_statvfs *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_statvfs" after use.

(Added in 1.9.2)

guestfs_strings

 char **
 guestfs_strings (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path);

This runs the strings(1) command on a file and returns the list of printable strings found.

The "strings" command has, in the past, had problems with parsing untrusted files. These are mitigated in the current version of libguestfs, but see ``CVE-2014-8484''.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.22 において追加)

guestfs_strings_e

 char **
 guestfs_strings_e (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *encoding,
                    const char *path);

This is like the "guestfs_strings" command, but allows you to specify the encoding of strings that are looked for in the source file "path".

許可されるエンコードは次のとおりです:

s
ASCII および ISO-8859-XASCII (これは "guestfs_strings" が使用するものです) のような単一の 7 ビットのバイト文字。
S
単一の 8 ビットのバイト文字。
b
UTF-16BEUCS-2BE でエンコードされたもののように 16 ビットのビッグエンディアン文字列。
l (小文字の L)
UTF-16LEUCS-2LE のような 16 ビットのリトルエンディアン。これは Windows 仮想マシンにあるバイナリーを検査するために有用です。
B
UCS-4BE のような 32 ビットのビッグエンディアン。
L
UCS-4LE のような 32 ビットのリトルエンディアン。

返される文字列は UTF-8 に変換されます。

The "strings" command has, in the past, had problems with parsing untrusted files. These are mitigated in the current version of libguestfs, but see ``CVE-2014-8484''.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.22 において追加)

guestfs_swapoff_device

 int
 guestfs_swapoff_device (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device);

このコマンドは libguestfs アプライアンスの swap デバイスまたは "device" という名前のパーティションを無効にします。 "guestfs_swapon_device" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapoff_file

 int
 guestfs_swapoff_file (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *file);

このコマンドは libguestfs アプライアンスの swap on ファイルを無効にします。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapoff_label

 int
 guestfs_swapoff_label (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *label);

このコマンドは libguestfs アプライアンスの swap on ラベル付き swap パーティションを無効にします。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapoff_uuid

 int
 guestfs_swapoff_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *uuid);

このコマンドは libguestfs アプライアンスの指定された UUID を持つ swap パーティションを無効にします。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxfsuuid". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapon_device

 int
 guestfs_swapon_device (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device);

This command enables the libguestfs appliance to use the swap device or partition named "device". The increased memory is made available for all commands, for example those run using "guestfs_command" or "guestfs_sh".

Note that you should not swap to existing guest swap partitions unless you know what you are doing. They may contain hibernation information, or other information that the guest doesn't want you to trash. You also risk leaking information about the host to the guest this way. Instead, attach a new host device to the guest and swap on that.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapon_file

 int
 guestfs_swapon_file (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *file);

This command enables swap to a file. See "guestfs_swapon_device" for other notes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapon_label

 int
 guestfs_swapon_label (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *label);

This command enables swap to a labeled swap partition. See "guestfs_swapon_device" for other notes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_swapon_uuid

 int
 guestfs_swapon_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *uuid);

This command enables swap to a swap partition with the given UUID. See "guestfs_swapon_device" for other notes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "linuxfsuuid". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_sync

 int
 guestfs_sync (guestfs_h *g);

This syncs the disk, so that any writes are flushed through to the underlying disk image.

You should always call this if you have modified a disk image, before closing the handle.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_syslinux

 int
 guestfs_syslinux (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device,
                   ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_SYSLINUX_DIRECTORY, const char *directory,

Install the SYSLINUX bootloader on "device".

The device parameter must be either a whole disk formatted as a FAT filesystem, or a partition formatted as a FAT filesystem. In the latter case, the partition should be marked as ``active'' ("guestfs_part_set_bootable") and a Master Boot Record must be installed (eg. using "guestfs_pwrite_device") on the first sector of the whole disk. The SYSLINUX package comes with some suitable Master Boot Records. See the syslinux(1) man page for further information.

オプション引数は次のとおりです:

directory
Install SYSLINUX in the named subdirectory, instead of in the root directory of the FAT filesystem.

Additional configuration can be supplied to SYSLINUX by placing a file called syslinux.cfg on the FAT filesystem, either in the root directory, or under directory if that optional argument is being used. For further information about the contents of this file, see syslinux(1).

"guestfs_extlinux" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "syslinux". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.21.27 において追加)

guestfs_syslinux_va

 int
 guestfs_syslinux_va (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device,
                      va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_syslinux'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_syslinux_argv

 int
 guestfs_syslinux_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        const struct guestfs_syslinux_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_syslinux'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tail

 char **
 guestfs_tail (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

This command returns up to the last 10 lines of a file as a list of strings.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_tail_n

 char **
 guestfs_tail_n (guestfs_h *g,
                 int nrlines,
                 const char *path);

If the parameter "nrlines" is a positive number, this returns the last "nrlines" lines of the file "path".

If the parameter "nrlines" is a negative number, this returns lines from the file "path", starting with the "-nrlines"th line.

パラメーター "nrlines" が 0 ならば、空の一覧を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_tar_in

 int
 guestfs_tar_in (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *tarfile,
                 const char *directory);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_tar_in_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_tar_in_opts

 int
 guestfs_tar_in_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *tarfile,
                      const char *directory,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_TAR_IN_OPTS_COMPRESS, const char *compress,
 GUESTFS_TAR_IN_OPTS_XATTRS, int xattrs,
 GUESTFS_TAR_IN_OPTS_SELINUX, int selinux,
 GUESTFS_TAR_IN_OPTS_ACLS, int acls,

This command uploads and unpacks local file "tarfile" into directory.

The optional "compress" flag controls compression. If not given, then the input should be an uncompressed tar file. Otherwise one of the following strings may be given to select the compression type of the input file: "compress", "gzip", "bzip2", "xz", "lzop". (Note that not all builds of libguestfs will support all of these compression types).

The other optional arguments are:

"xattrs"
If set to true, extended attributes are restored from the tar file.
"selinux"
If set to true, SELinux contexts are restored from the tar file.
"acls"
If set to true, POSIX ACLs are restored from the tar file.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_tar_in_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_tar_in_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *tarfile,
                         const char *directory,
                         va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_tar_in_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tar_in_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_tar_in_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *tarfile,
                           const char *directory,
                           const struct guestfs_tar_in_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_tar_in_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tar_out

 int
 guestfs_tar_out (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *directory,
                  const char *tarfile);

This function is provided for backwards compatibility with earlier versions of libguestfs. It simply calls ``guestfs_tar_out_opts'' with no optional arguments.

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_tar_out_opts

 int
 guestfs_tar_out_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *directory,
                       const char *tarfile,
                       ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_COMPRESS, const char *compress,
 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_NUMERICOWNER, int numericowner,
 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_EXCLUDES, char *const *excludes,
 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_XATTRS, int xattrs,
 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_SELINUX, int selinux,
 GUESTFS_TAR_OUT_OPTS_ACLS, int acls,

This command packs the contents of directory and downloads it to local file "tarfile".

The optional "compress" flag controls compression. If not given, then the output will be an uncompressed tar file. Otherwise one of the following strings may be given to select the compression type of the output file: "compress", "gzip", "bzip2", "xz", "lzop". (Note that not all builds of libguestfs will support all of these compression types).

The other optional arguments are:

"excludes"
A list of wildcards. Files are excluded if they match any of the wildcards.
"numericowner"
If set to true, the output tar file will contain UID/GID numbers instead of user/group names.
"xattrs"
If set to true, extended attributes are saved in the output tar.
"selinux"
If set to true, SELinux contexts are saved in the output tar.
"acls"
If set to true, POSIX ACLs are saved in the output tar.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_tar_out_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_tar_out_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *directory,
                          const char *tarfile,
                          va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_tar_out_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tar_out_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_tar_out_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                            const char *directory,
                            const char *tarfile,
                            const struct guestfs_tar_out_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_tar_out_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tgz_in

 int
 guestfs_tgz_in (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *tarball,
                 const char *directory);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_tar_in'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command uploads and unpacks local file "tarball" (a gzip compressed tar file) into directory.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_tgz_out

 int
 guestfs_tgz_out (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *directory,
                  const char *tarball);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_tar_out'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command packs the contents of directory and downloads it to local file "tarball".

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.3 において追加)

guestfs_touch

 int
 guestfs_touch (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path);

Touch acts like the touch(1) command. It can be used to update the timestamps on a file, or, if the file does not exist, to create a new zero-length file.

This command only works on regular files, and will fail on other file types such as directories, symbolic links, block special etc.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_truncate

 int
 guestfs_truncate (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *path);

This command truncates "path" to a zero-length file. The file must exist already.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_truncate_size

 int
 guestfs_truncate_size (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *path,
                        int64_t size);

This command truncates "path" to size "size" bytes. The file must exist already.

If the current file size is less than "size" then the file is extended to the required size with zero bytes. This creates a sparse file (ie. disk blocks are not allocated for the file until you write to it). To create a non-sparse file of zeroes, use "guestfs_fallocate64" instead.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_tune2fs

 int
 guestfs_tune2fs (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *device,
                  ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_FORCE, int force,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_MAXMOUNTCOUNT, int maxmountcount,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_MOUNTCOUNT, int mountcount,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_ERRORBEHAVIOR, const char *errorbehavior,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_GROUP, int64_t group,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_INTERVALBETWEENCHECKS, int intervalbetweenchecks,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_RESERVEDBLOCKSPERCENTAGE, int reservedblockspercentage,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_LASTMOUNTEDDIRECTORY, const char *lastmounteddirectory,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_RESERVEDBLOCKSCOUNT, int64_t reservedblockscount,
 GUESTFS_TUNE2FS_USER, int64_t user,

This call allows you to adjust various filesystem parameters of an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem called "device".

オプションのパラメーターは次のとおりです:

"force"
Force tune2fs to complete the operation even in the face of errors. This is the same as the tune2fs "-f" option.
"maxmountcount"
Set the number of mounts after which the filesystem is checked by e2fsck(8). If this is 0 then the number of mounts is disregarded. This is the same as the tune2fs "-c" option.
"mountcount"
Set the number of times the filesystem has been mounted. This is the same as the tune2fs "-C" option.
"errorbehavior"
Change the behavior of the kernel code when errors are detected. Possible values currently are: "continue", "remount-ro", "panic". In practice these options don't really make any difference, particularly for write errors.

これは tune2fs "-e" オプションと同じです。

"group"
Set the group which can use reserved filesystem blocks. This is the same as the tune2fs "-g" option except that it can only be specified as a number.
"intervalbetweenchecks"
Adjust the maximal time between two filesystem checks (in seconds). If the option is passed as 0 then time-dependent checking is disabled.

これは tune2fs "-i" オプションと同じです。

"reservedblockspercentage"
Set the percentage of the filesystem which may only be allocated by privileged processes. This is the same as the tune2fs "-m" option.
"lastmounteddirectory"
最後にマウントされたディレクトリーを設定します。これは tune2fs "-M" オプションと同じです。
"reservedblockscount" Set the number of reserved filesystem blocks. This is the same as the tune2fs "-r" option.
"user"
Set the user who can use the reserved filesystem blocks. This is the same as the tune2fs "-u" option except that it can only be specified as a number.

To get the current values of filesystem parameters, see "guestfs_tune2fs_l". For precise details of how tune2fs works, see the tune2fs(8) man page.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.15.4 において追加)

guestfs_tune2fs_va

 int
 guestfs_tune2fs_va (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device,
                     va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_tune2fs'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tune2fs_argv

 int
 guestfs_tune2fs_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       const struct guestfs_tune2fs_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_tune2fs'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_tune2fs_l

 char **
 guestfs_tune2fs_l (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device);

This returns the contents of the ext2, ext3 or ext4 filesystem superblock on "device".

It is the same as running "tune2fs -l device". See tune2fs(8) manpage for more details. The list of fields returned isn't clearly defined, and depends on both the version of "tune2fs" that libguestfs was built against, and the filesystem itself.

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings, or NULL if there was an error. The array of strings will always have length "2n+1", where "n" keys and values alternate, followed by the trailing NULL entry. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(Added in 1.9.2)

guestfs_txz_in

 int
 guestfs_txz_in (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *tarball,
                 const char *directory);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_tar_in'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command uploads and unpacks local file "tarball" (an xz compressed tar file) into directory.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "xz". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_txz_out

 int
 guestfs_txz_out (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *directory,
                  const char *tarball);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_tar_out'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command packs the contents of directory and downloads it to local file "tarball" (as an xz compressed tar archive).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "xz". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_umask

 int
 guestfs_umask (guestfs_h *g,
                int mask);

This function sets the mask used for creating new files and device nodes to "mask & 0777".

Typical umask values would be 022 which creates new files with permissions like ``-rw-r---r--'' or ``-rwxr-xr-x'', and 002 which creates new files with permissions like ``-rw-rw-r--'' or ``-rwxrwxr-x''.

The default umask is 022. This is important because it means that directories and device nodes will be created with 0644 or 0755 mode even if you specify 0777.

"guestfs_get_umask", umask(2), "guestfs_mknod", "guestfs_mkdir" 参照。

この呼び出しは元の umask を返します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.55 において追加)

guestfs_umount

 int
 guestfs_umount (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *pathordevice);

この関数は以前のバージョンの libguestfs との後方互換性のために提供されています。単にオプション引数なしで ``guestfs_umount_opts'' を呼び出します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_umount_opts

 int
 guestfs_umount_opts (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *pathordevice,
                      ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_UMOUNT_OPTS_FORCE, int force,
 GUESTFS_UMOUNT_OPTS_LAZYUNMOUNT, int lazyunmount,

これは与えられたファイルシステムをアンマウントします。ファイルシステムは、そのマウントポイント (path)、またはファイルシステムを含むデバイスにより指定されます。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_umount_opts_va

 int
 guestfs_umount_opts_va (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *pathordevice,
                         va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_umount_opts'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_umount_opts_argv

 int
 guestfs_umount_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *pathordevice,
                           const struct guestfs_umount_opts_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_umount_opts'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_umount_all

 int
 guestfs_umount_all (guestfs_h *g);

これはマウントされたファイルシステムをすべてアンマウントします。

いくつかの内部マウントはこの呼び出しによりアンマウントされません。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_umount_local

 int
 guestfs_umount_local (guestfs_h *g,
                       ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_UMOUNT_LOCAL_RETRY, int retry,

libguestfs がローカルマウントポイントにあるファイルシステムをエクスポートしているならば、これによりアンマウントされます。

完全なドキュメントは ``MOUNT LOCAL'' を参照してください。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.17.22 において追加)

guestfs_umount_local_va

 int
 guestfs_umount_local_va (guestfs_h *g,
                          va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_umount_local'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_umount_local_argv

 int
 guestfs_umount_local_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                            const struct guestfs_umount_local_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_umount_local'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_upload

 int
 guestfs_upload (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *filename,
                 const char *remotefilename);

Upload local file filename to remotefilename on the filesystem.

filename can also be a named pipe.

"guestfs_download" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.2 において追加)

guestfs_upload_offset

 int
 guestfs_upload_offset (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *filename,
                        const char *remotefilename,
                        int64_t offset);

Upload local file filename to remotefilename on the filesystem.

remotefilename is overwritten starting at the byte "offset" specified. The intention is to overwrite parts of existing files or devices, although if a non-existent file is specified then it is created with a ``hole'' before "offset". The size of the data written is implicit in the size of the source filename.

Note that there is no limit on the amount of data that can be uploaded with this call, unlike with "guestfs_pwrite", and this call always writes the full amount unless an error occurs.

"guestfs_upload", "guestfs_pwrite" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.5.17 において追加)

guestfs_user_cancel

 int
 guestfs_user_cancel (guestfs_h *g);

This function cancels the current upload or download operation.

Unlike most other libguestfs calls, this function is signal safe and thread safe. You can call it from a signal handler or from another thread, without needing to do any locking.

The transfer that was in progress (if there is one) will stop shortly afterwards, and will return an error. The errno (see ``guestfs_last_errno'') is set to "EINTR", so you can test for this to find out if the operation was cancelled or failed because of another error.

No cleanup is performed: for example, if a file was being uploaded then after cancellation there may be a partially uploaded file. It is the caller's responsibility to clean up if necessary.

There are two common places that you might call "guestfs_user_cancel":

In an interactive text-based program, you might call it from a "SIGINT" signal handler so that pressing "^C" cancels the current operation. (You also need to call ``guestfs_set_pgroup'' so that child processes don't receive the "^C" signal).

In a graphical program, when the main thread is displaying a progress bar with a cancel button, wire up the cancel button to call this function.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.11.18 において追加)

guestfs_utimens

 int
 guestfs_utimens (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *path,
                  int64_t atsecs,
                  int64_t atnsecs,
                  int64_t mtsecs,
                  int64_t mtnsecs);

このコマンドはファイルのタイムスタンプをナノ秒単位で設定します。

"atsecs, atnsecs" are the last access time (atime) in secs and nanoseconds from the epoch.

"mtsecs, mtnsecs" are the last modification time (mtime) in secs and nanoseconds from the epoch.

If the *nsecs field contains the special value "-1" then the corresponding timestamp is set to the current time. (The *secs field is ignored in this case).

If the *nsecs field contains the special value "-2" then the corresponding timestamp is left unchanged. (The *secs field is ignored in this case).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.77 において追加)

guestfs_utsname

 struct guestfs_utsname *
 guestfs_utsname (guestfs_h *g);

This returns the kernel version of the appliance, where this is available. This information is only useful for debugging. Nothing in the returned structure is defined by the API.

この関数は "struct guestfs_utsname *" を返します。エラーが起きた場合 NULL を返します。 呼び出し元は使用した後に "guestfs_free_utsname" を呼び出す必要があります

(1.19.27 において追加)

guestfs_version

 struct guestfs_version *
 guestfs_version (guestfs_h *g);

プログラムがリンクしている libguestfs バージョン番号を返します。

Note that because of dynamic linking this is not necessarily the version of libguestfs that you compiled against. You can compile the program, and then at runtime dynamically link against a completely different libguestfs.so library.

This call was added in version 1.0.58. In previous versions of libguestfs there was no way to get the version number. From C code you can use dynamic linker functions to find out if this symbol exists (if it doesn't, then it's an earlier version).

The call returns a structure with four elements. The first three ("major", "minor" and "release") are numbers and correspond to the usual version triplet. The fourth element ("extra") is a string and is normally empty, but may be used for distro-specific information.

To construct the original version string: "$major.$minor.$release$extra"

関連項目: ``LIBGUESTFS VERSION NUMBERS''

Note: Don't use this call to test for availability of features. In enterprise distributions we backport features from later versions into earlier versions, making this an unreliable way to test for features. Use "guestfs_available" or "guestfs_feature_available" instead.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_version *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_version" after use.

(1.0.58 において追加)

guestfs_vfs_label

 char *
 guestfs_vfs_label (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *mountable);

This returns the label of the filesystem on "mountable".

ファイルシステムにラベルが付いていないと、空の文字列が返されます。

ラベルからファイルシステムを検索するには "guestfs_findfs_label" を使用します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.3.18 において追加)

guestfs_vfs_minimum_size

 int64_t
 guestfs_vfs_minimum_size (guestfs_h *g,
                           const char *mountable);

Get the minimum size of filesystem in bytes. This is the minimum possible size for filesystem shrinking.

If getting minimum size of specified filesystem is not supported, this will fail and set errno as ENOTSUP.

See also ntfsresize(8), resize2fs(8), btrfs(8), xfs_info(8).

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(Added in 1.31.18)

guestfs_vfs_type

 char *
 guestfs_vfs_type (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *mountable);

This command gets the filesystem type corresponding to the filesystem on "mountable".

For most filesystems, the result is the name of the Linux VFS module which would be used to mount this filesystem if you mounted it without specifying the filesystem type. For example a string such as "ext3" or "ntfs".

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.75 において追加)

guestfs_vfs_uuid

 char *
 guestfs_vfs_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *mountable);

This returns the filesystem UUID of the filesystem on "mountable".

ファイルシステムが UUID を持っていないと、空の文字列を返します。

UUID からファイルシステムを検索するには "guestfs_findfs_uuid" を使用します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.3.18 において追加)

guestfs_vg_activate

 int
 guestfs_vg_activate (guestfs_h *g,
                      int activate,
                      char *const *volgroups);

This command activates or (if "activate" is false) deactivates all logical volumes in the listed volume groups "volgroups".

このコマンドは "vgchange -a y|n volgroups..." を実行するときと同じです。

Note that if "volgroups" is an empty list then all volume groups are activated or deactivated.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_vg_activate_all

 int
 guestfs_vg_activate_all (guestfs_h *g,
                          int activate);

This command activates or (if "activate" is false) deactivates all logical volumes in all volume groups.

This command is the same as running "vgchange -a y|n"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_vgchange_uuid

 int
 guestfs_vgchange_uuid (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *vg);

ランダムな新しい UUID をボリュームグループ "vg" に対して生成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.26 において追加)

guestfs_vgchange_uuid_all

 int
 guestfs_vgchange_uuid_all (guestfs_h *g);

すべての物理ボリュームに対する新しいランダムな UUID を生成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.26 において追加)

guestfs_vgcreate

 int
 guestfs_vgcreate (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *volgroup,
                   char *const *physvols);

これは、物理ボリューム "physvols" の空ではない一覧から、"volgroup" という名前の LVM ボリュームグループを作成します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_vglvuuids

 char **
 guestfs_vglvuuids (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *vgname);

"vgname" という VG が指定されると、これはこのボリュームグループに作成されたすべての論理ボリュームの UUID を返します。

You can use this along with "guestfs_lvs" and "guestfs_lvuuid" calls to associate logical volumes and volume groups.

"guestfs_vgpvuuids" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_vgmeta

 char *
 guestfs_vgmeta (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *vgname,
                 size_t *size_r);

"vgname"LVM ボリュームグループです。このコマンドは、ボリュームグループを検査して、そのメタ情報を返します。

メタ情報は、LVM により使用される内部構造で、いつでも変更を強制され、情報に対してのみ提供されることに注意してください。

This function returns a buffer, or NULL on error. The size of the returned buffer is written to *size_r. The caller must free the returned buffer after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.20 において追加)

guestfs_vgpvuuids

 char **
 guestfs_vgpvuuids (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *vgname);

Given a VG called "vgname", this returns the UUIDs of all the physical volumes that this volume group resides on.

You can use this along with "guestfs_pvs" and "guestfs_pvuuid" calls to associate physical volumes and volume groups.

"guestfs_vglvuuids" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_vgremove

 int
 guestfs_vgremove (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *vgname);

LVM ボリュームグループ "vgname" を削除します(例: "VG")。

This also forcibly removes all logical volumes in the volume group (if any).

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.13 において追加)

guestfs_vgrename

 int
 guestfs_vgrename (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *volgroup,
                   const char *newvolgroup);

ボリュームグループ "volgroup" の名前を新しい名前 "newvolgroup" に変更します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.83 において追加)

guestfs_vgs

 char **
 guestfs_vgs (guestfs_h *g);

List all the volumes groups detected. This is the equivalent of the vgs(8) command.

This returns a list of just the volume group names that were detected (eg. "VolGroup00").

"guestfs_vgs_full" 参照。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_vgs_full

 struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *
 guestfs_vgs_full (guestfs_h *g);

List all the volumes groups detected. This is the equivalent of the vgs(8) command. The ``full'' version includes all fields.

This function returns a "struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *", or NULL if there was an error. The caller must call "guestfs_free_lvm_vg_list" after use.

This function depends on the feature "lvm2". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(0.4 において追加)

guestfs_vgscan

 int
 guestfs_vgscan (guestfs_h *g);

This rescans all block devices and rebuilds the list of LVM physical volumes, volume groups and logical volumes.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.2 において追加)

guestfs_vguuid

 char *
 guestfs_vguuid (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *vgname);

このコマンドは "vgname" という名前の LVM ボリュームグループの UUID を返します。

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.87 において追加)

guestfs_wait_ready

 int
 guestfs_wait_ready (guestfs_h *g);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_launch'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This function is a no op.

In versions of the API < 1.0.71 you had to call this function just after calling "guestfs_launch" to wait for the launch to complete. However this is no longer necessary because "guestfs_launch" now does the waiting.

If you see any calls to this function in code then you can just remove them, unless you want to retain compatibility with older versions of the API.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(0.3 において追加)

guestfs_wc_c

 int
 guestfs_wc_c (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

このコマンドは "wc -c" 外部コマンドを使用して、ファイルにある文字数を集計します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_wc_l

 int
 guestfs_wc_l (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

このコマンドは "wc -l" 外部コマンドを使用して、ファイルにある行数を集計します。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_wc_w

 int
 guestfs_wc_w (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *path);

このコマンドは "wc -w" 外部コマンドを使用して、ファイルにある単語を数えます。

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.0.54 において追加)

guestfs_wipefs

 int
 guestfs_wipefs (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *device);

This command erases filesystem or RAID signatures from the specified "device" to make the filesystem invisible to libblkid.

これは、ファイルシステム自身を削除しません、また "device" から他のどんなデータも削除しません。

デバイスの先頭数ブロックにゼロを書き込む "guestfs_zero" と比較します。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "wipefs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.17.6 において追加)

guestfs_write

 int
 guestfs_write (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *path,
                const char *content,
                size_t content_size);

This call creates a file called "path". The content of the file is the string "content" (which can contain any 8 bit data).

"guestfs_write_append" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.3.14 において追加)

guestfs_write_append

 int
 guestfs_write_append (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *path,
                       const char *content,
                       size_t content_size);

この関数は "content""path" ファイルの最後に追加します。もし "path" が存在しなければ、新しいファイルが作成されます。

"guestfs_write" 参照。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

(1.11.18 において追加)

guestfs_write_file

 int
 guestfs_write_file (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path,
                     const char *content,
                     int size);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_write'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This call creates a file called "path". The contents of the file is the string "content" (which can contain any 8 bit data), with length "size".

As a special case, if "size" is 0 then the length is calculated using "strlen" (so in this case the content cannot contain embedded ASCII NULs).

NB. Owing to a bug, writing content containing ASCII NUL characters does not work, even if the length is specified.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(0.8 において追加)

guestfs_xfs_admin

 int
 guestfs_xfs_admin (guestfs_h *g,
                    const char *device,
                    ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_EXTUNWRITTEN, int extunwritten,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_IMGFILE, int imgfile,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_V2LOG, int v2log,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_PROJID32BIT, int projid32bit,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_LAZYCOUNTER, int lazycounter,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_LABEL, const char *label,
 GUESTFS_XFS_ADMIN_UUID, const char *uuid,

"device" において XFS ファイルシステムのパラメーターを変更します。

Devices that are mounted cannot be modified. Administrators must unmount filesystems before this call can modify parameters.

Some of the parameters of a mounted filesystem can be examined and modified using the "guestfs_xfs_info" and "guestfs_xfs_growfs" calls.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "xfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.33 において追加)

guestfs_xfs_admin_va

 int
 guestfs_xfs_admin_va (guestfs_h *g,
                       const char *device,
                       va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_admin'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_xfs_admin_argv

 int
 guestfs_xfs_admin_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                         const char *device,
                         const struct guestfs_xfs_admin_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_admin'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_xfs_growfs

 int
 guestfs_xfs_growfs (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *path,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_DATASEC, int datasec,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_LOGSEC, int logsec,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_RTSEC, int rtsec,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_DATASIZE, int64_t datasize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_LOGSIZE, int64_t logsize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_RTSIZE, int64_t rtsize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_RTEXTSIZE, int64_t rtextsize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_GROWFS_MAXPCT, int maxpct,

"path" にマウントされた XFS ファイルシステムを拡大します。

The returned struct contains geometry information. Missing fields are returned as "-1" (for numeric fields) or empty string.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "xfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.28 において追加)

guestfs_xfs_growfs_va

 int
 guestfs_xfs_growfs_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *path,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_growfs'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_xfs_growfs_argv

 int
 guestfs_xfs_growfs_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *path,
                          const struct guestfs_xfs_growfs_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_growfs'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_xfs_info

 struct guestfs_xfsinfo *
 guestfs_xfs_info (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *pathordevice);

"pathordevice" は、マウントされた XFS ファイルシステム、または XFS ファイルシステムを含むデバイスです。このコマンドはファイルシステムのジオメトリーを返します。

The returned struct contains geometry information. Missing fields are returned as "-1" (for numeric fields) or empty string.

この関数は "struct guestfs_xfsinfo *" を返します。エラーが起きた場合 NULL を返します。呼び出し元は使用した後に "guestfs_free_xfsinfo" を呼び出す必要があります

This function depends on the feature "xfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.21 において追加)

guestfs_xfs_repair

 int
 guestfs_xfs_repair (guestfs_h *g,
                     const char *device,
                     ...);

You may supply a list of optional arguments to this call. Use zero or more of the following pairs of parameters, and terminate the list with "-1" on its own. See ``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS''.

 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_FORCELOGZERO, int forcelogzero,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_NOMODIFY, int nomodify,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_NOPREFETCH, int noprefetch,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_FORCEGEOMETRY, int forcegeometry,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_MAXMEM, int64_t maxmem,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_IHASHSIZE, int64_t ihashsize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_BHASHSIZE, int64_t bhashsize,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_AGSTRIDE, int64_t agstride,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_LOGDEV, const char *logdev,
 GUESTFS_XFS_REPAIR_RTDEV, const char *rtdev,

破損または破壊された "device"XFS ファイルシステムを修復します。

The filesystem is specified using the "device" argument which should be the device name of the disk partition or volume containing the filesystem. If given the name of a block device, "xfs_repair" will attempt to find the raw device associated with the specified block device and will use the raw device instead.

Regardless, the filesystem to be repaired must be unmounted, otherwise, the resulting filesystem may be inconsistent or corrupt.

The returned status indicates whether filesystem corruption was detected (returns 1) or was not detected (returns 0).

この関数はエラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "xfs". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.19.36 において追加)

guestfs_xfs_repair_va

 int
 guestfs_xfs_repair_va (guestfs_h *g,
                        const char *device,
                        va_list args);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_repair'' の ``va_list variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_xfs_repair_argv

 int
 guestfs_xfs_repair_argv (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *device,
                          const struct guestfs_xfs_repair_argv *optargs);

これは ``guestfs_xfs_repair'' の ``argv variant'' です。

``CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' 参照。

guestfs_zegrep

 char **
 guestfs_zegrep (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *regex,
                 const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "zegrep" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_zegrepi

 char **
 guestfs_zegrepi (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *regex,
                  const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "zegrep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_zero

 int
 guestfs_zero (guestfs_h *g,
               const char *device);

This command writes zeroes over the first few blocks of "device".

How many blocks are zeroed isn't specified (but it's not enough to securely wipe the device). It should be sufficient to remove any partition tables, filesystem superblocks and so on.

ブロックデバイスがすでに 0 ならば、このコマンドは 0 を書き込みません。これは、下にあるブロックデバイスが不必要に非スパース化されたり大きくなったりすることを避けるためです。

関連項目: "guestfs_zero_device", "guestfs_scrub_device", "guestfs_is_zero_device"

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.0.16 において追加)

guestfs_zero_device

 int
 guestfs_zero_device (guestfs_h *g,
                      const char *device);

This command writes zeroes over the entire "device". Compare with "guestfs_zero" which just zeroes the first few blocks of a device.

ブロックデバイスがすでに 0 ならば、このコマンドは 0 を書き込みません。これは、下にあるブロックデバイスが不必要に非スパース化されたり大きくなったりすることを避けるためです。

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.3.1 において追加)

guestfs_zero_free_space

 int
 guestfs_zero_free_space (guestfs_h *g,
                          const char *directory);

Zero the free space in the filesystem mounted on directory. The filesystem must be mounted read-write.

ファイルシステムの内容は影響を受けません。しかし、ファイルシステムにある空き領域はすべて開放されます。

Free space is not ``trimmed''. You may want to call "guestfs_fstrim" either as an alternative to this, or after calling this, depending on your requirements.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This long-running command can generate progress notification messages so that the caller can display a progress bar or indicator. To receive these messages, the caller must register a progress event callback. See ``GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS''.

(1.17.18 において追加)

guestfs_zerofree

 int
 guestfs_zerofree (guestfs_h *g,
                   const char *device);

This runs the zerofree program on "device". This program claims to zero unused inodes and disk blocks on an ext2/3 filesystem, thus making it possible to compress the filesystem more effectively.

You should not run this program if the filesystem is mounted.

It is possible that using this program can damage the filesystem or data on the filesystem.

この関数は、成功のとき 0 を、エラーのとき -1 を返します。

This function depends on the feature "zerofree". See also ``guestfs_feature_available''.

(1.0.26 において追加)

guestfs_zfgrep

 char **
 guestfs_zfgrep (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *pattern,
                 const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "zfgrep" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_zfgrepi

 char **
 guestfs_zfgrepi (guestfs_h *g,
                  const char *pattern,
                  const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

これは外部の "zfgrep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_zfile

 char *
 guestfs_zfile (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *meth,
                const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_file'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

This command runs file after first decompressing "path" using "method".

"method""gzip", "compress" または "bzip2" のいずれかである必要があります。

Since 1.0.63, use "guestfs_file" instead which can now process compressed files.

この関数は文字列を返します。エラー時は NULL です。 呼び出し元は使用後に返された文字列を開放する必要があります

(1.0.59 において追加)

guestfs_zgrep

 char **
 guestfs_zgrep (guestfs_h *g,
                const char *regex,
                const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

外部 "zgrep" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

guestfs_zgrepi

 char **
 guestfs_zgrepi (guestfs_h *g,
                 const char *regex,
                 const char *path);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_grep'' を使用してください。

Deprecated functions will not be removed from the API, but the fact that they are deprecated indicates that there are problems with correct use of these functions.

外部 "zgrep -i" プログラムを呼び出し、一致する行を返します。

This function returns a NULL-terminated array of strings (like environ(3)), or NULL if there was an error. The caller must free the strings and the array after use.

Because of the message protocol, there is a transfer limit of somewhere between 2MB and 4MB. See ``PROTOCOL LIMITS''.

(1.0.66 において追加)

構造

guestfs_int_bool

 struct guestfs_int_bool {
   int32_t i;
   int32_t b;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_int_bool_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_int_bool *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_int_bool (const struct guestfs_int_bool *, const struct guestfs_int_bool *);
 int guestfs_compare_int_bool_list (const struct guestfs_int_bool_list *, const struct guestfs_int_bool_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_int_bool *guestfs_copy_int_bool (const struct guestfs_int_bool *);
 struct guestfs_int_bool_list *guestfs_copy_int_bool_list (const struct guestfs_int_bool_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_int_bool (struct guestfs_int_bool *);
 void guestfs_free_int_bool_list (struct guestfs_int_bool_list *);

guestfs_lvm_pv

 struct guestfs_lvm_pv {
   char *pv_name;
   /* 以下の項目は NULL 終了していないので、表示するときに注意してください: */
   char pv_uuid[32];
   char *pv_fmt;
   uint64_t pv_size;
   uint64_t dev_size;
   uint64_t pv_free;
   uint64_t pv_used;
   char *pv_attr;
   int64_t pv_pe_count;
   int64_t pv_pe_alloc_count;
   char *pv_tags;
   uint64_t pe_start;
   int64_t pv_mda_count;
   uint64_t pv_mda_free;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_lvm_pv *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_pv (const struct guestfs_lvm_pv *, const struct guestfs_lvm_pv *);
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_pv_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *, const struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_pv *guestfs_copy_lvm_pv (const struct guestfs_lvm_pv *);
 struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *guestfs_copy_lvm_pv_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_lvm_pv (struct guestfs_lvm_pv *);
 void guestfs_free_lvm_pv_list (struct guestfs_lvm_pv_list *);

guestfs_lvm_vg

 struct guestfs_lvm_vg {
   char *vg_name;
   /* 以下の項目は NULL 終了していないので、表示するときに注意してください: */
   char vg_uuid[32];
   char *vg_fmt;
   char *vg_attr;
   uint64_t vg_size;
   uint64_t vg_free;
   char *vg_sysid;
   uint64_t vg_extent_size;
   int64_t vg_extent_count;
   int64_t vg_free_count;
   int64_t max_lv;
   int64_t max_pv;
   int64_t pv_count;
   int64_t lv_count;
   int64_t snap_count;
   int64_t vg_seqno;
   char *vg_tags;
   int64_t vg_mda_count;
   uint64_t vg_mda_free;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_lvm_vg *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_vg (const struct guestfs_lvm_vg *, const struct guestfs_lvm_vg *);
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_vg_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *, const struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_vg *guestfs_copy_lvm_vg (const struct guestfs_lvm_vg *);
 struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *guestfs_copy_lvm_vg_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_lvm_vg (struct guestfs_lvm_vg *);
 void guestfs_free_lvm_vg_list (struct guestfs_lvm_vg_list *);

guestfs_lvm_lv

 struct guestfs_lvm_lv {
   char *lv_name;
   /* 以下の項目は NULL 終了していないので、表示するときに注意してください: */
   char lv_uuid[32];
   char *lv_attr;
   int64_t lv_major;
   int64_t lv_minor;
   int64_t lv_kernel_major;
   int64_t lv_kernel_minor;
   uint64_t lv_size;
   int64_t seg_count;
   char *origin;
   /* 以下の項目は [0..100] または存在しないことを意味する -1 : */
   float snap_percent;
   /* 以下の項目は [0..100] または存在しないことを意味する -1 : */
   float copy_percent;
   char *move_pv;
   char *lv_tags;
   char *mirror_log;
   char *modules;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_lvm_lv *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_lv (const struct guestfs_lvm_lv *, const struct guestfs_lvm_lv *);
 int guestfs_compare_lvm_lv_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *, const struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_lvm_lv *guestfs_copy_lvm_lv (const struct guestfs_lvm_lv *);
 struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *guestfs_copy_lvm_lv_list (const struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_lvm_lv (struct guestfs_lvm_lv *);
 void guestfs_free_lvm_lv_list (struct guestfs_lvm_lv_list *);

guestfs_stat

 struct guestfs_stat {
   int64_t dev;
   int64_t ino;
   int64_t mode;
   int64_t nlink;
   int64_t uid;
   int64_t gid;
   int64_t rdev;
   int64_t size;
   int64_t blksize;
   int64_t blocks;
   int64_t atime;
   int64_t mtime;
   int64_t ctime;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_stat_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_stat *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_stat (const struct guestfs_stat *, const struct guestfs_stat *);
 int guestfs_compare_stat_list (const struct guestfs_stat_list *, const struct guestfs_stat_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_stat *guestfs_copy_stat (const struct guestfs_stat *);
 struct guestfs_stat_list *guestfs_copy_stat_list (const struct guestfs_stat_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_stat (struct guestfs_stat *);
 void guestfs_free_stat_list (struct guestfs_stat_list *);

guestfs_statns

 struct guestfs_statns {
   int64_t st_dev;
   int64_t st_ino;
   int64_t st_mode;
   int64_t st_nlink;
   int64_t st_uid;
   int64_t st_gid;
   int64_t st_rdev;
   int64_t st_size;
   int64_t st_blksize;
   int64_t st_blocks;
   int64_t st_atime_sec;
   int64_t st_atime_nsec;
   int64_t st_mtime_sec;
   int64_t st_mtime_nsec;
   int64_t st_ctime_sec;
   int64_t st_ctime_nsec;
   int64_t st_spare1;
   int64_t st_spare2;
   int64_t st_spare3;
   int64_t st_spare4;
   int64_t st_spare5;
   int64_t st_spare6;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_statns_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_statns *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_statns (const struct guestfs_statns *, const struct guestfs_statns *);
 int guestfs_compare_statns_list (const struct guestfs_statns_list *, const struct guestfs_statns_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_statns *guestfs_copy_statns (const struct guestfs_statns *);
 struct guestfs_statns_list *guestfs_copy_statns_list (const struct guestfs_statns_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_statns (struct guestfs_statns *);
 void guestfs_free_statns_list (struct guestfs_statns_list *);

guestfs_statvfs

 struct guestfs_statvfs {
   int64_t bsize;
   int64_t frsize;
   int64_t blocks;
   int64_t bfree;
   int64_t bavail;
   int64_t files;
   int64_t ffree;
   int64_t favail;
   int64_t fsid;
   int64_t flag;
   int64_t namemax;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_statvfs_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_statvfs *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_statvfs (const struct guestfs_statvfs *, const struct guestfs_statvfs *);
 int guestfs_compare_statvfs_list (const struct guestfs_statvfs_list *, const struct guestfs_statvfs_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_statvfs *guestfs_copy_statvfs (const struct guestfs_statvfs *);
 struct guestfs_statvfs_list *guestfs_copy_statvfs_list (const struct guestfs_statvfs_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_statvfs (struct guestfs_statvfs *);
 void guestfs_free_statvfs_list (struct guestfs_statvfs_list *);

guestfs_dirent

 struct guestfs_dirent {
   int64_t ino;
   char ftyp;
   char *name;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_dirent_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_dirent *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_dirent (const struct guestfs_dirent *, const struct guestfs_dirent *);
 int guestfs_compare_dirent_list (const struct guestfs_dirent_list *, const struct guestfs_dirent_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_dirent *guestfs_copy_dirent (const struct guestfs_dirent *);
 struct guestfs_dirent_list *guestfs_copy_dirent_list (const struct guestfs_dirent_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_dirent (struct guestfs_dirent *);
 void guestfs_free_dirent_list (struct guestfs_dirent_list *);

guestfs_version

 struct guestfs_version {
   int64_t major;
   int64_t minor;
   int64_t release;
   char *extra;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_version_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_version *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_version (const struct guestfs_version *, const struct guestfs_version *);
 int guestfs_compare_version_list (const struct guestfs_version_list *, const struct guestfs_version_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_version *guestfs_copy_version (const struct guestfs_version *);
 struct guestfs_version_list *guestfs_copy_version_list (const struct guestfs_version_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_version (struct guestfs_version *);
 void guestfs_free_version_list (struct guestfs_version_list *);

guestfs_xattr

 struct guestfs_xattr {
   char *attrname;
   /* 以下の 2 項目はバイト列を表します。 */
   uint32_t attrval_len;
   char *attrval;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_xattr_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_xattr *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_xattr (const struct guestfs_xattr *, const struct guestfs_xattr *);
 int guestfs_compare_xattr_list (const struct guestfs_xattr_list *, const struct guestfs_xattr_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_xattr *guestfs_copy_xattr (const struct guestfs_xattr *);
 struct guestfs_xattr_list *guestfs_copy_xattr_list (const struct guestfs_xattr_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_xattr (struct guestfs_xattr *);
 void guestfs_free_xattr_list (struct guestfs_xattr_list *);

guestfs_inotify_event

 struct guestfs_inotify_event {
   int64_t in_wd;
   uint32_t in_mask;
   uint32_t in_cookie;
   char *in_name;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_inotify_event_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_inotify_event *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_inotify_event (const struct guestfs_inotify_event *, const struct guestfs_inotify_event *);
 int guestfs_compare_inotify_event_list (const struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *, const struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_inotify_event *guestfs_copy_inotify_event (const struct guestfs_inotify_event *);
 struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *guestfs_copy_inotify_event_list (const struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_inotify_event (struct guestfs_inotify_event *);
 void guestfs_free_inotify_event_list (struct guestfs_inotify_event_list *);

guestfs_partition

 struct guestfs_partition {
   int32_t part_num;
   uint64_t part_start;
   uint64_t part_end;
   uint64_t part_size;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_partition_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_partition *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_partition (const struct guestfs_partition *, const struct guestfs_partition *);
 int guestfs_compare_partition_list (const struct guestfs_partition_list *, const struct guestfs_partition_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_partition *guestfs_copy_partition (const struct guestfs_partition *);
 struct guestfs_partition_list *guestfs_copy_partition_list (const struct guestfs_partition_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_partition (struct guestfs_partition *);
 void guestfs_free_partition_list (struct guestfs_partition_list *);

guestfs_application

 struct guestfs_application {
   char *app_name;
   char *app_display_name;
   int32_t app_epoch;
   char *app_version;
   char *app_release;
   char *app_install_path;
   char *app_trans_path;
   char *app_publisher;
   char *app_url;
   char *app_source_package;
   char *app_summary;
   char *app_description;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_application_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_application *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_application (const struct guestfs_application *, const struct guestfs_application *);
 int guestfs_compare_application_list (const struct guestfs_application_list *, const struct guestfs_application_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_application *guestfs_copy_application (const struct guestfs_application *);
 struct guestfs_application_list *guestfs_copy_application_list (const struct guestfs_application_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_application (struct guestfs_application *);
 void guestfs_free_application_list (struct guestfs_application_list *);

guestfs_application2

 struct guestfs_application2 {
   char *app2_name;
   char *app2_display_name;
   int32_t app2_epoch;
   char *app2_version;
   char *app2_release;
   char *app2_arch;
   char *app2_install_path;
   char *app2_trans_path;
   char *app2_publisher;
   char *app2_url;
   char *app2_source_package;
   char *app2_summary;
   char *app2_description;
   char *app2_spare1;
   char *app2_spare2;
   char *app2_spare3;
   char *app2_spare4;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_application2_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_application2 *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_application2 (const struct guestfs_application2 *, const struct guestfs_application2 *);
 int guestfs_compare_application2_list (const struct guestfs_application2_list *, const struct guestfs_application2_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_application2 *guestfs_copy_application2 (const struct guestfs_application2 *);
 struct guestfs_application2_list *guestfs_copy_application2_list (const struct guestfs_application2_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_application2 (struct guestfs_application2 *);
 void guestfs_free_application2_list (struct guestfs_application2_list *);

guestfs_isoinfo

 struct guestfs_isoinfo {
   char *iso_system_id;
   char *iso_volume_id;
   uint32_t iso_volume_space_size;
   uint32_t iso_volume_set_size;
   uint32_t iso_volume_sequence_number;
   uint32_t iso_logical_block_size;
   char *iso_volume_set_id;
   char *iso_publisher_id;
   char *iso_data_preparer_id;
   char *iso_application_id;
   char *iso_copyright_file_id;
   char *iso_abstract_file_id;
   char *iso_bibliographic_file_id;
   int64_t iso_volume_creation_t;
   int64_t iso_volume_modification_t;
   int64_t iso_volume_expiration_t;
   int64_t iso_volume_effective_t;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_isoinfo_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_isoinfo *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_isoinfo (const struct guestfs_isoinfo *, const struct guestfs_isoinfo *);
 int guestfs_compare_isoinfo_list (const struct guestfs_isoinfo_list *, const struct guestfs_isoinfo_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_isoinfo *guestfs_copy_isoinfo (const struct guestfs_isoinfo *);
 struct guestfs_isoinfo_list *guestfs_copy_isoinfo_list (const struct guestfs_isoinfo_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_isoinfo (struct guestfs_isoinfo *);
 void guestfs_free_isoinfo_list (struct guestfs_isoinfo_list *);

guestfs_mdstat

 struct guestfs_mdstat {
   char *mdstat_device;
   int32_t mdstat_index;
   char *mdstat_flags;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_mdstat_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_mdstat *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_mdstat (const struct guestfs_mdstat *, const struct guestfs_mdstat *);
 int guestfs_compare_mdstat_list (const struct guestfs_mdstat_list *, const struct guestfs_mdstat_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_mdstat *guestfs_copy_mdstat (const struct guestfs_mdstat *);
 struct guestfs_mdstat_list *guestfs_copy_mdstat_list (const struct guestfs_mdstat_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_mdstat (struct guestfs_mdstat *);
 void guestfs_free_mdstat_list (struct guestfs_mdstat_list *);

guestfs_btrfssubvolume

 struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume {
   uint64_t btrfssubvolume_id;
   uint64_t btrfssubvolume_top_level_id;
   char *btrfssubvolume_path;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_btrfssubvolume (const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *, const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *);
 int guestfs_compare_btrfssubvolume_list (const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *, const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *guestfs_copy_btrfssubvolume (const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *);
 struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *guestfs_copy_btrfssubvolume_list (const struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_btrfssubvolume (struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume *);
 void guestfs_free_btrfssubvolume_list (struct guestfs_btrfssubvolume_list *);

guestfs_btrfsqgroup

 struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup {
   char *btrfsqgroup_id;
   uint64_t btrfsqgroup_rfer;
   uint64_t btrfsqgroup_excl;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsqgroup (const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *, const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *);
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsqgroup_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *, const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *guestfs_copy_btrfsqgroup (const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *);
 struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *guestfs_copy_btrfsqgroup_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_btrfsqgroup (struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup *);
 void guestfs_free_btrfsqgroup_list (struct guestfs_btrfsqgroup_list *);

guestfs_btrfsbalance

 struct guestfs_btrfsbalance {
   char *btrfsbalance_status;
   uint64_t btrfsbalance_total;
   uint64_t btrfsbalance_balanced;
   uint64_t btrfsbalance_considered;
   uint64_t btrfsbalance_left;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsbalance (const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *, const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *);
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsbalance_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list *, const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *guestfs_copy_btrfsbalance (const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *);
 struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list *guestfs_copy_btrfsbalance_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_btrfsbalance (struct guestfs_btrfsbalance *);
 void guestfs_free_btrfsbalance_list (struct guestfs_btrfsbalance_list *);

guestfs_btrfsscrub

 struct guestfs_btrfsscrub {
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_data_extents_scrubbed;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_tree_extents_scrubbed;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_data_bytes_scrubbed;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_tree_bytes_scrubbed;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_read_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_csum_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_verify_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_no_csum;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_csum_discards;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_super_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_malloc_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_uncorrectable_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_unverified_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_corrected_errors;
   uint64_t btrfsscrub_last_physical;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsscrub (const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *, const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *);
 int guestfs_compare_btrfsscrub_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list *, const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *guestfs_copy_btrfsscrub (const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *);
 struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list *guestfs_copy_btrfsscrub_list (const struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_btrfsscrub (struct guestfs_btrfsscrub *);
 void guestfs_free_btrfsscrub_list (struct guestfs_btrfsscrub_list *);

guestfs_xfsinfo

 struct guestfs_xfsinfo {
   char *xfs_mntpoint;
   uint32_t xfs_inodesize;
   uint32_t xfs_agcount;
   uint32_t xfs_agsize;
   uint32_t xfs_sectsize;
   uint32_t xfs_attr;
   uint32_t xfs_blocksize;
   uint64_t xfs_datablocks;
   uint32_t xfs_imaxpct;
   uint32_t xfs_sunit;
   uint32_t xfs_swidth;
   uint32_t xfs_dirversion;
   uint32_t xfs_dirblocksize;
   uint32_t xfs_cimode;
   char *xfs_logname;
   uint32_t xfs_logblocksize;
   uint32_t xfs_logblocks;
   uint32_t xfs_logversion;
   uint32_t xfs_logsectsize;
   uint32_t xfs_logsunit;
   uint32_t xfs_lazycount;
   char *xfs_rtname;
   uint32_t xfs_rtextsize;
   uint64_t xfs_rtblocks;
   uint64_t xfs_rtextents;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_xfsinfo *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_xfsinfo (const struct guestfs_xfsinfo *, const struct guestfs_xfsinfo *);
 int guestfs_compare_xfsinfo_list (const struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list *, const struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_xfsinfo *guestfs_copy_xfsinfo (const struct guestfs_xfsinfo *);
 struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list *guestfs_copy_xfsinfo_list (const struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_xfsinfo (struct guestfs_xfsinfo *);
 void guestfs_free_xfsinfo_list (struct guestfs_xfsinfo_list *);

guestfs_utsname

 struct guestfs_utsname {
   char *uts_sysname;
   char *uts_release;
   char *uts_version;
   char *uts_machine;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_utsname_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_utsname *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_utsname (const struct guestfs_utsname *, const struct guestfs_utsname *);
 int guestfs_compare_utsname_list (const struct guestfs_utsname_list *, const struct guestfs_utsname_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_utsname *guestfs_copy_utsname (const struct guestfs_utsname *);
 struct guestfs_utsname_list *guestfs_copy_utsname_list (const struct guestfs_utsname_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_utsname (struct guestfs_utsname *);
 void guestfs_free_utsname_list (struct guestfs_utsname_list *);

guestfs_hivex_node

 struct guestfs_hivex_node {
   int64_t hivex_node_h;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_hivex_node_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_hivex_node *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_hivex_node (const struct guestfs_hivex_node *, const struct guestfs_hivex_node *);
 int guestfs_compare_hivex_node_list (const struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *, const struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_hivex_node *guestfs_copy_hivex_node (const struct guestfs_hivex_node *);
 struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *guestfs_copy_hivex_node_list (const struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_hivex_node (struct guestfs_hivex_node *);
 void guestfs_free_hivex_node_list (struct guestfs_hivex_node_list *);

guestfs_hivex_value

 struct guestfs_hivex_value {
   int64_t hivex_value_h;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_hivex_value_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_hivex_value *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_hivex_value (const struct guestfs_hivex_value *, const struct guestfs_hivex_value *);
 int guestfs_compare_hivex_value_list (const struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *, const struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_hivex_value *guestfs_copy_hivex_value (const struct guestfs_hivex_value *);
 struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *guestfs_copy_hivex_value_list (const struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_hivex_value (struct guestfs_hivex_value *);
 void guestfs_free_hivex_value_list (struct guestfs_hivex_value_list *);

guestfs_internal_mountable

 struct guestfs_internal_mountable {
   int32_t im_type;
   char *im_device;
   char *im_volume;
 };
 
 struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list {
   uint32_t len; /* Number of elements in list. */
   struct guestfs_internal_mountable *val; /* Elements. */
 };
 int guestfs_compare_internal_mountable (const struct guestfs_internal_mountable *, const struct guestfs_internal_mountable *);
 int guestfs_compare_internal_mountable_list (const struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list *, const struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list *);
 
 struct guestfs_internal_mountable *guestfs_copy_internal_mountable (const struct guestfs_internal_mountable *);
 struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list *guestfs_copy_internal_mountable_list (const struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list *);
 
 void guestfs_free_internal_mountable (struct guestfs_internal_mountable *);
 void guestfs_free_internal_mountable_list (struct guestfs_internal_mountable_list *);

可用性

アプライアンスの機能のグループ

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``part_add'' を使用してください。
acl
次の関数: ``guestfs_acl_delete_def_file'' ``guestfs_acl_get_file'' ``guestfs_acl_set_file''
blkdiscard
The following functions: ``guestfs_blkdiscard''
blkdiscardzeroes
The following functions: ``guestfs_blkdiscardzeroes''
btrfs
The following functions: ``guestfs_btrfs_balance_cancel'' ``guestfs_btrfs_balance_pause'' ``guestfs_btrfs_balance_resume'' ``guestfs_btrfs_balance_status'' ``guestfs_btrfs_device_add'' ``guestfs_btrfs_device_delete'' ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_balance'' ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_defragment'' ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_resize'' ``guestfs_btrfs_filesystem_sync'' ``guestfs_btrfs_fsck'' ``guestfs_btrfs_image'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_assign'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_create'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_destroy'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_limit'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_remove'' ``guestfs_btrfs_qgroup_show'' ``guestfs_btrfs_quota_enable'' ``guestfs_btrfs_quota_rescan'' ``guestfs_btrfs_replace'' ``guestfs_btrfs_rescue_chunk_recover'' ``guestfs_btrfs_rescue_super_recover'' ``guestfs_btrfs_scrub_cancel'' ``guestfs_btrfs_scrub_resume'' ``guestfs_btrfs_scrub_start'' ``guestfs_btrfs_scrub_status'' ``guestfs_btrfs_set_seeding'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_create'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_delete'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_get_default'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_list'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_set_default'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_show'' ``guestfs_btrfs_subvolume_snapshot'' ``guestfs_btrfstune_enable_extended_inode_refs'' ``guestfs_btrfstune_enable_skinny_metadata_extent_refs'' ``guestfs_btrfstune_seeding'' ``guestfs_mkfs_btrfs''
extlinux
次の関数: ``guestfs_extlinux''
fstrim
次の関数: ``guestfs_fstrim''
gdisk
The following functions: ``guestfs_part_get_gpt_guid'' ``guestfs_part_get_gpt_type'' ``guestfs_part_set_gpt_guid'' ``guestfs_part_set_gpt_type''
grub
次の関数: ``guestfs_grub_install''
hivex
次の関数: ``guestfs_hivex_close'' ``guestfs_hivex_commit'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_add_child'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_children'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_delete_child'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_get_child'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_get_value'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_name'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_parent'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_set_value'' ``guestfs_hivex_node_values'' ``guestfs_hivex_open'' ``guestfs_hivex_root'' ``guestfs_hivex_value_key'' ``guestfs_hivex_value_type'' ``guestfs_hivex_value_value''
inotify
次の関数: ``guestfs_inotify_add_watch'' ``guestfs_inotify_close'' ``guestfs_inotify_files'' ``guestfs_inotify_init'' ``guestfs_inotify_read'' ``guestfs_inotify_rm_watch''
journal
The following functions: ``guestfs_internal_journal_get'' ``guestfs_journal_close'' ``guestfs_journal_get_data_threshold'' ``guestfs_journal_get_realtime_usec'' ``guestfs_journal_next'' ``guestfs_journal_open'' ``guestfs_journal_set_data_threshold'' ``guestfs_journal_skip''
ldm
次の関数: ``guestfs_ldmtool_create_all'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_disks'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_name'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_diskgroup_volumes'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_remove_all'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_scan'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_scan_devices'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_volume_hint'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_volume_partitions'' ``guestfs_ldmtool_volume_type'' ``guestfs_list_ldm_partitions'' ``guestfs_list_ldm_volumes''
linuxcaps
次の関数: ``guestfs_cap_get_file'' ``guestfs_cap_set_file''
linuxfsuuid
次の関数: ``guestfs_mke2fs_JU'' ``guestfs_mke2journal_U'' ``guestfs_mkswap_U'' ``guestfs_swapoff_uuid'' ``guestfs_swapon_uuid''
linuxmodules
次の関数: ``guestfs_modprobe''
linuxxattrs
次の関数: ``guestfs_getxattr'' ``guestfs_getxattrs'' ``guestfs_internal_lxattrlist'' ``guestfs_lgetxattr'' ``guestfs_lgetxattrs'' ``guestfs_lremovexattr'' ``guestfs_lsetxattr'' ``guestfs_removexattr'' ``guestfs_setxattr''
luks
次の関数: ``guestfs_luks_add_key'' ``guestfs_luks_close'' ``guestfs_luks_format'' ``guestfs_luks_format_cipher'' ``guestfs_luks_kill_slot'' ``guestfs_luks_open'' ``guestfs_luks_open_ro''
lvm2
次の関数: ``guestfs_lvcreate'' ``guestfs_lvcreate_free'' ``guestfs_lvm_remove_all'' ``guestfs_lvm_set_filter'' ``guestfs_lvremove'' ``guestfs_lvresize'' ``guestfs_lvresize_free'' ``guestfs_lvs'' ``guestfs_lvs_full'' ``guestfs_pvchange_uuid'' ``guestfs_pvchange_uuid_all'' ``guestfs_pvcreate'' ``guestfs_pvremove'' ``guestfs_pvresize'' ``guestfs_pvresize_size'' ``guestfs_pvs'' ``guestfs_pvs_full'' ``guestfs_vg_activate'' ``guestfs_vg_activate_all'' ``guestfs_vgchange_uuid'' ``guestfs_vgchange_uuid_all'' ``guestfs_vgcreate'' ``guestfs_vgmeta'' ``guestfs_vgremove'' ``guestfs_vgs'' ``guestfs_vgs_full''
mdadm
次の関数: ``guestfs_md_create'' ``guestfs_md_detail'' ``guestfs_md_stat'' ``guestfs_md_stop''
mknod
次の関数: ``guestfs_mkfifo'' ``guestfs_mknod'' ``guestfs_mknod_b'' ``guestfs_mknod_c''
ntfs3g
次の関数: ``guestfs_ntfs_3g_probe'' ``guestfs_ntfsclone_in'' ``guestfs_ntfsclone_out'' ``guestfs_ntfsfix''
ntfsprogs
次の関数: ``guestfs_ntfsresize'' ``guestfs_ntfsresize_size''
rsync
次の関数: ``guestfs_rsync'' ``guestfs_rsync_in'' ``guestfs_rsync_out''
scrub
次の関数: ``guestfs_scrub_device'' ``guestfs_scrub_file'' ``guestfs_scrub_freespace''
selinux
次の関数: ``guestfs_getcon'' ``guestfs_setcon''
syslinux
次の関数: ``guestfs_syslinux''
wipefs
次の関数: ``guestfs_wipefs''
xfs
次の関数: ``guestfs_xfs_admin'' ``guestfs_xfs_growfs'' ``guestfs_xfs_info'' ``guestfs_xfs_repair''
xz
次の関数: ``guestfs_txz_in'' ``guestfs_txz_out''
zerofree
次の関数: ``guestfs_zerofree''

利用可能なファイルシステム

The ``guestfs_filesystem_available'' call tests whether a filesystem type is supported by the appliance kernel.

This is mainly useful as a negative test. If this returns true, it doesn't mean that a particular filesystem can be mounted, since filesystems can fail for other reasons such as it being a later version of the filesystem, or having incompatible features.

guestfish がサポートするコマンド

In guestfish(3) there is a handy interactive command "supported" which prints out the available groups and whether they are supported by this build of libguestfs. Note however that you have to do "run" first.

SINGLE CALLS AT COMPILE TIME

バージョン 1.5.8 から "<guestfs.h>" に定義されたシンボルの C API 関数があります。次のようなものがあります:

 #define GUESTFS_HAVE_DD 1

``guestfs_dd'' が利用可能な場合。

Before version 1.5.8, if you needed to test whether a single libguestfs function is available at compile time, we recommended using build tools such as autoconf or cmake. For example in autotools you could use:

 AC_CHECK_LIB([guestfs],[guestfs_create])
 AC_CHECK_FUNCS([guestfs_dd])

which would result in "HAVE_GUESTFS_DD" being either defined or not defined in your program.

SINGLE CALLS AT RUN TIME

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``part_list'' を使用してください。

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``write'' を使用してください。

 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 #include <dlfcn.h>
 #include <guestfs.h>
 
 main ()
 {
 #ifdef GUESTFS_HAVE_DD
   void *dl;
   int has_function;
 
   /* guestfs_dd 関数が本当に利用可能かを確認します。 */
   dl = dlopen (NULL, RTLD_LAZY);
   if (!dl) {
     fprintf (stderr, "dlopen: %s\n", dlerror ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   has_function = dlsym (dl, "guestfs_dd") != NULL;
   dlclose (dl);
 
   if (!has_function)
     printf ("この libguestfs.so は guestfs_dd 関数がありません\n");
   else {
     printf ("この libguestfs.so は guestfs_dd 関数があります\n");
     /* Now it's safe to call
     guestfs_dd (g, "foo", "bar");
     */
   }
 #else
   printf ("guestfs_dd 関数がコンパイル時に見つかりませんでした\n");
 #endif
  }

You may think the above is an awful lot of hassle, and it is. There are other ways outside of the C linking system to ensure that this kind of incompatibility never arises, such as using package versioning:

 Requires: libguestfs >= 1.0.80

CALLS WITH OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS

A recent feature of the API is the introduction of calls which take optional arguments. In C these are declared 3 ways. The main way is as a call which takes variable arguments (ie. "..."), as in this example:

 int guestfs_add_drive_opts (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename, ...);

Call this with a list of optional arguments, terminated by "-1". So to call with no optional arguments specified:

 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename, -1);

単一の引数の場合:

 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "qcow2",
                         -1);

2つの引数の場合:

 guestfs_add_drive_opts (g, filename,
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT, "qcow2",
                         GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_READONLY, 1,
                         -1);

and so forth. Don't forget the terminating "-1" otherwise Bad Things will happen!

USING va_list FOR OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_add_drive_opts'' を使用してください。

 int guestfs_add_drive_opts_va (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename,
                                va_list args);

オプション引数の構築

The third variant is useful where you need to construct these calls. You pass in a structure where you fill in the optional fields. The structure has a bitmask as the first element which you must set to indicate which fields you have filled in. For our example function the structure and call are declared:

 struct guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv {
   uint64_t bitmask;
   int readonly;
   const char *format;
   /* ... */
 };
 int guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename,
              const struct guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv *optargs);

次のように呼び出すことができます。

 struct guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv optargs = {
   .bitmask = GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_READONLY_BITMASK |
              GUESTFS_ADD_DRIVE_OPTS_FORMAT_BITMASK,
   .readonly = 1,
   .format = "qcow2"
 };
 
 guestfs_add_drive_opts_argv (g, filename, &optargs);

注:

  • The "_BITMASK" suffix on each option name when specifying the bitmask.
  • You do not need to fill in all fields of the structure.
  • There must be a one-to-one correspondence between fields of the structure that are filled in, and bits set in the bitmask.

OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS IN OTHER LANGUAGES

In other languages, optional arguments are expressed in the way that is natural for that language. We refer you to the language-specific documentation for more details on that.

guestfish は ``OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS'' in guestfish(1) を参照してください。

イベント

SETTING CALLBACKS TO HANDLE EVENTS

Note: This section documents the generic event mechanism introduced in libguestfs 1.10, which you should use in new code if possible. The old functions "guestfs_set_log_message_callback", "guestfs_set_subprocess_quit_callback", "guestfs_set_launch_done_callback", "guestfs_set_close_callback" and "guestfs_set_progress_callback" are no longer documented in this manual page. Because of the ABI guarantee, the old functions continue to work.

Handles generate events when certain things happen, such as log messages being generated, progress messages during long-running operations, or the handle being closed. The API calls described below let you register a callback to be called when events happen. You can register multiple callbacks (for the same, different or overlapping sets of events), and individually remove callbacks. If callbacks are not removed, then they remain in force until the handle is closed.

In the current implementation, events are only generated synchronously: that means that events (and hence callbacks) can only happen while you are in the middle of making another libguestfs call. The callback is called in the same thread.

Events may contain a payload, usually nothing (void), an array of 64 bit unsigned integers, or a message buffer. Payloads are discussed later on.

イベントのクラス

GUESTFS_EVENT_CLOSE (ペイロード形式: void)
The callback function will be called while the handle is being closed (synchronously from ``guestfs_close'').

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_fallocate64'' を使用してください。

If no callback is registered: the handle is closed without any callback being invoked.

GUESTFS_EVENT_SUBPROCESS_QUIT (ペイロード形式: void)
The callback function will be called when the child process quits, either asynchronously or if killed by ``guestfs_kill_subprocess''. (This corresponds to a transition from any state to the CONFIG state).

If no callback is registered: the event is ignored.

GUESTFS_EVENT_LAUNCH_DONE (ペイロード形式: void)
The callback function will be called when the child process becomes ready first time after it has been launched. (This corresponds to a transition from LAUNCHING to the READY state).

If no callback is registered: the event is ignored.

GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS (ペイロード形式: 4 x uint64_t の配列)
Some long-running operations can generate progress messages. If this callback is registered, then it will be called each time a progress message is generated (usually two seconds after the operation started, and three times per second thereafter until it completes, although the frequency may change in future versions).

The callback receives in the payload four unsigned 64 bit numbers which are (in order): "proc_nr", "serial", "position", "total".

The units of "total" are not defined, although for some operations "total" may relate in some way to the amount of data to be transferred (eg. in bytes or megabytes), and "position" may be the portion which has been transferred.

The only defined and stable parts of the API are:

  • The callback can display to the user some type of progress bar or indicator which shows the ratio of "position":"total".
  • 0 <= "position" <= "total"
  • If any progress notification is sent during a call, then a final progress notification is always sent when "position" = "total" (unless the call fails with an error).

    This is to simplify caller code, so callers can easily set the progress indicator to ``100%'' at the end of the operation, without requiring special code to detect this case.

  • For some calls we are unable to estimate the progress of the call, but we can still generate progress messages to indicate activity. This is known as ``pulse mode'', and is directly supported by certain progress bar implementations (eg. GtkProgressBar).

    For these calls, zero or more progress messages are generated with "position = 0" and "total = 1", followed by a final message with "position = total = 1".

    As noted above, if the call fails with an error then the final message may not be generated.

The callback also receives the procedure number ("proc_nr") and serial number ("serial") of the call. These are only useful for debugging protocol issues, and the callback can normally ignore them. The callback may want to print these numbers in error messages or debugging messages.

If no callback is registered: progress messages are discarded.

GUESTFS_EVENT_APPLIANCE (ペイロード形式: メッセージバッファー)
The callback function is called whenever a log message is generated by qemu, the appliance kernel, guestfsd (daemon), or utility programs.

If the verbose flag (``guestfs_set_verbose'') is set before launch (``guestfs_launch'') then additional debug messages are generated.

If no callback is registered: the messages are discarded unless the verbose flag is set in which case they are sent to stderr. You can override the printing of verbose messages to stderr by setting up a callback.

GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBRARY (payload type: message buffer)
The callback function is called whenever a log message is generated by the library part of libguestfs.

If the verbose flag (``guestfs_set_verbose'') is set then additional debug messages are generated.

If no callback is registered: the messages are discarded unless the verbose flag is set in which case they are sent to stderr. You can override the printing of verbose messages to stderr by setting up a callback.

GUESTFS_EVENT_WARNING (payload type: message buffer)
The callback function is called whenever a warning message is generated by the library part of libguestfs.

If no callback is registered: the messages are printed to stderr. You can override the printing of warning messages to stderr by setting up a callback.

GUESTFS_EVENT_TRACE (ペイロード形式: メッセージバッファー)
The callback function is called whenever a trace message is generated. This only applies if the trace flag (``guestfs_set_trace'') is set.

If no callback is registered: the messages are sent to stderr. You can override the printing of trace messages to stderr by setting up a callback.

GUESTFS_EVENT_ENTER (payload type: function name)
The callback function is called whenever a libguestfs function is entered.

The payload is a string which contains the name of the function that we are entering (not including "guestfs_" prefix).

Note that libguestfs functions can call themselves, so you may see many events from a single call. A few libguestfs functions do not generate this event.

If no callback is registered: the event is ignored.

GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH (payload type: libvirt URI)
For any API function that opens a libvirt connection, this event may be generated to indicate that libvirt demands authentication information. See ``LIBVIRT AUTHENTICATION'' below.

If no callback is registered: "virConnectAuthPtrDefault" is used (suitable for command-line programs only).

イベント API

guestfs_set_event_callback

 int guestfs_set_event_callback (guestfs_h *g,
                                 guestfs_event_callback cb,
                                 uint64_t event_bitmask,
                                 int flags,
                                 void *opaque);

This function registers a callback ("cb") for all event classes in the "event_bitmask".

For example, to register for all log message events, you could call this function with the bitmask "GUESTFS_EVENT_APPLIANCE|GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBRARY|GUESTFS_EVENT_WARNING". To register a single callback for all possible classes of events, use "GUESTFS_EVENT_ALL".

"flags" should always be passed as 0.

"opaque" is an opaque pointer which is passed to the callback. You can use it for any purpose.

The return value is the event handle (an integer) which you can use to delete the callback (see below).

If there is an error, this function returns "-1", and sets the error in the handle in the usual way (see ``guestfs_last_error'' etc.)

Callbacks remain in effect until they are deleted, or until the handle is closed.

In the case where multiple callbacks are registered for a particular event class, all of the callbacks are called. The order in which multiple callbacks are called is not defined.

guestfs_delete_event_callback

 void guestfs_delete_event_callback (guestfs_h *g, int event_handle);

Delete a callback that was previously registered. "event_handle" should be the integer that was returned by a previous call to "guestfs_set_event_callback" on the same handle.

guestfs_event_to_string

 char *guestfs_event_to_string (uint64_t event);

"event" is either a single event or a bitmask of events. This returns a string representation (useful for debugging or printing events).

A single event is returned as the name in lower case, eg. "close".

A bitmask of several events is returned as a comma-separated list, eg. "close,progress".

If zero is passed, then the empty string "" is returned.

On success this returns a string. On error it returns NULL and sets "errno".

The returned string must be freed by the caller.

guestfs_event_callback

 typedef void (*guestfs_event_callback) (
                  guestfs_h *g,
                  void *opaque,
                  uint64_t event,
                  int event_handle,
                  int flags,
                  const char *buf, size_t buf_len,
                  const uint64_t *array, size_t array_len);

This is the type of the event callback function that you have to provide.

The basic parameters are: the handle ("g"), the opaque user pointer ("opaque"), the event class (eg. "GUESTFS_EVENT_PROGRESS"), the event handle, and "flags" which in the current API you should ignore.

The remaining parameters contain the event payload (if any). Each event may contain a payload, which usually relates to the event class, but for future proofing your code should be written to handle any payload for any event class.

"buf" and "buf_len" contain a message buffer (if "buf_len == 0", then there is no message buffer). Note that this message buffer can contain arbitrary 8 bit data, including NUL bytes.

"array" and "array_len" is an array of 64 bit unsigned integers. At the moment this is only used for progress messages.

EXAMPLE: CAPTURING LOG MESSAGES

A working program demonstrating this can be found in examples/debug-logging.c in the source of libguestfs.

One motivation for the generic event API was to allow GUI programs to capture debug and other messages. In libguestfs ≤ 1.8 these were sent unconditionally to "stderr".

Events associated with log messages are: "GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBRARY", "GUESTFS_EVENT_APPLIANCE", "GUESTFS_EVENT_WARNING" and "GUESTFS_EVENT_TRACE". (Note that error messages are not events; you must capture error messages separately).

Programs have to set up a callback to capture the classes of events of interest:

 int eh =
   guestfs_set_event_callback
     (g, message_callback,
      GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBRARY | GUESTFS_EVENT_APPLIANCE |
      GUESTFS_EVENT_WARNING | GUESTFS_EVENT_TRACE,
      0, NULL) == -1)
 if (eh == -1) {
   // handle error in the usual way
 }

The callback can then direct messages to the appropriate place. In this example, messages are directed to syslog:

 static void
 message_callback (
         guestfs_h *g,
         void *opaque,
         uint64_t event,
         int event_handle,
         int flags,
         const char *buf, size_t buf_len,
         const uint64_t *array, size_t array_len)
 {
   const int priority = LOG_USER|LOG_INFO;
   if (buf_len > 0)
     syslog (priority, "event 0x%lx: %s", event, buf);
 }

libvirt 認証

Some libguestfs API calls can open libvirt connections. Currently the only ones are ``guestfs_add_domain''; and ``guestfs_launch'' if the libvirt backend has been selected. Libvirt connections may require authentication, for example if they need to access a remote server or to access root services from non-root. Libvirt authentication happens via a callback mechanism, see http://libvirt.org/guide/html/Application_Development_Guide-Connections.html

You may provide libvirt authentication data by registering a callback for events of type "GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH".

If no such event is registered, then libguestfs uses a libvirt function that provides command-line prompts ("virConnectAuthPtrDefault"). This is only suitable for command-line libguestfs programs.

To provide authentication, first call ``guestfs_set_libvirt_supported_credentials'' with the list of credentials your program knows how to provide. Second, register a callback for the "GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH" event. The event handler will be called when libvirt is requesting authentication information.

In the event handler, call ``guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credentials'' to get a list of the credentials that libvirt is asking for. You then need to ask (eg. the user) for each credential, and call ``guestfs_set_libvirt_requested_credential'' with the answer. Note that for each credential, additional information may be available via the calls ``guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_prompt'', ``guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_challenge'' or ``guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_defresult''.

The example program below should make this clearer.

There is also a more substantial working example program supplied with the libguestfs sources, called libvirt-auth.c.

 main ()
 {
   guestfs_h *g;
   char *creds[] = { "authname", "passphrase", NULL };
   int r, eh;
 
   g = guestfs_create ();
   if (!g) exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
   /* プログラムがサポートするクレデンシャルを libvirt に伝える。 */
   r = guestfs_set_libvirt_supported_credentials (g, creds);
   if (r == -1)
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
   /* イベントハンドラーをセットアップする。 */
   eh = guestfs_set_event_callback (
       g, do_auth,
       GUESTFS_EVENT_LIBVIRT_AUTH, 0, NULL);
   if (eh == -1)
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
   /* An example of a call that may ask for credentials. */
   r = guestfs_add_domain (
       g, "dom",
       GUESTFS_ADD_DOMAIN_LIBVIRTURI, "qemu:///system",
       -1);
   if (r == -1)
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
   exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
 }
 
 static void
 do_auth (guestfs_h *g,
          void *opaque,
          uint64_t event,
          int event_handle,
          int flags,
          const char *buf, size_t buf_len,
          const uint64_t *array, size_t array_len)
 {
   char **creds;
   size_t i;
   char *prompt;
   char *reply;
   size_t replylen;
   int r;
 
   // buf will be the libvirt URI.  buf_len may be ignored.
   printf ("Authentication required for libvirt conn '%s'\n",
           buf);
 
   // Ask libguestfs what credentials libvirt is demanding.
   creds = guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credentials (g);
   if (creds == NULL)
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
   // Now ask the user for answers.
   for (i = 0; creds[i] != NULL; ++i)
   {
     if (strcmp (creds[i], "authname") == 0 ||
         strcmp (creds[i], "passphrase") == 0)
     {
       prompt =
         guestfs_get_libvirt_requested_credential_prompt (g, i);
       if (prompt && strcmp (prompt, "") != 0)
         printf ("%s: ", prompt);
       free (prompt);
 
       // Some code here to ask for the credential.
       // ...
       // Put the reply in 'reply', length 'replylen' (bytes).
 
      r = guestfs_set_libvirt_requested_credential (g, i,
          reply, replylen);
      if (r == -1)
        exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
 
     free (creds[i]);
   }
 
   free (creds);
 }

CANCELLING LONG TRANSFERS

Some operations can be cancelled by the caller while they are in progress. Currently only operations that involve uploading or downloading data can be cancelled (technically: operations that have "FileIn" or "FileOut" parameters in the generator).

To cancel the transfer, call ``guestfs_user_cancel''. For more information, read the description of ``guestfs_user_cancel''.

プライベートデータ領域

You can attach named pieces of private data to the libguestfs handle, fetch them by name, and walk over them, for the lifetime of the handle. This is called the private data area and is only available from the C API.

データの名前付き部分を接続するには、以下の呼び出しを使用します:

 void guestfs_set_private (guestfs_h *g, const char *key, void *data);

"key" is the name to associate with this data, and "data" is an arbitrary pointer (which can be "NULL"). Any previous item with the same key is overwritten.

You can use any "key" string you want, but avoid keys beginning with an underscore character (libguestfs uses those for its own internal purposes, such as implementing language bindings). It is recommended that you prefix the key with some unique string to avoid collisions with other users.

ポインターを取り出すには、次を使用します:

 void *guestfs_get_private (guestfs_h *g, const char *key);

この関数は推奨されません。 新しいコードでは、代わりに ``guestfs_vfs_label'' を使用してください。

Libguestfs does not try to look at or interpret the "data" pointer in any way. As far as libguestfs is concerned, it need not be a valid pointer at all. In particular, libguestfs does not try to free the data when the handle is closed. If the data must be freed, then the caller must either free it before calling ``guestfs_close'' or must set up a close callback to do it (see ``GUESTFS_EVENT_CLOSE'').

To walk over all entries, use these two functions:

 void *guestfs_first_private (guestfs_h *g, const char **key_rtn);
 void *guestfs_next_private (guestfs_h *g, const char **key_rtn);

"guestfs_first_private" returns the first key, pointer pair (``first'' does not have any particular meaning --- keys are not returned in any defined order). A pointer to the key is returned in *key_rtn and the corresponding data pointer is returned from the function. "NULL" is returned if there are no keys stored in the handle.

"guestfs_next_private" returns the next key, pointer pair. The return value of this function is "NULL" if there are no further entries to return.

Notes about walking over entries:

  • You must not call "guestfs_set_private" while walking over the entries.
  • The handle maintains an internal iterator which is reset when you call "guestfs_first_private". This internal iterator is invalidated when you call "guestfs_set_private".
  • If you have set the data pointer associated with a key to "NULL", ie:

     guestfs_set_private (g, key, NULL);
    

    then that "key" is not returned when walking.

  • *key_rtn is only valid until the next call to "guestfs_first_private", "guestfs_next_private" or "guestfs_set_private".

The following example code shows how to print all keys and data pointers that are associated with the handle "g":

 const char *key;
 void *data = guestfs_first_private (g, &key);
 while (data != NULL)
   {
     printf ("key = %s, data = %p\n", key, data);
     data = guestfs_next_private (g, &key);
   }

More commonly you are only interested in keys that begin with an application-specific prefix "foo_". Modify the loop like so:

 const char *key;
 void *data = guestfs_first_private (g, &key);
 while (data != NULL)
   {
     if (strncmp (key, "foo_", strlen ("foo_")) == 0)
       printf ("key = %s, data = %p\n", key, data);
     data = guestfs_next_private (g, &key);
   }

If you need to modify keys while walking, then you have to jump back to the beginning of the loop. For example, to delete all keys prefixed with "foo_":

  const char *key;
  void *data;
 again:
  data = guestfs_first_private (g, &key);
  while (data != NULL)
    {
      if (strncmp (key, "foo_", strlen ("foo_")) == 0)
        {
          guestfs_set_private (g, key, NULL);
          /* note that 'key' pointer is now invalid, and so is
             the internal iterator */
          goto again;
        }
      data = guestfs_next_private (g, &key);
    }

Note that the above loop is guaranteed to terminate because the keys are being deleted, but other manipulations of keys within the loop might not terminate unless you also maintain an indication of which keys have been visited.

SYSTEMTAP

The libguestfs C library can be probed using systemtap or DTrace. This is true of any library, not just libguestfs. However libguestfs also contains static markers to help in probing internal operations.

You can list all the static markers by doing:

 stap -l 'process("/usr/lib*/libguestfs.so.0")
              .provider("guestfs").mark("*")'

Note: These static markers are not part of the stable API and may change in future versions.

SYSTEMTAP SCRIPT EXAMPLE

This script contains examples of displaying both the static markers and some ordinary C entry points:

 global last;
 
 function display_time () {
       now = gettimeofday_us ();
       delta = 0;
       if (last > 0)
             delta = now - last;
       last = now;
 
       printf ("%d (+%d):", now, delta);
 }
 
 probe begin {
       last = 0;
       printf ("ready\n");
 }
 
 /* Display all calls to static markers. */
 probe process("/usr/lib*/libguestfs.so.0")
           .provider("guestfs").mark("*") ? {
       display_time();
       printf ("\t%s %s\n", $$name, $$parms);
 }
 
 /* guestfs_mkfs* 関数へのすべての呼び出しを一覧表示します。 */
 probe process("/usr/lib*/libguestfs.so.0")
           .function("guestfs_mkfs*") ? {
       display_time();
       printf ("\t%s %s\n", probefunc(), $$parms);
 }

The script above can be saved to test.stap and run using the stap(1) program. Note that you either have to be root, or you have to add yourself to several special stap groups. Consult the systemtap documentation for more information.

 # stap /tmp/test.stap
 ready

他の端末において、このように guestfish コマンドを実行します:

 guestfish -N fs

In the first terminal, stap trace output similar to this is shown:

 1318248056692655 (+0): launch_start
 1318248056692850 (+195):       launch_build_appliance_start
 1318248056818285 (+125435):    launch_build_appliance_end
 1318248056838059 (+19774):     launch_run_qemu
 1318248061071167 (+4233108):   launch_end
 1318248061280324 (+209157):    guestfs_mkfs g=0x1024ab0 fstype=0x46116f device=0x1024e60

LIBGUESTFS VERSION NUMBERS

Since April 2010, libguestfs has started to make separate development and stable releases, along with corresponding branches in our git repository. These separate releases can be identified by version number:

                 偶数は安定版: 1.2.x, 1.4.x, ...
       .-------- 奇数は開発版: 1.3.x, 1.5.x, ...
       |
       v
 1  .  3  .  5
 ^           ^
 |           |
 |           `-------- サブバージョン
 |
 `------ ABI を変更しないので、必ず '1' です

このように ``1.3.5'' は開発ブランチ ``1.3'' の 5 番目のアップデートです。

As time passes we cherry pick fixes from the development branch and backport those into the stable branch, the effect being that the stable branch should get more stable and less buggy over time. So the stable releases are ideal for people who don't need new features but would just like the software to work.

バックポートする変更に対する私たちの基準は次のとおりです:

  • コードに何も影響しないドキュメントの変更は、ドキュメントが安定版にない将来の機能を参照していなければ、バックポートされます。
  • 議論の余地がなく、明らかな問題を修正する、十分にテストされたバグ修正はバックポートされます。
  • Simple rearrangements of code which shouldn't affect how it works get backported. This is so that the code in the two branches doesn't get too far out of step, allowing us to backport future fixes more easily.
  • We don't backport new features, new APIs, new tools etc, except in one exceptional case: the new feature is required in order to implement an important bug fix.

A new stable branch starts when we think the new features in development are substantial and compelling enough over the current stable branch to warrant it. When that happens we create new stable and development versions 1.N.0 and 1.(N+1).0 [N is even]. The new dot-oh release won't necessarily be so stable at this point, but by backporting fixes from development, that branch will stabilize over time.

制限

プロトコル制限

Internally libguestfs uses a message-based protocol to pass API calls and their responses to and from a small ``appliance'' (see guestfs-internals(1) for plenty more detail about this). The maximum message size used by the protocol is slightly less than 4 MB. For some API calls you may need to be aware of this limit. The API calls which may be affected are individually documented, with a link back to this section of the documentation.

In libguestfs < 1.19.32, several calls had to encode either their entire argument list or their entire return value (or sometimes both) in a single protocol message, and this gave them an arbitrary limitation on how much data they could handle. For example, ``guestfs_cat'' could only download a file if it was less than around 4 MB in size. In later versions of libguestfs, some of these limits have been removed. The APIs which were previously limited but are now unlimited (except perhaps by available memory) are listed below. To find out if a specific API is subject to protocol limits, check for the warning in the API documentation which links to this section, and remember to check the version of the documentation that matches the version of libguestfs you are using.

``guestfs_cat'', ``guestfs_find'', ``guestfs_read_file'', ``guestfs_read_lines'', ``guestfs_write'', ``guestfs_write_append'', ``guestfs_lstatlist'', ``guestfs_lxattrlist'', ``guestfs_readlinklist'', ``guestfs_ls''.

See also ``UPLOADING'' and ``DOWNLOADING'' for further information about copying large amounts of data into or out of a filesystem.

ディスクの最大数

In libguestfs ≥ 1.19.7, you can query the maximum number of disks that may be added by calling ``guestfs_max_disks''. In earlier versions of libguestfs (ie. where this call is not available) you should assume the maximum is 25.

The rest of this section covers implementation details, which could change in future.

virtio-scsi ディスク (QEMU において利用可能ならば初期値) を使用しているとき、現在の制限は 255 個のディスクです。virtio-blk (古い初期値) を使用しているとき、約 27 個のディスクです。しかし、実装の詳細やネットワークが有効化されているかどうかにより、変化する可能性があります。

libguestfs により使用される virtio-scsi はディスクあたり一つのターゲットを使用するよう設定されます。256 個のターゲットが利用可能です。

virtio-blk はディスクあたり 1 仮想 PCI を消費します。PCI は 31 スロットに制限されます。これらのいくつかは他の目的のために使用されます。

一つの仮想ディスクが libguestfs により内部的に使用されます。

Before libguestfs 1.19.7, disk names had to be a single character (eg. /dev/sda through /dev/sdz), and since one disk is reserved, that meant the limit was 25. This has been fixed in more recent versions.

libguestfs ≥ 1.20 はディスクの活性挿入をできます。 ``HOTPLUGGING'' 参照。

ディスクあたりの最大パーティション数

virtio はディスクあたりの最大パーティション数を 15 に制限します。

This is because it reserves 4 bits for the minor device number (thus /dev/vda, and /dev/vda1 through /dev/vda15).

15 よりも多くのパーティションを持つディスクを接続すると、追加のパーティションは libguestfs により無視されます。

ディスクの最大容量

制限はおそらく 2**63-1 から 2**64-1 バイトの間です。

We have tested block devices up to 1 exabyte (2**60 or 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 bytes) using sparse files backed by an XFS host filesystem.

Although libguestfs probably does not impose any limit, the underlying host storage will. If you store disk images on a host ext4 filesystem, then the maximum size will be limited by the maximum ext4 file size (currently 16 TB). If you store disk images as host logical volumes then you are limited by the maximum size of an LV.

For the hugest disk image files, we recommend using XFS on the host for storage.

パーティションの最大容量

The MBR (ie. classic MS-DOS) partitioning scheme uses 32 bit sector numbers. Assuming a 512 byte sector size, this means that MBR cannot address a partition located beyond 2 TB on the disk.

It is recommended that you use GPT partitions on disks which are larger than this size. GPT uses 64 bit sector numbers and so can address partitions which are theoretically larger than the largest disk we could support.

ファイルシステム、ファイル、ディレクトリーの最大容量

This depends on the filesystem type. libguestfs itself does not impose any known limit. Consult Wikipedia or the filesystem documentation to find out what these limits are.

最大アップロード数およびダウンロード数

API 関数 ``guestfs_upload'', ``guestfs_download'', ``guestfs_tar_in'', ``guestfs_tar_out'' および類似のものは、アップロードとダウンロードの数量に制限がありません。

検査の制限

The inspection code has several arbitrary limits on things like the size of Windows Registry hive it will read, and the length of product name. These are intended to stop a malicious guest from consuming arbitrary amounts of memory and disk space on the host, and should not be reached in practice. See the source code for more information.

環境変数

LIBGUESTFS_APPEND
仮想マシンのカーネルに追加のオプションを渡します。
LIBGUESTFS_ATTACH_METHOD
This is the old way to set "LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND".
LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND
Choose the default way to create the appliance. See ``guestfs_set_backend'' and ``BACKEND''.
LIBGUESTFS_BACKEND_SETTINGS
A colon-separated list of backend-specific settings. See ``BACKEND'', ``BACKEND SETTINGS''.
LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR
The location where libguestfs will cache its appliance, when using a supermin appliance. The appliance is cached and shared between all handles which have the same effective user ID.

If "LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR" is not set, then "TMPDIR" is used. If "TMPDIR" is not set, then /var/tmp is used.

See also ``LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR'', ``guestfs_set_cachedir''.

LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG
Set "LIBGUESTFS_DEBUG=1" to enable verbose messages. This has the same effect as calling "guestfs_set_verbose (g, 1)".
LIBGUESTFS_HV
Set the default hypervisor (usually qemu) binary that libguestfs uses. If not set, then the qemu which was found at compile time by the configure script is used.

上の ``QEMU WRAPPERS'' 参照。

LIBGUESTFS_MEMSIZE
Set the memory allocated to the qemu process, in megabytes. For example:

 LIBGUESTFS_MEMSIZE=700
LIBGUESTFS_PATH
Set the path that libguestfs uses to search for a supermin appliance. See the discussion of paths in section ``PATH'' above.
LIBGUESTFS_QEMU
This is the old way to set "LIBGUESTFS_HV".
LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR
The location where libguestfs will store temporary files used by each handle.

If "LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR" is not set, then "TMPDIR" is used. If "TMPDIR" is not set, then /tmp is used.

See also ``LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR'', ``guestfs_set_tmpdir''.

LIBGUESTFS_TRACE
コマンドトレースを有効にするには "LIBGUESTFS_TRACE=1" を設定します。これは "guestfs_set_trace (g, 1)" の呼び出しと同じ効果があります。
パス
Libguestfs may run some external programs, and relies on $PATH being set to a reasonable value. If using the libvirt backend, libvirt will not work at all unless $PATH contains the path of qemu/KVM. Note that PHP by default removes $PATH from the environment which tends to break everything.
SUPERMIN_KERNEL
SUPERMIN_KERNEL_VERSION
SUPERMIN_MODULES
These three environment variables allow the kernel that libguestfs uses in the appliance to be selected. If $SUPERMIN_KERNEL is not set, then the most recent host kernel is chosen. For more information about kernel selection, see supermin(1).
TMPDIR
See ``LIBGUESTFS_CACHEDIR'', ``LIBGUESTFS_TMPDIR''.

著者

Richard W.M. Jones ("rjones at redhat dot com")

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2009-2016 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

BUGS

To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

When reporting a bug, please supply:

  • The version of libguestfs.
  • Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)
  • Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.
  • Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug report.